David Gordon Wilson
Born in Warwickshire, England, Wilson went to the US on a post-doctoral fellowship in 1955. He returned to Britain in 1957 to work in the gas-turbine industry. He taught engineering in Nigeria from 1958 to 1960. He started a branch of a US company in London and in 1961 was moved to the US. In 1966 he joined the MIT faculty and taught engineering design and pursued a long-standing interest into human-powered transport, coauthoring Bicycling Science. He is credited, along with Chester Kyle, with starting the modern recumbent bicycle movement in the US.
In 1980, Wilson and Richard Forrestall developed a recumbent bicycle, the Avatar 2000. In 1982, Tim Gartside (Australia) rode a fully faired version as the Avatar Bluebell (UK) in a US event to a world record of 51.9 mph for 200 metres with a flying start.
Wilson held more than 60 patents; in 1982, he told the Boston Globe, "It’s a bit of a pain that all I’m known for is the bike. I’m very keen on some of the other things I do." He was also active in environmental causes, proposing a forerunner to the carbon tax in 1973, and leading a group that called for a smoking ban in public places.
In 2001, Wilson and Bruce co-founded Wilson TurboPower to commercialise two energy technologies developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)—the Wilson Heat Exchanger, for which the company received $500,000 in funding from the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative in 2008, and the Wilson Microturbine, which was described as "high-performance 300 kW microturbine [that] will dramatically improve energy economics by producing over 50% electrical efficiency." In 2010, the company changed its name and its focus, becoming the Wilson Solarpower Corporation.
Wilson lived in Winchester, Massachusetts with his wife, Ellen.
- Wilson, David Gordon; Whitt, Frank Rowland; et al. (April 2004). Bicycling Science (3rd paperback ed.). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-73154-6.
- Wilson, David Gordon; Korakianitis, Theodosios (January 1998). The Design of High-Efficiency Turbomachinery and Gas Turbines (2nd paperback ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-312000-4.
- Beck, Douglas; Wilson, David Gordon (January 1996). Gas-Turbine Regenerators (hardcover ed.). Springer. ISBN 978-0-412-98331-3.
- Bryan Marquard (7 May 2019). "David Gordon Wilson, MIT professor and father of modern recumbent bicycles, dies at 91". Boston Globe. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- "MIT MechE - David Gordon Wilson". Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- Wilson; Forrestall; Henden (1984). "Evolution of Recumbent Bicycles and the Design of the Avatar Bluebell". SAE International Congress and Exposition Technical Paper 840021. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- Berdik, Chris (10 August 2014). "The unsung inventor of the carbon tax". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- Buderi, Robert (20 May 2008). "Xconomy: Wilson TurboPower Boosted by 500K". Xconomy. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- "Wilson TurboPower, Inc. (copy @ Wayback Machine)". Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Wilson Solarpower Corporation: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- Alspach, Kyle (15 July 2010). "Wilson TurboPower changes name, appoints law vet as CEO". Boston Business Journal. Retrieved 18 May 2019.