David Alan Dunning (born 1960) is an American social psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of Michigan.[1] He is a retired professor of psychology at Cornell University.[2]

David Dunning
Born1960 (age 63–64)
United States
EducationMichigan State University (BA)
Stanford University (PhD)
Occupation(s)Psychologist, professor
Known forDunning–Kruger effect
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Michigan
Cornell University
ThesisSituational construal and sources of social judgment (1986)
Doctoral advisorLee Ross
Doctoral studentsEmily Balcetis

Education edit

He received his BA from Michigan State University in 1982 and PhD from Stanford University in 1986, both in psychology.[1][3]

Research edit

Dunning has published more than 80 peer-reviewed papers, book chapters, and commentaries. He is well known for co-authoring a 1999 study[4] with graduate student Justin Kruger after reading about the 1995 Greater Pittsburgh bank robberies in which the perpetrators wore lemon juice instead of masks, thinking it would make them invisible to security cameras.[5][6] This study showed that people who performed the lowest at certain tasks, such as judging humor, grammar, and logic, significantly overestimated how good they were at these tasks. This study has since given rise to what is known as the Dunning–Kruger effect, a cognitive bias in which people mistakenly assess their cognitive ability as greater than it is.[7] The study also found that people who performed slightly above average at identifying how funny a given joke was tended to be the most accurate at assessing how good they were at the assigned tasks, and that those who performed the best tended to think they performed only slightly above average.[8] In 2012, Dunning told Ars Technica that he "thought the paper would never be published" and that he was "struck just with how long and how much this idea has gone viral in so many areas."[7]

Positions edit

Dunning is the executive officer of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology and the Foundation for Personality and Social Psychology. He has also served as an associate editor of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.[2]

Awards edit

In 2021, Dunning was listed by Stanford University as being in the world's top 2% most cited psychological scientists.[9][10]

References edit

  1. ^ a b "David Dunning". University of Michigan. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "David Dunning". Cornell University Institute for the Social Sciences. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  3. ^ Dunning, David Alan (1986). Situational construal and sources of social judgment (Ph.D. thesis). Stanford University.
  4. ^ Kruger, J; Dunning, D (December 1999). "Unskilled and unaware of it: how difficulties in recognizing one's own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 77 (6): 1121–34. CiteSeerX doi:10.1037/0022-3514.77.6.1121. PMID 10626367.
  5. ^ Abrahams, Marc (December 2005). "Those Who Can't, Don't Know It". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  6. ^ Morris, Errol (June 20, 2010). "The Anosognosic's Dilemma: Something's Wrong but You'll Never Know What It Is (Part 1)". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 27, 2022. Retrieved October 16, 2022.
  7. ^ a b Lee, Chris (May 25, 2012). "Revisiting why incompetents think they're awesome". Ars Technica. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  8. ^ Stafford, Tom (November 25, 2013). "The more inept you are the smarter you think you are". BBC Future. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  9. ^ "Stanford University Names World's Top 2% Scientists, 2021 | U-M LSA Department of Psychology". lsa.umich.edu. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  10. ^ Jeroen Baas (October 19, 2021), August 2021 data-update for "Updated science-wide author databases of standardized citation indicators", vol. 3, John P.A. Ioannidis, Kevin Boyack, Jeroen Baas, Elsevier BV, doi:10.17632/btchxktzyw.3, retrieved May 15, 2022