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David Bryon Cole (June 3, 1962 – January 24, 1995) was an American songwriter and record producer. Cole was one half of the dance-music duo C+C Music Factory, which he founded with his musical partner Robert Clivillés.

David Cole
Birth nameDavid Bryon Cole[1]
Born(1962-06-03)June 3, 1962
Johnson City, Tennessee, U.S.
DiedJanuary 24, 1995(1995-01-24) (aged 32)
New York City, New York, U.S.
GenresDance, house
Occupation(s)Producer, remixer
Years active1981–1995
Associated actsC+C Music Factory, Clivillés and Cole, Robert Clivillés, Martha Wash, Deborah Cooper, Mariah Carey, Freedom Williams

Robert Clivillés and David Cole also produced various hits for other artists such as Mariah Carey, Aretha Franklin, James Brown, Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam, Deborah Cooper, and many others. After Cole's death in 1995, Robert Clivillés continued to keep C+C Music Factory going through his own production work.

Contents

Musical careerEdit

In the late 1980s, Robert Clivillés and David Cole were active in the groups 2 Puerto Ricans, a Blackman, and a Dominican and The 28th Street Crew.[2][3] At the time they were the driving force of the short-lived Brat Pack.[4] Cole also released one solo single called "You Take My Breath Away" in 1988.[1] The duo were also responsible for the formation of pop group Seduction, for whom they wrote and produced a string of Top-10 hits. They contributed to the career of former The Weather Girls vocalist Martha Wash, who at the same time was one of the lead vocalists for the dance act Black Box. In 1990, Clivillés and Cole released a single featuring later C+C Music Factory rapper Freedom Williams, called "Get Dumb! (Free Your Body)", as The Crew.[5] The duo's biggest success, however, was the group C+C Music Factory, which became a worldwide sensation in 1991.[6]

Production and remix workEdit

ControversyEdit

In 1989, Clivillés and Cole wrote a song titled "Get Dumb (Free Your Body)" that was originally performed under the name The Crew, featuring Freedom Williams, and later by Seduction. They allegedly illegally sampled portions of "The Music Got Me", which was written by Boyd Jarvis of early-1980s music group Visual. Boyd sued them for copyright infringement in 1990, and demanded $15 million in royalties.[7]

Four years later, Kevin McCord filed a copyright infringement lawsuit against Mariah Carey, Cole, Clivillés, and Columbia Records, because, according to McCord, they took parts of his song called "I Want to Thank You" and created "Make It Happen" out of it without permission.[8] Although the allegations were proven false, McCord eventually accepted a settlement offer of about US$500,000.[8][9]

DeathEdit

Cole died on January 24, 1995, after a long illness.[10][11] The official cause was announced by Robert Clivillés as complications from spinal meningitis brought on by AIDS.[12] He was buried at East Ridgelawn Cemetery in Clifton, New Jersey.[13] The song "One Sweet Day" by Mariah Carey, featuring Boyz II Men, was written by Carey in memory of Cole.[14][15]

DiscographyEdit

SoloEdit

  • "You Take My Breath Away" (single) (1988)

with 2 Puerto Ricans, a Blackman, and a DominicanEdit

  • "Do It Properly" (single) (1987)
  • "Scandalous" (single) (1989)

with The 28th Street CrewEdit

  • I Need a Rhythm (1989)
  • "O" (1994)

with The CrewEdit

  • "Get Dumb! (Free Your Body) (feat. Freedom Williams)" (single) (1990)

with C+C Music FactoryEdit

Year Album details Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales threshold)
US US R&B AUS AUT NL NZ SWE SWI UK[16]
1990 Gonna Make You Sweat
  • First studio album
  • Release date: December 13, 1990
  • Label: Columbia
2 11 7 26 59 3 30 13 8
  • RIAA: 5× Platinum
  • BPI: Gold
  • MC: 4× Platinum
1994 Anything Goes!
  • Second studio album
  • Release date: August 9, 1994
  • Label: Columbia
106 39 36 63 25 46
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Other releasesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b David Cole, Discogs
  2. ^ Chep Nuñez, Discogs
  3. ^ 28th Street Crew, The, Discogs
  4. ^ Brat Pack, The, Discogs
  5. ^ Crew, The Featuring Freedom Williams – Get Dumb! (Free Your Body), Discogs
  6. ^ C+C Music Factory/Full Biography, MTV
  7. ^ Jarvis v. A & M Records 827 F. Supp. 282 (D.N.J. 1993) UCLA Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b Atwood, Brett (July 23, 1994). "Carey And Sony Dispute C'right Infringement Claims". Billboard. BPI Communications. 106 (30): 12, 125. ISSN 0006-2510. OCLC 1532948.
  9. ^ Friedman, Roger (2004-08-10). "Mariah Carey Accused of Plagiarism". FOXNews.com. News Corporation. Archived from the original on 2011-08-01. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
  10. ^ C+C Music Factory's David Cole Succumbs, Jet, 13 February 1995 (page 18)
  11. ^ C+C Music Factory's David Cole Dies At 32, Billboard, 4 February 1995 (page 9)
  12. ^ "C+C's David Cole dies at 32" Archived 2010-07-03 at the Wayback MachineNY Daily News, 25 January 1995
  13. ^ David B. Cole's grave from Find-A-Grave
  14. ^ Nickson 1998, p. 144
  15. ^ The ultimate 90 Mariah Carey, VIBE (November 2007)
  16. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 88. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.

External linksEdit