David Charles was born at Llanfihangel Abercywyn, near St Clears in Carmarthenshire, the son of Rees and Jael Charles, and the younger brother of the Methodist leader Thomas Charles, later of Bala.
He was apprenticed to a flax-dresser and rope-maker at Carmarthen and afterwards spent three years at Bristol. He returned to Carmarthen when he married Sarah, the daughter of Samuel Levi Phillips, a Haverfordwest banker, and set himself up as a tradesman. Long connected with the Calvinistic Methodists, he joined the congregation at Water Street Chapel and became an elder. Charles began to preach at the age of forty-six, and was one of the first lay-preachers ordained ministers in South Wales in 1811.
He helped to establish the "Home Mission", but was forced to retire in 1828 after suffering a stroke. He died on 2 September 1834, and was buried at Llangunnor. There is a memorial to Charles, by Daniel Mainwaring, at Water Street Chapel.
His best-known hymns include "O fryniau Caersalem ceir gweled" ("From the Hills of Jerusalem are Seen").
- Roberts 1959.
- Tout 1887.
- "Local Information Sheet 31: Carmarthen" (PDF). Capel. The Chapels Heritage Society. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Howell Elvet Lewis: Sweet Singers of Wales - Christian Classics Ethereal Library".
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Tout, Thomas Frederick (1887). "Charles, David". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Books and JournalsEdit
- E. Wyn James, ‘David Charles (1762–1834), Caerfyrddin: Diwinydd, Pregethwr, Emynydd’, Cylchgrawn Hanes (Cymdeithas Hanes y Methodistiaid Calfinaidd)/Journal of the Historical Society of the Presbyterian Church of Wales, 36 (2012), 13–56. ISSN 0141-5255.
- Roberts, Gomer M. (1959). "David Charles, Calvinistic Methodist minister, and hymn-writer.". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 1 February 2017.