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David Bruce Cassidy[1] (April 12, 1950 – November 21, 2017) was an American actor, singer, songwriter, and guitarist. He was known for his role as Keith Partridge, the son of Shirley Partridge (played by his stepmother Shirley Jones), in the 1970s musical-sitcom The Partridge Family. This role catapulted Cassidy to teen idol status as a superstar pop singer of the 1970s.

David Cassidy
David Cassidy 6 Allan Warren (cropped).jpg
Cassidy in 1974
Born
David Bruce Cassidy

(1950-04-12)April 12, 1950
DiedNovember 21, 2017(2017-11-21) (aged 67)
Occupation
  • Actor
  • singer
  • songwriter
  • musician
Years active1969–2017
Home townWest Orange, New Jersey, U.S.
Spouse(s)
  • Kay Lenz
    (m. 1977; div. 1983)
  • Meryl Tanz
    (m. 1984; div. 1988)
  • Sue Shifrin
    (m. 1991; div. 2016)
Children2, including Katie Cassidy
Parent(s)
Family
Ryan Cassidy (half-brother)
Musical career
GenresPop rock
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
Labels
Associated actsThe Partridge Family
Websitedavidcassidy.com

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Cassidy was born at Flower Fifth Avenue Hospital in New York City, the son of singer and actor Jack Cassidy and actress Evelyn Ward.[1][2] His father was of half Irish and half German ancestry, and his mother was descended mostly from Colonial Americans, along with some Irish and Swiss roots.[3] His mother's ancestors were among the founders of Newark, New Jersey.[3]

As his parents were frequently touring on the road, he spent his early years being raised by his maternal grandparents in a middle-class neighborhood in West Orange, New Jersey.[4] In 1956, he found out from neighbors' children that his parents had been divorced for over two years and had not told him.[5]

In 1956, Cassidy's father married singer and actress Shirley Jones. They had three children: David's half-brothers, Shaun (b. 1958), Patrick (b. 1962), and Ryan (b. 1966). In 1968, after completing one final session of summer school to obtain credits necessary to get a high-school diploma, David moved into the rental home of Jack Cassidy and Shirley Jones in Irvington, New York, where his half-brothers also lived.[6] David remained there, seeking fame as an actor/musician, while simultaneously working half-days in the mailroom of a textile firm.[7] He moved out when his career began to flourish.

Cassidy's father, Jack, is credited with setting his son up with his first manager. After signing with Universal Studios in 1969, Jack introduced him to former table tennis champion and close friend Ruth Aarons, who later found her niche as a talent manager, given her theater background.[8] Aarons had represented Jack and Shirley Jones for several years, and later represented Cassidy's half-brother, Shaun. Aarons became an authority figure and close friend to Cassidy, and was the driving force behind his on-screen success. After making small wages from Screen Gems for his work on The Partridge Family during season one, Aarons discovered a loophole in his contract, specifically that he had been under-aged when he signed it, and renegotiated it with far superior terms, and a four-year duration, a rare stipulation at the time.[9]

CareerEdit

1960sEdit

On January 2, 1969, Cassidy made his professional debut in the Broadway musical The Fig Leaves Are Falling. It closed after four performances,[10] but a casting director saw the show and asked Cassidy to make a screen test. In 1969, he moved to Los Angeles.[10] After signing with Universal Studios in 1969, Cassidy was featured in episodes of the television series Ironside, Marcus Welby, M.D., Adam-12, Medical Center and Bonanza.[citation needed]

1970sEdit

 
Publicity photo for The Partridge Family, 1972

In 1970, Cassidy took the role of Keith Partridge on the musical television show The Partridge Family. After demonstrating his singing talent, Cassidy was allowed to join the studio ensemble as the lead singer.[11] The show proved popular, but the fame took its toll on Cassidy. In the midst of his rise to fame, Cassidy felt stifled by the show and trapped by the mass hysteria surrounding his every move.[11]:92–95 In May 1972, to alter his public image, he appeared nude on the cover of Rolling Stone in a cropped Annie Leibovitz photo;[11]:167 among other things, the accompanying Rolling Stone article mentioned that Cassidy was riding around New York in the back of a car "stoned and drunk."[12]

Once "I Think I Love You"—the first single released by The Partridge Family pop group—became a hit, Cassidy began work on solo albums. Within the first year, he had produced his own single, a cover of The Association's "Cherish" (from the album of the same title); the song reached number nine in the United States, number two in the United Kingdom (a double A-side with "Could It Be Forever"), and number one in Australia and New Zealand. He began tours that featured Partridge tunes and his own hits. Cassidy achieved far greater solo chart success in the UK than in his native America, including a cover of The Young Rascals' "How Can I Be Sure" and the double A-side single "Daydreamer" / "The Puppy Song" – two UK number ones which failed to chart in the States. In Britain, Cassidy the solo star remains best known for "Daydreamer", "How Can I Be Sure" and "Could It Be Forever" (UK number 2/US number 37), all released during his 1972–73 solo chart peak. Though he wanted to become a respected rock musician along the lines of Mick Jagger, his channel to stardom launched him into the ranks of teen idol, a brand he loathed until much later in life, when he managed to come to terms with his bubblegum pop beginnings.[citation needed]

Ten albums by The Partridge Family and five solo albums by Cassidy were produced during the series, with most selling more than a million copies each. Internationally, Cassidy's solo career eclipsed the already phenomenal success of The Partridge Family. He became an instant drawing card, with sellout concert successes in major arenas around the world. These concerts produced mass hysteria, resulting in the media coining the term "Cassidymania". For example, he played to two sellout crowds of 56,000 each at the Houston Astrodome in Texas over one weekend in 1972.[13] His concert in New York's Madison Square Garden sold out in one day and resulted in riots after the show.[14] His concert tours of the United Kingdom included sellout concerts at Wembley Stadium in 1973.[9] In Australia in 1974, the mass hysteria was such that calls were made to have him deported from the country, especially after the madness at his 33,000-person audience concert at Melbourne Cricket Ground.[15][16]

 
Cassidy performing in 1973

A turning point in Cassidy's live concerts (while still filming The Partridge Family) was a gate stampede which killed a teenage girl. At a show in London's White City Stadium on May 26, 1974, nearly 800 were injured in a crush at the front of the stage. Thirty were taken to the hospital, and one, 14-year-old Bernadette Whelan, died four days later at London's Hammersmith Hospital without regaining consciousness, after the excitement and press of the crowd caused a pre-existing heart condition to trigger cardiac arrest.[17] The show was the penultimate date on a world tour. A deeply affected Cassidy faced the press, trying to make sense of what had happened. Out of respect for the family and to avoid turning the girl's funeral into a media circus, Cassidy did not attend the service, although he spoke to Whelan's parents and sent flowers. Cassidy stated at the time that this would haunt him until the day he died.[18][19][20]

I'm exploited by people who put me on the back of cereal boxes. I asked my housekeeper to go and buy a certain kind of cereal and when she came home, there was a huge picture of me on the back. I can't even eat breakfast without seeing my face. —New Musical Express, October 1972.[21]

By this point, Cassidy had decided to quit both touring and acting in The Partridge Family, concentrating instead on recording and songwriting. International success continued, mostly in Great Britain, Germany, Japan and South Africa, when he released three well-received solo albums and several hit singles on RCA in 1975 and 1976. Cassidy became the first recording artist to have a hit with "I Write the Songs", peaking at #11 in the Top 40 in Great Britain before the song became Barry Manilow's signature tune. Cassidy's recording was produced by the song's author-composer, Bruce Johnston of The Beach Boys.[citation needed]

In 1978, Cassidy starred in an episode of Police Story titled "A Chance to Live", for which he was nominated for an Emmy Award.[22] NBC created a series based on it, called David Cassidy: Man Undercover, but it was cancelled after one season. A decade later, the successful Fox series 21 Jump Street used the same plot, with different youthful-looking police officers infiltrating a high school.[citation needed]

1980sEdit

Cassidy later stated he was broke by the 1980s, despite being successful and highly paid.[23] In 1985, music success continued with the Arista release of the single "The Last Kiss" (number six in the United Kingdom), with backing vocals by George Michael, which was included on the album Romance. These went gold in Europe and Australia, and Cassidy supported them with a sellout tour of the United Kingdom, which resulted in the Greatest Hits Live compilation of 1986. Michael cited Cassidy as a major career influence and interviewed Cassidy for David Litchfield's Ritz Newspaper.[24]

Cassidy performed in musical theater. In 1981, he toured in a revival of a pre-Broadway production of Little Johnny Jones, a show originally produced in 1904 with music, lyrics, and book by George M. Cohan. (The show is excerpted in the biographic film Yankee Doodle Dandy [1942], when James Cagney sings "Give My Regards to Broadway" and "The Yankee Doodle Boy".) However, Cassidy received negative reviews, and he was replaced by another former teen idol, Donny Osmond,[25] before the show reached Broadway.[26] Cassidy, in turn, was himself a replacement for the lead in the original 1982 Broadway production of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat.[27] Cassidy also appeared in London's West End production of Time and returned to Broadway in Blood Brothers alongside Petula Clark and his half-brother, Shaun Cassidy.[citation needed]

 
Cassidy in the 1990s

Later careerEdit

Cassidy returned to the American top 40 with his 1990 single "Lyin' to Myself", released on Enigma Records, from his 1990 album David Cassidy, followed by the 1992 album Didn't You Used to Be... on Scotti Brothers Records.[citation needed] In 1998, he had an adult contemporary music hit with "No Bridge I Wouldn't Cross" from his album Old Trick New Dog on his own Slamajama Records label.[citation needed]

From November 1996 to December 1998, Cassidy starred in the Las Vegas show EFX at the MGM Grand Las Vegas.[28] In 2000, Cassidy wrote and appeared in the Las Vegas show At the Copa with Sheena Easton, as both the young and old versions of the lead character, Johnny Flamingo.[citation needed] His 2001 album Then and Now went platinum internationally and returned Cassidy to the top five of the UK album charts for the first time since 1974.[citation needed] In 2005, Cassidy played the manager of Aaron Carter's character in the film Popstar.[citation needed] He co-starred alongside his half-brother, Patrick in a 2009 ABC Family short-lived comedy series titled Ruby & The Rockits, a show created by Shaun.[29]

Cassidy was one of the contestants on Celebrity Apprentice in 2011.[30]

As the days of "Cassidymania" subsided, Cassidy regularly addressed fans at his concerts in question-and-answer sessions. In August 2016, Cassidy performed in The Villages, Florida, and brought multiple attendees to the side of the stage, asking and answering questions and engaging with members of the community who had been fans for nearly a half century.[31]

Personal lifeEdit

Cassidy's first wife was actress Kay Lenz, whom he married on April 3, 1977[32][33] and divorced on December 28, 1983.[34][35][2]

Cassidy married his second wife, horse breeder Meryl Tanz, in 1984.[36] They met in 1974 at a horse sale in Lexington, Kentucky.[35] This marriage ended in divorce in 1988. URL: www.davidcassidy.com

Cassidy's daughter, actress Katie Cassidy, was born in 1986 from a relationship with fashion model Sherry Williams.[37] After David and Williams ended their relationship, Katie was raised by her mother and her stepfather, Richard Benedon. David has spoken of his absence from Katie's life; in February 2017, he said, "I've never had a relationship with her. I wasn't her father. I was her biological father but I didn't raise her. She has a completely different life. I'm proud of her. She's very talented. It's hard for me to even accept how old she is now."[38]

Cassidy married Sue Shifrin on March 30, 1991. It was Cassidy's third marriage and Shifrin's second marriage. They had one child, Beau,[39][40] in 1991.[41][42] In August 2013, Cassidy's Los Angeles publicist confirmed that the couple had separated, with Shifrin filing for divorce in February 2014.[41][42]

Cassidy moved to Fort Lauderdale, Florida, in 2002.[43] He filed for bankruptcy in 2015.[44][45][46]

ActivismEdit

In 2011, Cassidy recorded a public service announcement for Alzheimer's disease research and prevention – due to his mother, Evelyn Ward, having the condition[47] – and said that he would campaign for that cause whenever possible.[48] He planned to address Congress in 2012.[49]

Cassidy was a long-time registered Democrat. During a 2012 guest appearance on The Colbert Report he expressed his views on the leading Republican candidates for president, Mitt Romney and Newt Gingrich. Cassidy stated, "I believe the both of them are the most embarrassing, sad, pathetic ... I mean, really, this is the best we can do?"[50]

Alcohol-related driving incidents and criminal chargesEdit

Cassidy was arrested for driving under the influence (DUI) in Florida on November 3, 2010.[51] He faced felony charges.[52]

Cassidy was arrested for DUI in Schodack, New York in the early hours of August 21, 2013. He was pulled over after failing to dim his headlights as he passed a police car going in the opposite direction. After performing poorly on a field sobriety test, Cassidy was subjected to an alcohol breath test, returning a blood alcohol level of 0.10%, which was above the New York legal limit of 0.08%.[53] The arresting officer, one Tom Jones, reported that Cassidy was polite and courteous; in reference to a 1965 hit song by singer Tom Jones, Cassidy jokingly asked the officer, "What's New Pussycat?"[53] Cassidy was charged, taken to jail and released several hours later on $2,500 bail. On May 12, 2015, Cassidy was sentenced to community service, a fine, and a six-month license suspension.[54][55]

Cassidy was arrested on suspicion of DUI in California on January 10, 2014 after he made an illegal right turn against a red light. He was held overnight in jail,[56] ordered to undergo inpatient rehabilitation, and was placed on probation for five years.[57][58]

On September 9, 2015, Cassidy was cited in Fort Lauderdale, Florida on charges of leaving the scene of a car accident, improper lane change, expired tags and driving on a suspended license.[43][59][60]

Illness and deathEdit

 
Cassidy performing in 2007

In 2008, Cassidy publicly admitted he had an alcohol problem.[53]

On February 20, 2017, following a performance in which Cassidy had difficulty remembering the lyrics of songs he had been performing for nearly 50 years and appeared to fall off the stage, he announced that he was living with dementia and was retiring from all further performing.[61][62] He said that his mother and grandfather had also suffered from dementia at the end of their lives, and that "I was in denial, but a part of me always knew this was coming."[61]

Later in 2017, Cassidy fell ill at a recording studio and was hospitalized. In a later phone conversation with an A&E producer, he stated that he had just met with his doctor, that he had liver disease, and that his life had "changed dramatically." Cassidy added that he had been unconscious and near death for the first few days after the incident, but that his memory had returned.[63] Cassidy also acknowledged that there was "no sign of [dementia] at this stage of [his] life," adding that "[it] was complete alcohol poisoning – and the fact is, I lied about my drinking."[63] Cassidy said, "You know, I did it to myself, man. I did it to myself to cover up the sadness and the emptiness."[63] Cassidy had told his family and others that he had given up drinking.[63]

On November 18, 2017, it was announced that Cassidy had been hospitalized with liver and kidney failure, and was critically ill in a medically induced coma.[64] He came out of the coma two days later, remaining in critical but stable condition.[65] Doctors hoped to keep Cassidy stable until a liver became available for transplant, but he died of liver failure on November 21, 2017, at the age of 67.[66][67]

MemoirsEdit

In 1994, Cassidy, in collaboration with Chip Deffaa, wrote his autobiography, C'mon, Get Happy ... Fear and Loathing on the Partridge Family Bus.[4]

Cassidy also wrote a memoir, Could It Be Forever? My Story, published in the United Kingdom in March 2007, which gives further details about his personal life.[68]

DiscographyEdit

FilmographyEdit

Year Title Role Notes Reference
1969 The Survivors Mike Episode: "Chapter Seven" [69]
1969 Ironside Danny Goodson Episode: "Stolen on Demand" [70]
1970 Adam-12 Tim Richmond Episode: "Log 24 A Rare Occasion" [70]
1970 Bonanza Billy Burgess Episode: "The Law and Billy Burgess" [70]
1970 Marcus Welby, M.D. Michael Ambrose Episode: "Fun and Games and Michael Ambrose" [69]
1970 Medical Center Rick Lambert Episode: "His Brother's Keeper" [69]
1970 The Mod Squad Brad Johnson Episode: "The Loser" [69]
1970 The F.B.I. Larry Wentworth Episode: "Fatal Impostor" [70]
1970–74 The Partridge Family Keith Partridge 96 episodes [70]
1978 Police Story Officer Dan Shay Episode: "A Chance to Live" [69]
1978–79 David Cassidy: Man Undercover Officer Dan Shay 10 episodes; also composer of theme music [69]
1980 The Love Boat Ted Harmes 1 episode [69]
1980 The Night the City Screamed David Greeley TV movie [70]
1980/83 Fantasy Island Jeremy Todd / Danny Collier 2 episodes [69]
1982 Matt Houston John Gordon Boyd Episode: "Joey's Here" [69]
1983 Parade of Stars George M. Cohan TV movie [69]
1983 Tales of the Unexpected Donald / David Episode: "Heir Presumptuous" [69]
1988 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Joey Mitchell Episode: "Career Move" [69]
1990 Instant Karma Reno [70]
1990 The Spirit of '76 Adam-11 [70]
1991 Blossom Himself Episode: "A Rockumentary" [69]
1991 The Flash Sam Scudder/Mirror Master Episode: "Done with Mirrors" [69]
1992 The Ben Stiller Show David Cassidy Episode: "With Flea" [69]
1995 The John Larroquette Show Jefferson Kelly Episode: "Wrestling Matches"; also composer of theme music [69]
2003 Malcolm in the Middle Boone Vincent Episode: "Vegas" [71]
2003 The Agency Everett Price Episode: "War, Inc." [72]
2004 Kim Possible Roland Pond (voice) Episode: "Oh Boyz" [72]
2005 Less than Perfect Vince Episode: "Playhouse" [72]
2005 Popstar Grant [71]
2009 Ruby & The Rockits David Gallagher 10 episodes [71]
2011 Celebrity Apprentice Himself/contestant 2 episodes [71]
2013 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Peter Coe Episode: "Last Woman Standing" [70]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "David Cassidy". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on February 28, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2017. David Bruce Cassidy was born on April 12, 1950, at Manhattan's Flower Fifth Avenue Hospital (now the Terence Cardinal Cook Healthcare Center) on Upper Fifth Avenue.
  2. ^ a b "David Cassidy Biography: Television Actor, Singer (1950–)". Biography.com (FYI / A&E Networks). Archived from the original on January 5, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Smolenyak, Megan (March 7, 2011). "Should David Cassidy Have Let His Roots Show on Celebrity Apprentice?". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2012. Aside from a dash of Swiss and a little more Irish, this part of Cassidy's tree marches steadily back in New Jersey for generations. In fact, some of his ancestors were among the founders of Newark.
  4. ^ a b Cassidy, David; Deffaa, Chip (1994). C'mon, Get Happy ... Fear and Loathing on the Partridge Family Bus. New York: Warner Books. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-446-39531-1.
  5. ^ C'mon, Get Happy, p. 4
  6. ^ C'mon, Get Happy, p. 35
  7. ^ "David Cassidy: Naked Lunch Box". Rolling Stone. May 11, 1972. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Ruth Aarons". Team USA. Archived from the original on June 21, 2012.
  9. ^ a b Cassidy, David (2007). Could it be Forever? My Story. London: Headline Publishing Group. ISBN 9780755315796.
  10. ^ a b C'mon, Get Happy, p. 43
  11. ^ a b c Cassidy, David; Deffaa, Chip (1994). C'mon, Get Happy: Fear and Loathing on the Partridge Family Bus. DBC Enterprises, Warner Books Inc. ISBN 9780446395311.
  12. ^ Green, Robin (May 11, 1972). "Naked Lunch Box". Rolling Stone.
  13. ^ "The 'new' David Cassidy steps out". August 16, 1975. Retrieved August 3, 2009.[dead link]
  14. ^ Heckman, Don (March 12, 1972). "Cassidy is Focus of New Pop Trend; "Partridge FAMILY" Star Puts Sensuality Into Singing". The New York Times. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
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  33. ^ Park, Jeannie; Michael Alexander (November 20, 1989). "After Riding a Lifetime of Ups and Downs, Kay Lenz Hits Her Stride with a Role in Midnight Caller". People. 32 (21). Retrieved February 11, 2014. ...David Cassidy when they married in 1977, just 2½ months after meeting on a blind date.
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  65. ^ Press, Brian Ballou, and the Associated. "David Cassidy 'critical but stable' in Fort Lauderdale-area hospital with multiple organ failure".
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External linksEdit