David Boyle, 1st Earl of Glasgow

David Boyle, 1st Earl of Glasgow (c. 1666 – 31 October 1733) was a Scottish politician and peer. He was the last Treasurer-depute before the Union with England.


The Earl of Glasgow

1stEarlOfGlasgow.jpg
1711 engraving of the Earl by John Smith based upon a Jonathan Richardson portrait
Scottish Representative Peer
in the House of Lords
In office
13 February 1707 – 21 September 1710
Preceded byEstablished
Commissioner of the Parliament
of Scotland
for Bute
In office
1689–1699
Preceded byJames Stuart, 1st Earl of Bute
Succeeded byWilliam Stewart
Rector of the University of Glasgow
In office
1690–1691
Preceded byRobert Ramsay
Succeeded bySir John Maxwell
Personal details
Born
David Boyle, esq.

c. 1666
Kelburn Castle, Fairlie, North Ayrshire, Scotland
Died31 October 1733
Fairlie, North Ayrshire
Spouse(s)
Margaret Lindsay-Crawford
(m. 1687; her death 1695)

Jean Mure
(m. 1697; her death 1724)
ChildrenJohn Boyle, 2nd Earl of Glasgow
Lady Jean Boyle Mure
ParentsJohn Boyle
Marion Steuart
OccupationPolitician

Early lifeEdit

David Boyle was born circa 1666 at Kelburn Castle, Fairlie, in North Ayrshire, Scotland. He was the son of John Boyle of Kelburn (d. 1685), a Shire Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland for Bute, and Marion Steuart, daughter of Sir Walter Steuart of Allanton.[1][2]

CareerEdit

 
French illustration of an opening of the Scottish Parliament, ca. 18th Century

From 1689–1699, Boyle was the Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland from the Bute constituency. In 1697, he was invested as Privy Counsellor.[3] He was Rector of Glasgow University from 1690–1691,[4] as well as the last Treasurer-depute before the Union with England.[5]

The Earl was a supporter of the Acts of Union, and after their passage, he sat as a Scottish representative peer from 1707 to 1710, serving alongside his first wife's nephew, John Lindsay, 19th Earl of Crawford (d. 1713). In Scotland, some claimed that union would enable Scotland to recover from the financial disaster wrought by the Darien scheme through English assistance and the lifting of measures put in place through the Alien Act of 1705 to force the Scottish Parliament into compliance with the Act of Settlement.[6] As many Commissioners had invested heavily in the Darien Scheme, they believed that they would receive compensation for their losses of which Article 15 granted £398,085 10s sterling to Scotland, a sum known as The Equivalent, to offset future liability towards the English national debt, that was in essence used as a means of compensation for investors in the Company of Scotland's Darien Scheme.[7] In total, £20,000 (£240,000 Scots) was dispatched to Scotland,[5] of which £12,325, more than 60% of the funding, was distributed to Boyle and The Duke of Queensbury, the Commissioner in Parliament.[8][9]

He was appointed Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1706, and in 1707 to 1710. He was also Lord Clerk Register prior to 1714.[4]

PeerageEdit

On 31 January 1699, he was raised to the Peerage of Scotland as Lord Boyle of Kelburn, Stewartoun, Cumbrae, Finnick, Largs and Dalry,[2] with a special remainder to all of his heirs male whatsoever.[3] On 12 April 1703, he advanced to the titles of Viscount of Kelburn and Earl of Glasgow,[2] with a special remainder to all of his heirs male whatsoever.[3]

Personal lifeEdit

On 19 April 1687, Margaret Lindsay-Crawford (1669–1695), daughter of the Hon. Patrick Crawford of Kilbirney (1646–1681), who was the second son of John Lindsay, 17th Earl of Crawford (c. 1598–1678) and the brother of William Lindsay, 18th Earl of Crawford (1644–1698).[10] Together, they had:

On 16 June 1697, Boyle married for the second time to Jean Mure (d. 1724), the daughter and heir of William Mure of Rowallan (d. 1700), who was the grandson of Sir William Mure of Rowallan (1594–1657). Before her death in 1724, they had three daughters, including:[12]

In 1711, an engraving was made of The Earl by John Smith (1652-1743), based upon a portrait of him done by Jonathan Richardson (1665-1745).[13]

DescendantsEdit

Lord Boyle's grandson, John Boyle, 3rd Earl of Glasgow (1714–1775), succeeded his eldest son, the 2nd Earl, to his titles in 1740. He married Elizabeth Ross (1725–1791),[14] daughter of George Ross, 13th Lord Ross[15]

Lord Boyle's grandson, James Mure Campbell (1726–1786), succeeded to the estate of Rowallan, and later became the 5th Earl of Loudoun. James married Flora Macleod, daughter of John Macleod of Raasay, with whom he had Flora Mure-Campbell (1780–1840), his heir and the 6th Countess of Loudoun. She married Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings (1754–1826), in 1804.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "John Boyle of Kelburn". www.thepeerage.com. The Peerage. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Burke, John (1832). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. H. Colburn and R. Bentley. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b c G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 264
  4. ^ a b "Biography of David Boyle 1st Earl of Glasgow". www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  5. ^ a b Whatley, Christopher A. (30 April 2014). The Scots and the Union: Then and Now. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 9780748680283. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  6. ^ Whatley, C. A. (2001). Bought and sold for English Gold? Explaining the Union of 1707. East Linton: Tuckwell Press. p. 48. ISBN 1-86232-140-X.
  7. ^ Watt, Douglas. The Price of Scotland: Darien, Union and the wealth of nations. Luath Press 2007.
  8. ^ Some contend that all of this money was properly accounted for as compensation for loss of office, pensions and so forth not outwith the usual run of government. It is perhaps a debate that will never be set to rest. However, modern research has shown that payments were made to supporters of union that appear not to have been overdue salaries
  9. ^ Parliament.uk Archived 25 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Burke, Bernard (1866). A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. Harrison. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  11. ^ Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage, Volume IV: p.206
  12. ^ a b c Anderson, William (1877). The Scottish Nation: Or, The Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland. A. Fullarton & Company. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  13. ^ "David Boyle, 1st Earl of Glasgow". npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  14. ^ Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage, Volume VII
  15. ^ The Complete Peerage, Volume V (ed. Gibbs and Doubleday, London, 1926), at page 662
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Established
Scottish Representative Peer
in the House of Lords

1707–1710
Succeeded by
Parliament of Scotland
Preceded by
John Boyle
The Earl of Bute
Shire Commissioner for Bute
1689–1699
With: The Earl of Bute (to 1693)
William Stewart (from 1693)
Succeeded by
William Stewart
Academic offices
Preceded by
Robert Ramsay
Rector of the
University of Glasgow

1690–1691
Succeeded by
Sir John Maxwell of Nether Park
Peerage of Scotland
New creation Earl of Glasgow
1703–1733
Succeeded by
John Boyle