David Russell Gordon Davies (born 3 February 1947) is an English singer, songwriter and guitarist. He is the lead guitarist and backing singer (occasionally singing lead) for English rock band The Kinks, which also features his elder brother Sir Ray Davies.
Promotional photo of Davies in 1971
|Birth name||David Russell Gordon Davies|
|Born||3 February 1947|
Fortis Green, London, England
|Origin||Chipping Barnet, London, England|
|Associated acts||The Kinks|
David Russell Gordon Davies was born at 6 Denmark Terrace, Muswell Hill, North London. He was born the last of eight children, including six elder sisters and an elder brother, later bandmate Ray. As children, the Davies brothers were immersed in a world of different musical styles, from the music hall of their parents' generation, to the jazz and early rock n' roll that their older sisters listened to. The siblings developed a rivalry early on, with both brothers competing for their parents' and sisters' attention.
Davies grew up playing skiffle, but soon bought an electric guitar and started experimenting with rock. The Davies brothers and friend Pete Quaife jammed together in the front room of their house. Activities in the Davies household centred around this front room, culminating in large parties, where the parents would sing and play piano together. The front room and these parties were musically nurturing to the Davies brothers, later influencing the Kinks' interpretations of the traditional British music hall style. Dave and his brother worked out the famous two-chord riff of their 1964 hit "You Really Got Me" on the piano in the front room.
Davies founded the Kinks with Pete Quaife in 1963. His brother Ray, who became the best-known member and de facto leader of the band, joined soon after. The quartet was formed when drummer Mick Avory joined. Dave Davies had a turbulent relationship with Avory, one of the reasons behind the latter's departure from the band in the mid-1980s, although the two had been housemates together in the mid-1960s.
Ray and Dave Davies remained the only two steady members of the band. They were accompanied by an oft-changing roster of bassists and keyboardists. Dave played a largely subordinate role to his brother, often staying behind the scenes. Dave would make occasional contributions on Kinks records as lead vocalist and songwriter, with classics such as "Party Line" (the lyrics were written by Ray and the song has been attributed to Ray on many editions of "Face to Face"), "Death of a Clown" and "Strangers".
Early years (1963–1966)Edit
Dave Davies was solely responsible for the signature distorted power chord sound on the Kinks' first hit, "You Really Got Me". He achieved the sound by using a razor blade to slit the speaker cone on his Elpico amplifier, which he then ran through a larger Vox as a "pre-amp". This sound was one of the first mainstream appearances of distortion, which was to have a major influence on many later musicians, especially in heavy metal and punk rock.
"You Really Got Me" was the band's third released single, the two previous recordings having failed to chart. They had a three-single contract with Pye Records, and needed a hit to get another. Pye didn't like the song and refused to pay for studio time. The band arranged other financial support to cut the single, which became a hit, topping the charts in the UK and reaching number 7 in the US.
The Kinks released three albums and several EPs in the next two years. They also performed and toured relentlessly, headlining package tours with the likes of The Yardbirds and The Mickey Finn, which caused tension within the band. Some legendary on-stage fights erupted during this time as well. The most notorious incident was at the Capitol Theatre in Cardiff in May 1965, involving drummer Mick Avory and Dave Davies. The fight broke out during the second number of the set, "Beautiful Delilah". It culminated with Davies insulting Avory and kicking over his drum set after finishing the first song, "You Really Got Me". Avory responded by knocking down Davies with his hi-hat stand, rendering him unconscious. He then fled from the scene and Davies was taken to Cardiff Royal Infirmary, where he received 16 stitches to the head. Avory later claimed that it was part of a new act in which the band members would hurl their instruments at each other.
During the late 1960s the group steadily evolved, as Ray's songwriting skills developed and he began to lead the group in a new direction. The group abandoned the traditional R&B/blues sound and adopted a more nostalgic, reflective style of music, as showcased on songs like "Autumn Almanac" and "Waterloo Sunset", as well as their albums, such as Something Else by the Kinks and The Village Green Preservation Society.
Late 1960s and solo careerEdit
In July 1967, Dave Davies released his first solo single, credited entirely under his name, (although co-written by his brother) entitled "Death of a Clown". In the past, as a member of the Kinks, Dave Davies had only released his own compositions on B-sides and as part of albums. The Kinks' record label sensed potential sales in a solo release from the overlooked Davies and issued "Death of a Clown" as his debut. Although credited to Davies, it was technically a Kinks recording, as his backing band was the Kinks.
"Death of a Clown" rose to number three on the UK Singles Chart. Wanting to profit from the new buzz suddenly surrounding Davies, a solo LP was slated for release sometime in 1968 or 1969. The follow-up single, "Susannah's Still Alive", was released in November 1967; however, it only reached number 20 on the Melody Maker chart. The release of the solo album was held back, and it was decided to wait and see how another single would fare. As anticipation grew for the release of the new LP, it was nicknamed A Hole in the Sock Of. "Lincoln County" was chosen as the next single, but it failed to chart. By the time a fourth single, "Hold My Hand", met with the same result, a combination of his own lack of interest in continuing and Pye's decision to stop killed off any hopes of an album.
Eventually, the tracks intended for his first solo album were assembled for a 2011 compilation by Andrew Sandoval entitled Hidden Treasures. It combined the singles, B-sides that were released for various Kinks singles and a handful of album tracks that Davies had recorded for Kinks albums. Many of these tracks had been assembled previously for The Album That Never Was, released in 1987.
The Kinks Are the Village Green Preservation Society and Arthur were released in 1968 and 1969, respectively. Although they received unanimous acclaim, Village Green failed to chart internationally, and Arthur was met with a mediocre commercial reception. These records, although praised by critics and the rock press, were commercial failures.
"Lola", Muswell Hillbillies, and theatrical incarnationEdit
After Arthur, the Kinks made a comeback with their hit single "Lola" and the accompanying concept album Lola versus Powerman and the Moneygoround, Part One in 1970. Dave recorded two songs of his own for this LP, the acoustic "Strangers" and the hard-rocking "Rats". The rootsy Muswell Hillbillies, themed on country-rock and Americana, was released in late 1971 and was well-received with critics, but failed to sell strongly. The band's next five albums, Everybody's in Show-Biz, Preservation: Act 1, Preservation: Act 2, The Kinks Present A Soap Opera and Schoolboys in Disgrace, which added a large theatrical ensemble, were critical and commercial failures.
The Kinks left RCA Records in 1977, switching to Arista. The group shed all of the extra backing vocalists and brass instrumentalists that had accompanied them throughout their theatrical years, and reverted to a five-piece rock group again. Their debut LP for Arista was entitled Sleepwalker, and was a commercial and critical comeback for the group. It was the first album in what critics usually call the "arena rock" phase of the group, in which more commercial and mainstream production techniques would be employed. Dave later commented that he was glad to be back to more guitar-oriented songs, and he has listed Sleepwalker as one of his favourites.
1980s and onwardEdit
Davies saw the band through both success and failure, as they reached their commercial peak in the early 1980s. The group began adjusting their commercial methods, embracing the MTV culture that was selling records at the time. The music video for their 1982/83 single "Come Dancing" helped hoist the record to number 12 on the UK chart, and number 6 in the US — their biggest hit since "Tired of Waiting for You" in 1965.
The Kinks' popularity faltered in 1985, and soon their records ceased to chart altogether. Mick Avory left the band after the Kinks' last album for Arista, Word of Mouth, mainly due to the growing animosity between him and Dave Davies. Bob Henrit was brought in to take Avory's place. At the invitation of Ray Davies, Avory agreed to manage Konk Studios, where he also served as a producer and occasional contributor on later Kinks albums.
The group switched to MCA (US) and London (UK) records in late 1985, and began work on their next album, Think Visual. The record was released in 1986, but only reached number 81 on the Billboard charts. Critics were lukewarm towards it, and it did not receive significant radio play. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic.com later commented that the album "represented an artistic dead end for the Kinks, as Ray Davies continued to crank out a series of competent, but undistinguished hard rockers." Dave Davies contributed two songs to Think Visual, "Rock 'n' Roll Cities" and "When You were a Child".
The group recorded several more records for MCA, their last studio effort for them being 1989's UK Jive. It was received slightly better than Think Visual, but it failed to enter into the Top 100. Dave Davies contributed the song "Dear Margaret" to the vinyl record — the cassette and CD of the album also contained two further Dave Davies songs, "Bright Lights" and "Perfect Strangers".
The group left MCA and struggled to find a record label that would accept them. All four original members were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990, but this failed to revive their career. Eventually the Kinks signed to Columbia Records, who released their final studio album together, Phobia, on 13 April 1993. Despite publicity and press attention, the record was unsuccessful, peaking at number 166. Singles released failed to chart as well. To Phobia Davies contributed the songs "It's Alright (Don't Think About It)" and "Close to the Wire".
Columbia dropped the group in 1994, forcing them to retreat back to their old Konk Records. The group released To The Bone on the small independent Grapevine Records in 1994.
The Kinks took a break from recording and touring in 1996. Ray and Dave reunited onstage to perform "You Really Got Me" at the Islington Assembly Hall in London on 18 December 2015. Rolling Stone magazine called their performance "rousing".
Solo work, 1980s–present dayEdit
After the aborted solo effort, Davies's solo career was not revived until 1980, with the release of Dave Davies (AFL1-3603), which featured Davies performing all the instruments himself. The album, named after its own serial number, peaked at number 42 on the Billboard 200. He went on to release Glamour (1981), which charted at number 152. Davies brought in a back-up band to play with him on this record. Chosen People was released in 1983, but failed to crack the Billboard 200.
Davies released his first true solo studio album in twenty years, Bug, in 2002. Fractured Mindz followed in January 2007. It was also his first new studio effort since his stroke in the summer of 2004 besides the track "God in my Brain" (which was recorded and released on the compilation album Kinked in January 2006).
Two Worlds was recorded throughout 2010 by The Aschere Project, the production team of Dave Davies and his son Russ. Both members wrote, produced, and recorded all the tracks. About the album's genre, Dave stated "it's a mixture of rock, kinda classical and electronic music." In February 2010, Davies released an autobiographical DVD filmed by his other son, titled Mystical Journey. His planned US tour in support of the release was postponed per doctor's advice. It was announced in February 2013 that on 4 June 2013, Davies would be releasing his sixth studio album entitled I Will Be Me worldwide. Davies undertook a short tour of the US to promote the album. Davies performed his first UK show in thirteen years in February 2014. In October 2014, to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Kinks, a new album by Davies, with many tracks looking back to the start of the band, titled Rippin' Up Time was released. Davies appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon to promote the album in 2014. This episode was the highest rated Tonight Show episode in 2014.
In 2015, the Dave Davies solo album Rippin Up New York City was released on Red River Entertainment. He embarked on a solo tour to promote the album in the US in October and November. On 18 December, at his concert at the Islington Assembly Hall in London, he was joined onstage by Ray to perform the Kinks' hit "You Really Got Me" together. This marked the first time in nearly 20 years that the brothers had appeared and performed together.
Dave has continued to tour to acclaimed reviews in the US as of 2018.
Davies has played a number of guitars over time, the most recognizable of which is his Gibson Flying V. Davies bought it in 1965, and soon began appearing live and on TV performances with it. Davies was one of the few guitarists who played Flying Vs at the time. It was, in that period, out of issue due to lack of interest upon its 1958 test release, and models were numbered. Guitarists such as Lonnie Mack, Jimi Hendrix, Albert King and Davies himself helped stir interest in the instrument, and it would eventually become one of the signature guitars of the heavy metal era.
Davies commented on his Flying V:
I used to play a Guild custom built guitar and the airline lost it on our first American tour in '64 or '65. ... I had to get a replacement quick. I went into a store and they didn't have anything I liked. I saw this dusty old guitar case and I said "What have you got in there?" he said "Oh, that's just some silly old guitar." He got it out and I bought it for about $60.
Davies has played many other guitars throughout his career. He has played several models of Gibson Les Pauls over time, including a "Goldtop" model with P90 pickups and a black '78 model. On his website he lists the following:
- Gibson Les Paul - Standard, Custom, Deluxe, Artisan and Goldtop models
- Fender Elite Telecaster
- Fender American Standard Telecaster
- '63 Fender Telecaster sunburst (owned by Ray, used as Dave's main guitar between 1967-1969)
- '54 Fender Stratocaster
- Gibson Flying V
- Gibson L5-S
- Gibson L6-S
- Guild F-512 NT 12-string acoustic
- Harmony Meteor
Personal life and healthEdit
Davies was expelled from school at the age of 15 after being caught having sexual intercourse with his girlfriend, Sue Sheehan, on Hampstead Heath. Shortly thereafter, they were forced to separate by their respective families after Sheehan found out she was pregnant. Their relationship had a profound impact on Davies, who wrote a number of songs about their separation including "Funny Face", "Suzannah's Still Alive", and "Mindless Child of Motherhood". In 1967, Davies married Lisbet (a cousin of Pete Quaife's first wife, Annette) and they divorced in 1990. From that marriage, Davies has four sons: Martin, Simon, Christian, and Russell. His three children Daniel, Lana, and Eddie are from a relationship with Nancy Evans. Dave briefly reunited with Sue Sheehan in the late 90s.
Davies published an autobiography, entitled Kink, in 1996, in which he discussed a brief period of bisexuality in the late 1960s, which included brief relationships with Long John Baldry and music producer Michael Aldred. He also wrote of the tense professional relationship with his brother over the Kinks' career.
On 30 June 2004, Davies suffered a stroke while exiting an elevator at Broadcasting House, where he had been promoting his album, Bug. He was taken to University College Hospital in Euston. Davies was released from the hospital on 27 August. Davies said in a 2006 interview:
Suddenly the right hand side of my body seized up and I couldn't move my arm or leg. Although I didn't lose consciousness, I couldn't speak. Luckily my son Christian and my publicist were there, so they carried me outside and called an ambulance.— Dave Davies, Daily Mail, 10 October 2006.
By 2006, Davies had recovered enough to be able to walk, talk and play the guitar.
In September 2013 Rolling Stone magazine wrote about Davies and his girlfriend Rebecca G. Wilson. She contributed backing vocals to the songs "Front Room" and "King of Karaoke". Since 2014, Wilson has gone on tour as Dave's backup singer.
- Dave Davies (AFL1-3603) (1980) US Billboard No. 42
- Glamour (1981) US Billboard No. 152
- Chosen People (1983) US Billboard No. 202
- Bug (2002)
- Fractured Mindz (2007)
- I Will Be Me (2013)
- Rippin' Up Time (2014)
Live and compilation albumsEdit
- The Album That Never Was (1987)
- Unfinished Business (1999)
- Solo Live - Live Solo Performance at Marian College (2000)
- Rock Bottom - Live At The Bottom Line (2000)
- Bugged... Live! (2002)
- Transformation - Live at The Alex Theatre (2003 release from Meta Media)
- Transformation - Live at The Alex Theatre (2005 release on Angel Air)
- Kinked (2006 release on Koch Records)
- Belly Up (2008) - recorded live at the Belly Up Club in San Diego on 29 April 1997, which was at the start of the first major solo tour of the U.S. by Davies.
- Hidden Treasures (2011)-A compilation of the singles and unreleased tracks that Dave had recorded for his previously unreleased first solo album with various songs from Kinks b-sides.
- Rippin' Up New York City - Live At The Winery NYC" (2015)
- Decade (2018)
|Release date||Title||Chart positions|
|UK Singles Chart||US Billboard Hot 100||Australia||Belgium||Canada||Germany||Netherlands||New Zealand||Sweden||Norway|
|1967||"Death of a Clown"||3||31||5||3||2||10||7|
|January 1968||"Susannah's Still Alive"||20||18||27||10||18||3|
|July 1968||"Lincoln County"||15|
|January 1969||"Hold My Hand"|
Demo recordings (The Meta Media Demo Series)Edit
- Fortis Green (1999)
- Fragile (2001)
- Decade (2018)
Collaborations with Russ DaviesEdit
- Purusha and the Spiritual Planet (1998)
- Two Worlds by The Aschere Project (2010)
- Open Road (2017)
- "News". Rollingstone.com. 10 December 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- Kink: An Autobiography - Dave Davies. Books.google.com. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- X-Ray, The Unauthorized Autobiography, Ray Davies. ISBN 1-58567-939-9, ISBN 978-1-58567-939-3.
- Rogan, Johnny. The Complete Guide to the Music of the Kinks. Books.google.com. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "Interview with Mick Avory". Kastoffkinks.co.uk. 15 February 1944. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "The Kinks | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "Lyrics and Songwriting credits for "Death of a Clown"". Kindakinks.net. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- "Lyrics and Songwriting credits for "Strangers"". Kindakinks.net. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- "Profile of The Elpico Amp, By Dave Davies himself". Davedavies.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- "Article on Davies, "Kinks Alive", By John Swenson, 1997, United Press International". Kindakinks.net. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- Storyteller, Koch Records 2006
- "Chart positions". Kindakinks.net. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- The Kinks: All Day and All of the Night, Day-By-Day Concerts, Recordings, etc., by Doug Hinman
- "liner notes for T.A.T.N.W". Kindakinks.net. 19 October 1987. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- "Lyrics for "Susannah's Still Alive"". Kindakinks.net. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- Rolling Stone Review (Period) Archived 1 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "This Man He Laughs Tonight", interview with Dave Davies by Dave Schulps, Trouser Press, August 1980
- "Watch the Kinks' Ray and Dave Davies Reunite Onstage for 'You Really Got Me'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- "What's New". Dave Davies. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- Soteriou, Stephanie (27 February 2014). "The Kinks' Dave Davies for first UK show in 13 years". Digital Spy. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Dave Davies – The Kinks". Rock Guitar Miniatures. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Edwards, David (1 April 2011). "Those Sacred Days: DiS meets the Kinks' Dave Davies". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "What's New". Dave Davies. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "The Kinks' Ray and Dave Davies Reunite After 20 Years to Play "You Really Got Me"". Retrieved 4 January 2016.
- "Dave's Guitars & The Green Amp!". Davedavies.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- Zachary R. Fjestad; Larry Meiners. "Gibson Flying V". Books.google.com. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "Dave's Guitars & The Green Amp!". Davedavies.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- Thomas M. Kitts (2008). Ray Davies: Not Like Everybody Else. New York/Abingdon: Routledge. p. 4.
- "Interview". Kindakinks.net. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- Greene, Andy (25 September 2013). "Kinks May Tour, Says Dave Davies". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "Last Best Show: Dave Davies at the Wilbur". Boston Herald. 9 October 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 142. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- UK releases: "Lincoln County" and "Hold My Hand" were UK/European releases and were not released as singles in the U.S.