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The Dauphine of France (/ˈdɔːfn, dɔːˈfn/, also US: /ˈdfn, dˈfn/, French: [dofin]) was the wife of the Dauphin of France (the heir apparent to the French throne). The position was analogous to the Princess of Wales (the wife of the heir apparent to the British throne).

Contents

List of Dauphines of FranceEdit

House of ValoisEdit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Dauphine Ceased to be Dauphine Death Husband
  Joan of Bourbon
[1][2][3]
Peter I, Duke of Bourbon
(Bourbon)
3 February 1338 8 April 1350 22 August 1350
husband became the Dauphin
8 April 1364
became Queen
6 February 1378 Charles, 1st Dauphin
  Margaret of Burgundy
[1][4]
John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy
(Valois-Burgundy)
1393 31 August 1412 18 December 1415
husband's death
2 February 1441 Louis, 6th Dauphin
  Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut
[1][3][5][6][7]
William II, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
16 August 1401 6 August 1415 18 December 1415
husband became the Dauphin
4 April 1417
husband's death
8 October 1436 John, 7th Dauphin
  Margaret Stewart of Scotland
[1]
James I of Scotland
(Stewart)
25 December 1424 24 June 1436 16 August 1445 Louis, 9th Dauphin
  Charlotte of Savoy
[1]
Louis, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
11 November 1443/5 14 February 1451 22 July 1461
became Queen
1 December 1483
  Catherine de' Medici
[1][8]
Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino
(Medici)
13 April 1519 28 October 1533 10 August 1536
husband became the Dauphin
31 March 1547
became Queen
5 January 1589 Henry, 16th Dauphin
  Mary, Queen of Scots
[1]
James V of Scotland
(Stewart)
8 December 1542 24 April 1558 10 July 1559
became Queen
8 February 1587 Francis, 17th Dauphin

House of BourbonEdit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Dauphine Ceased to be Dauphine Death Husband
  Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
[1]
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
28 November 1660 7 March 1680 20 April 1690 Louis,
"le Grand Dauphin", 20th Dauphin
  Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
[1][9]
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
(Savoy)
6 December 1685 7 December 1697 14 April 1711
husband became the Dauphin
12 February 1712 Louis,
"le Petit Dauphin", 21st Dauphin
  Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain
[1]
Philip V of Spain
(Bourbon)
11 June 1726 23 February 1745 22 July 1746 Louis, 24th Dauphin
  Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
[1]
Augustus III of Poland
(Wettin)
4 November 1731 9 February 1747 20 December 1765
husband death
13 March 1767
  Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria
[1][5]
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg-Lorraine)
2 November 1755 16 May 1770 10 May 1774
became Queen
16 October 1793 Louis Auguste, 25th Dauphin
  Princess Marie Thérèse of France
[1][10]
Louis XVI of France
(Bourbon)
19 December 1778 10 June 1799 16 September 1824
husband became the Dauphin
2 August 1830
became Queen
19 October 1851 Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit