Data Documentation Initiative
The Data Documentation Initiative (also known as DDI) is an international standard for describing surveys, questionnaires, statistical data files, and social sciences study-level information. This information is described as metadata by the standard.
|Data Documentation Initiative Metadata Standard|
|Latest version||DDI 3.3|
April 15, 2020
|Committee||Scientific Board and Technical Committee|
|Domain||Questionnaires Metadata Standard Statistical survey|
|License||Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International|
Begun in 1995, the effort brings together data professionals from around the world to develop the standard. The DDI specification, most often expressed in XML, provides a format for content, exchange, and preservation of questionnaire and data file information. DDI supports the description, storage, and distribution of social science data, creating an international specification that is machine-actionable and web-friendly.
Version 2 (also called "Codebook") of the DDI standard has been implemented in the Dataverse data repository and the data archives of the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. The latest version 3.3 (also called "Lifecycle") of the DDI standard was released in 2020.
- CSM's XCONVERT
- IHSN Microdata Management Toolkit
- Nesstar Publisher
- SDA to XML
- The Dataverse Project