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The Lut Desert, widely referred to as Dasht-e Lut (Persian: دشت لوت‎, "Emptiness Plain"), is a large salt desert located in the provinces of Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran. It is the world's 27th-largest desert, and was inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List on July 17, 2016.[1] The surface of its sand has been measured at temperatures as high as 70 °C (159 °F),[2][3] making it one of the world's driest and hottest places.

Dasht-e Lut
Desert
Sand castles - Dasht-e Lut desert - Kerman.JPG
So-called "sand castles" in the Dasht-e Lut near Kerman, Iran
Country Iran
Coordinates 30°36′18″N 59°04′04″E / 30.60500001°N 59.0677777878°E / 30.60500001; 59.0677777878Coordinates: 30°36′18″N 59°04′04″E / 30.60500001°N 59.0677777878°E / 30.60500001; 59.0677777878
Length 480 km (298 mi)
Width 320 km (199 mi)
Area 51,800 km2 (20,000 sq mi)
Biome Desert
Dasht-e Lut is located in Iran
Dasht-e Lut
Location within Iran
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Criteria Natural: (vii), (viii) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 1505
Inscription 2016 (40th Session)
University of Montana scientists found Iran's Loot Desert reached the hottest temperature of anywhere on Earth between 2003 and 2009.
Map of biotopes of Iran
  Forest steppe
  Forests and woodlands
  Semi-desert
  Desert lowlands
  Steppe
  Salted alluvial marshes

Contents

DescriptionEdit

Iran is climatically part of the Afro-Asian belt of deserts, which stretches from the Cape Verde islands off West Africa all the way to Mongolia near Beijing, China. The patchy, elongated, light-colored feature in the foreground (parallel to the mountain range) is the northernmost of the Dasht dry lakes that stretch southward 300 kilometers (190 mi). In near-tropical deserts, elevated areas capture most precipitation. As a result, the desert is largely an abiotic zone.

Iran's geography consists of a plateau surrounded by mountains and divided into drainage basins. Dasht-e Loot is one of the largest of these desert basins, 480 kilometers (300 mi) long and 320 kilometers (200 mi) wide,[4] and is considered to be one of the driest places on Earth.[5][6][7]

Area of the desert is about 51,800 square kilometres (20,000 sq mi).[8] The other large basin is the Dasht-e Kavir. During the spring wet season, water briefly flows down from the Kerman mountains, but it soon dries up, leaving behind only rocks, sand, and salt.

The eastern part of Dasht-e Loot is a low plateau covered with salt flats. In contrast, the center has been sculpted by the wind into a series of parallel ridges and furrows, extending over 150 km (93 mi) and reaching 75 metres (246 ft) in height.[4] This area is also riddled with ravines and sinkholes. The southeast is a vast expanse of sand, like a Saharan erg, with dunes 300 metres (980 ft) high, among the tallest in the world.[4]

Hottest land surfaceEdit

Measurements of MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA's Aqua satellite from 2003 to 2010 testify that the hottest land surface on Earth is located in Dasht-e Lut and land surface temperatures reach here 70.7 °C (159.3 °F), though the air temperature is cooler.[5][6][7][9][10][11] Precision of measurements is 0.5 K to 1 K.[12][13]

The hottest part of Dasht-e Loot is Gandom Beryan, a large plateau covered in dark lava, approximately 480 square kilometres (190 sq mi) in area.[14] According to a local legend, the name (in translation from Persian — "Toasted wheat") originates from an accident where a load of wheat was left in the desert which was then scorched by the heat in a few days.


 
This space image is centered on the Namak-Zar region of Dasht-E-Lut (Lut Desert) (30.5N, 58.5E) . The photo includes sand dunes and the Yardang type formations

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lut Desert". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Mildrexler, D.; M. Zhao; S. W. Running (October 2006). "Where Are the Hottest Spots on Earth?". EOS. 87 (43): 461, 467. doi:10.1002/eost.v87.43. 
  3. ^ Mildrexler, D.; M. Zhao; S. W. Running (2011). "Satellite Finds Highest Land Skin Temperatures on Earth". Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 92: 850–860. doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3067.1. 
  4. ^ a b c editors, Richard L. Scheffel, Susan J. Wernert ; writers, Oliver E. Allen ...; et al. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. The Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-89577-087-5. 
  5. ^ a b Satellites seek global hot spots / The Christian Science Monitor - CSMonitor.com
  6. ^ a b Temperature of Earth
  7. ^ a b Images of the Day - Images - redOrbit
  8. ^ Wright, John W. (ed.) (2006). The New York Times Almanac (2007 ed.). New York, New York: Penguin Books. p. 456. ISBN 978-0-14-303820-7. 
  9. ^ The Hottest Spot on Earth : Image of the Day
  10. ^ Weather Iran (in Persian)
  11. ^ PressTV Iran Archived September 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ MOD 11 - Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity, MODIS Website
  13. ^ Zhengming Wan (April 1999) MODIS Land-Surface Temperature Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (LST ATBD) Version 3.3
  14. ^ A Journey To Earth's Hottest Point

External linksEdit