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The Darkhad, Darqads, Dalhut, or Darhut (Mongolian for "Untouchables", "Protected Ones", or "Workmen of Darkhan"; Chinese: 达尔扈特, pinyin: Dá'ěrhùtè) are a subgroup of Mongol people living mainly in northern Mongolia, in the Bayanzürkh, Ulaan-Uul, Renchinlkhümbe, Tsagaannuur sums of Khövsgöl Province; as well as Inner Mongolia in northern China. The Darkhad valley is named after them. The regional variant of Mongol language is the Darkhad dialect. In the 2000 census, 16,268 people identified themselves as Darkhad.
|Regions with significant populations|
|Darkhad dialect of Mongolian|
|Mongolian shamanism, Tibetan Buddhism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Mongolized Turkic peoples/Tuvans, Mongols, Khalkha Mongols|
The Darkhad were originally part of the Oirat or Khotgoid tribes. Between 1549 and 1686, they were subjects of Zasagt Khan aimag and the Khotgoid Altan Khan. In 1786 they became part of the Jebtsundamba Khutuktu's shabi otog. At roughly the same time they became known as Black Darkhad.
In 1947, 2071 people from 462 households were eligible to be Darkhad. They were liable for maintaining the Great Khan's mausoleum at their own expense prior to the erection of a permanent government-owned structure in 1954–6. The Darkhad believe they are the direct descendants of the soul guards of Genghis Khan.
Many Darkhad practise shamanism.
- National Census 2010 Archived September 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
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- Bayar (2007), p. 211.
- Xinhua (8 Aug 2006), "Genghis Khan's Mausoleum Holds Grand Memorial Ceremony", Official site, Beijing: China Internet Information CenterCS1 maint: ref duplicates default (link).
- Grollova I. and Zikmundova V., Mongolians the great grandchildren of Chinggiskhan, Triton, Prague 2001
- Nielsen, Mads Vesterager (2021-03-18). "Meeting the Darkhad, the soul guards of Genghis Khan". SupChina. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
- Bayar, Nasan (2007), "On Chinggis Khan and Being Like a Buddha: A Perspective on Cultural Conflation in Contemporary Inner Mongolia", The Mongolia–Tibet Interface: Opening New Research Terrains in Inner Asia, Brill's Tibetan Studies Library, Vol. 10/9, Proceedings of the 10th Seminar of the IATS, Oxford, 2003, Leiden: Brill, pp. 197–222, ISBN 9789004155213.