Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah
Dār al-Iftā' al-Miṣriyyah (Arabic: دار الإفتاء المصرية) is an Egyptian Islamic educational institute and government body established as a centre for Islam and Islamic legal research in Egypt in 1313 AH / 1895 CE. It offers Muslims religious guidance and education through the issuing of fatwas on issues of religious law related to issues facing modern Muslims.
Dār al-Iftā' draws upon the Qur’an and Prophetic literature, and consults the opinions of jurists throughout history to help Muslims live their lives according to the principles of Islam so they may find happiness in this life and obtain the best reward in the afterlife.
Status of Dar al-IftaEdit
Since it was first established, Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah has been the premier institute to represent Islam and the international flagship for Islamic legal research. It fulfills its historic and civil role by keeping contemporary Muslim in touch with religious principles, clarifying the right way, removing doubts concerning religious and worldly life, and revealing religious laws for new issues of contemporary life.
Dar al-Ifta al Misriyyah is among the pillars of the religious foundations in Egypt which include Al-Azhar Al-Sharif, Al-Azhar University, Ministry of Religious Endowments, and Dar al-Ifta al-Misryyah. It plays a significant role in giving rulings to the masses and consultation for the judiciary in Egypt.
Dar al-Ifta al Misryyah started as one of the divisions of the Egyptian Ministry of Justice. In view of its consultancy role, capital punishment sentences among others are referred to the Dar al-Ifta al-Misryyah seeking the opinion of the Grand Mufti concerning these punishments. The role of Dar al-Ifta does not stop at this point; it is not limited by domestic boundaries but extends beyond Egypt covering the entire Islamic world.
This leading role is best expressed by its records of fatawa from its inception until the present day. Dar al-Ifta receives inquires from all over the Islamic world, as well as foreign students of Islamic law for training.This leadership developed from Dar al-Ifta's role as scholarly reference and for adopting a moderate methodology in understanding rulings derived from the inherited Fiqh (Eng. Jurisprudence) creating a consistency between Islamic law and the needs of the society.
In keeping pace with the huge developments in the field of communications, Dar al-Ifta undertakes huge tasks imposed by the qualitative transition brought about by the new era of means of communications and transportations.
- (1895 - 1899) Shaykh Hassunah al-Nawawi
- (1899 - 1905) Imam Shaykh Muhammad Abduh
- (Nov 1905) Shaykh Abdel Kader El Rafei
- (1905 - 1914) Shaykh Bakri al-Sadafi
- (1914 - 1920) Shaykh Muhammad Bakhit al-Muti`i
- (Jul 1920 - Nov 1920) Shaykh Muhammad Isma`il al-Bardisi
- (1921 - 1928) Shaykh `Abd al-Rahman Qurra`ah
- (1928 - 1945) Shaykh `Abd al-Majid Salim
- (1946 - 1950) Shaykh Hasanayn Muhammad Makhluf
- (1950 - 1952) Shaykh `Allam Nassar
- (1952 - 1954) 2nd term : Shaykh Hasanayn Muhammad Makhluf
- (1955 - 1960) Shaykh Hasan Ma'mun
- (1960 - 1970) Shaykh Ahmad Muhammad `Abd al-`Al Haridi
- (1970 - 1978) Shaykh Muhammad Khatir Muhhammad al-Shaykh
- (1978 - 1982) Shaykh Jad al-Haqq `Ali Jad al-Haqq
- (1982 - 1985) Shaykh `Abd al-Latif `Abd al-Ghani Hamzah
- (1986 - 1996) Dr. Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy
- (1996 - 2002) Dr. Nasr Farid Wasil
- (2002 - 2003) Dr. Mohamed Ahmed el-Tayeb
- (Sep 2003 - Feb 2013) Professor Dr. Ali Gomaa
- (Feb 2013 - present) Shaykh Shawki Ibrahim Abdel-Karim Allam
- "Ramadan in Saudi Arabia". The Economist. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
- "دار الإفتاء المصرية - عن الدار". Dar al-Ifta al Misriyyah. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
- "Grand Mufti of Egypt". The African World. London, England: 82. November 18, 1905.
The Grand Mufti of Egypt, Sheik Abdel Kader El Rafei, who had only been appointed to the high religious post a couple of days previously, died last Friday night while driving from the house of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Boutros Pacha Ghali, to that of Mazloum Pacha the Finance Minister. He had just concluded a series of official visits which proved too fatiguing for his years, and he died from heart failure. Deceased, who was seventy-five years of age, enjoyed a great reputation for piety and learning. A successor has been found in Sheik Bakri Ashour, the acting Grand Cadi.