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Danjong of Joseon (9 August 1441 – 24 December 1457, reigned 1452–1455) was the sixth king of the Joseon Dynasty. He was forced to abdicate by his uncle, who became Sejo of Joseon, and exiled to Yeongwol County, where he was later put to death and his remains are buried.[1]

Yi Hong-wi
King of Joseon
Reign14 May 1452 – 11 June 1455
PredecessorMunjong of Joseon
SuccessorSejo of Joseon
Born9 August 1441
Died24 December 1457(1457-12-24) (aged 16)
Yeongwol County, Gangwon Province, Joseon
SpouseQueen Jeongsun
Posthumous name
King Danjong Gongeui Onmun Sunjeong Anjang Gyungsun Donhyo the Great of Korea
단종공의온문순정안장경순돈효대왕
端宗恭懿溫文純定安莊景順敦孝大王
Temple name
Danjong
HouseJeonju Yi
FatherMunjong of Joseon
MotherQueen Hyeondeok
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationDanjong
McCune–ReischauerTanchong
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationI Hong-wi
McCune–ReischauerI Hongwi

Contents

BiographyEdit

The day after his birth, his mother, Queen Hyeondeok (1418 ~ 1441), died in childbirth.

King Danjong succeeded his father, Munjong of Joseon, at the age of 12. Since he was too young to rule, the government of the kingdom fell to the premier, Hwangbo In, and his vice-premier, General Kim Jong-seo, with his sister, Princess Gyeonghye acting as his guardian.[2]

In 1453, this government was overthrown in a coup led by the king's uncle, Sejo of Joseon, who persuaded a number of scholars and officials who had served in the court of Sejong the Great to support his claim to the throne. Hwangbo In and Kim Jong-seo were seized and murdered in front of the gate of Gyeongbokgung; in 1455 Danjong was forced to abdicate and exiled to Yeongwol County.

The following year, six officials of the court attempted to restore him to power, but their plot was discovered and they were immediately executed. Perceiving that he would present a continuing threat to his rule, Sejo then accepted the advice of the court and ordered that Danjong be disposed of. In 1457, he was put to death at his place of exile.

Danjong had been stripped of his title at the time he was exiled, and was afterwards referred to as "Prince Nosan" (노산군). In the reign of King Sukjong, scholars at his court proposed that his title be restored, and in 1698, the demoted Prince Nosan was posthumously restored, receiving the posthumous name of "Danjong", and thereafter was referred to as King Danjong.

FamilyEdit

  1. Queen Jeongsun of the Yeosan Song clan (1440 – 7 July 1521) (정순왕후 송씨)[3][4][5][6]
  2. Consort Suk-Ui of the Sangsan Kim clan (1440 – February 1525) (숙의 김씨)
  3. Consort Suk-Ui of the Andong Kwon clan (? – 1519) (숙의 권씨)

His full posthumous nameEdit

  • King Danjong Gongeui Onmun Sunjeong Anjang Gyungsun Donhyo the Great of Korea
  • 단종공의온문순정안장경순돈효대왕
  • 端宗恭懿溫文純定安莊景順敦孝大王

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lee, Jeong-bong (1 June 2011). "A hamlet rich in history and art". Joongang Daily. Archived from the original on 16 February 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
  2. ^ An, Seung-jun (4 April 2014). "Forgotten story of Princess Gyeonghye". Korea Times. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  3. ^ Was demoted to Princess Consort following her husband's deposition & demotion. Restored back on 6 November 1698
  4. ^ Daughter of Song Hyeon-soo (송현수), Internal Prince Yeoryang (여량부원군); and Lady Yeoheung, Princess Consort to the Internal Prince, of the Yeoheung Min clan (여흥부부인 민씨). Younger sister of Song Geo (송거). Granddaughter of Song Bok-won (송복원). Niece of Song Jeong-soo (송정수). Cousin of Song Yeong (송영).
  5. ^ Also, niece of Grand Prince Yeongeung's Princess Consort
  6. ^ Married on 22 January 1454
Danjong of Joseon
Born: 9 August 1441 Died: 24 December 1457
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Munjong
King of Joseon
14 May 1452 – 11 June 1455
Succeeded by
Sejo