Daniyal Akhmetov

Daniyal Kenjetaiuly Akhmetov (Kazakh: Даниал Кенжетайұлы Ахметов, Danıal Kenjetaıuly Ahmetov; born 15 June 1954) is a Kazakh politician who was the 6th Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from 13 June 2003 to 9 January 2007.[1]

Daniyal Akhmetov
Даниал Ахметов
Danial Akhmetov.png
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
13 June 2003 – 8 January 2007
Acting: 11 June 2003 – 13 June 2003
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
First DeputyAlexander Pavlov
(2002–2004)
Grigori Marchenko
(2004)
Preceded byImangali Tasmagambetov
Succeeded byKarim Massimov
First Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
21 December 2000 – 21 November 2001
Prime MinisterKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Preceded byAleksandr Pavlov
Succeeded byAleksandr Pavlov (2002)
Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
12 October 1999 – 21 December 2000
Prime MinisterKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Minister of Defense
In office
10 January 2007 – 17 June 2009
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Prime MinisterKarim Massimov
Preceded byMukhtar Altynbayev
Succeeded byAdilbek Zhaksybekov
Äkim of East Kazakhstan Region
Assumed office
11 November 2014
Preceded byBerdibek Saparbayev
Äkim of Pavlodar Region
In office
21 November 2001 – 11 June 2003
Preceded byGalymzhan Zhakiyanov
Succeeded byQairat Nurpeisov
In office
19 January 1993 – 19 December 1997
Preceded byAsygat Jabagin
Succeeded byGalymzhan Zhakiyanov
Äkim of North Kazakhstan Region
In office
19 December 1997 – 12 October 1999
Preceded byVladimir Gartman
Succeeded byQajymurat Nagymanov
Personal details
Born (1954-06-15) 15 June 1954 (age 66)
Pavlodar, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
NationalityKazakh
Political partyNur Otan

Critics refer to him as "The Terminator", a nickname he gained as the akim of Pavlodar Region for his actions in suppressing supporters of Galymzhan Zhakiyanov, the previous äkim.[2] On 8 January 2007, he resigned as Prime Minister. He did not say why, but President Nursultan Nazarbayev had criticized him in 2006 for overspending and other administrative errors.[3] President Nazarbayev accepted his resignation, and immediately appointed him Acting Prime Minister.[4]

Akhmetov was included as Minister of Defense in the government that took office on 10 January 2007. He was dismissed from that post in June 2009. On 11 November 2014, he was appointed as the äkim of the East Kazakhstan Region.

Early life and careerEdit

Akhmetov was born in the city of Pavlodar in the Kazakh SSR. In 1976, he graduated from the Pavlodar State University with a degree in civil engineering.[5]

After graduating, Akhmetov began his career as a foreman, then worked as a foreman at the house-building plant of the Pavlodarzhilstroy trust. In 1981, he became the deputy chief engineer at the construction site of the Ekibastuzshakhtastroy Combine. From 1983, he served as a deputy chairman of the Executive Committee of the Ekibastuz City Council of People's Deputies. In 1991, Akhmetov became the manager of the EkibastuzEnergoZhilPromStroy trust.[5]

Early political careerEdit

From 1992, Akhmetov was head of the Ekibastuz City Administration and in 19 January 1993, he was appointed as the äkim of Pavlodar Region.[6] He served that position before becoming the äkim of North Kazakhstan Region on 19 December 1997.[7]

On 12 October 1999, Akhmetov was appointed as the Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan under Tokayev's cabinet and from 21 December 2000, he served as the First Deputy Prime Minister.[8][9] There, Akhmetov was in charge of industry, agriculture, transport and communications, migration and demographic policy.[1] He was reappointed again as the äkim of North Kazakhstan on 21 November 2001 after his predecessor Galymzhan Zhakiyanov was dismissed after joining the opposition by helping to form the Democratic Choice of Kazakhstan.[10]

Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (2003–2006)Edit

AppointmentEdit

President Nursultan Nazarbayev nominated Akhmetov as Prime Minister at a joint session of parliament on 13 June 2003. Nazarbayev gave a speech saying the PM needed to have experience in provincial government because the nation needed to speed up the pace of social and economic development. Akmetov was approved by 36 of 39 senators and 73 of 77 members of the Mazhilis to form the 28th government of Kazakhstan.[1]

Akhmetov told the parliament he wanted continuity in policy despite the change in government, and said that Kazakhstan is "building a state governed by the rule of law where everyone has the right to freedom of conscience and expression, but that everyone should work within the law." He said there should not be dissidence, only constructive dialogue and mutual understanding, and called for everyone to engage in presidential economic programs.[1]

Petroleum law changesEdit

Akhmetov worked to change Kazakhstan's petroleum laws despite strong opposition from foreign companies. In May 2004, he received a letter from 47 foreign oil companies, including ChevronTexaco, ExxonMobil, Shell, the BG Group, and ENI, complaining that the proposed changes would negatively affect future investment. The companies specifically took issue with local content requirements, which were described as "unnecessarily burdensome" and that a requirement for KMG to own at least 50% of any development "may not be advisable in all circumstances."[11]

Kazakhstan-South Korea relationsEdit

Akhmetov met with South Korean Prime Minister Han Myeong Sook on 23 September 2006 in Astana and signed several bilateral agreements enhancing economic ties. The Government of South Korea agreed to invest an additional $2 billion in joint projects in the energy, uranium-extraction, construction, transportation, and banking sectors. Akhmetov offered South Korea the option of participating in developing a new type of nuclear reactor. South Korean investors have stakes in more than 300 Kazakhstan-based companies. Han invited Nazarbayev to visit South Korea in 2007. Han was in Kazakhstan until 24 September. She then traveled to Uzbekistan.[12]

Kazakhstan-Tatarstan relationsEdit

Akhmetov met with Rustam Minnikhanov, the Prime Minister of the Autonomous Republic of Tatarstan, in Astana on 13 October 2006. They discussed creating a joint venture that would build helicopters, Kazakh government investment in petrochemical businesses in Tatarstan, and constructing a highway to western China that would connect St. Petersburg to Moscow, Kazan, Orenburg, Kyzylorda, Shymkent, and Korgas in Xinjiang, China. Akhmetov called the proposed highway "the shortest road link between Europe and China." Iskender Muflikhanov, aide to Prime Minister Minnikhanov, said the Tatar government had "great hopes with regard to the shipping, or the assembling [in Kazakhstan] of KamAZ trucks. Work in under way on this West-South highway project in Kazakhstan and, as a rule, our KamAZ trucks are irreplaceable for projects of that magnitude."[13]

2007 political shakeupEdit

Nazarbayev nominated Karim Massimov, who at the time served as Deputy PM, to succeed Akhmetov as PM on 9 January 2007. Akhmetov resigned on 8 January without explanation. Analysts attributed Akhmetov's political downfall to the President's criticism of his administrative oversight of the economy.[14][15] The Parliament confirmed the nomination on 10 January. Akhmetov was appointed as Defense Minister, replacing Mukhtar Altynbayev.[16]

Post-PremiershipEdit

Akhmetov continued to serve as the Defense Minister under Massimov's government until being relieved from his post on 17 June 2009.[17] In December 2010, it was revealed that Akhmetov headed a company in the field of ecological energy and did not want to return to politics, KazTAG reported. According to the agency, Akhmetov was pleased with such changes in his life, since he began to spend more time with his family and friends. He also led a halthy lifestyle and was engaged in cycling. Akhmetov also denied rumors that he allegedly wanted to shoot himself after resignation.[18]

On 21 December 2011, he was appointed a member of the Board for Energy and Infrastructure of the Eurasian Economic Commission.[19]

Since 11 November 2014, he's been serving as the äkim of East Kazakhstan Region.[20][21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d New Kazakh Prime Minister chosen Archived 2007-03-11 at the Wayback Machine Templeton Thorp
  2. ^ New Kazakh Government Formed, Sets Out Priorities. RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  3. ^ Oil-rich Kazakhstan's prime minister resigns Associated Press
  4. ^ Kazakhstan Premier Danial Ahmedov resigns Archived 2007-01-11 at the Wayback Machine Hindustan Times
  5. ^ a b "Ахметов Даниал Кенжетаевич ▷ биография, фото, должность". kapital.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-09-10.
  6. ^ Первый Президент Республики Казахстан Нурсултан Назарбаев. Хроника деятельности. 1992–1993 годы (PDF) (in Russian). Astana: Деловой Мир Астана. 2011. pp. 161, 549. ISBN 978-601-7259-61-7.
  7. ^ Первый Президент Республики Казахстан Нурсултан Назарбаев. Хроника деятельности. 1996–1997 годы (PDF) (in Russian). Astana: Деловой Мир Астана. 2010. pp. 305, 513. ISBN 978-601-7259-21-1.
  8. ^ Первый Президент Республики Казахстан Нурсултан Назарбаев. Хроника деятельности. 1998–1999 годы (PDF) (in Russian). Astana: Деловой Мир Астана. 2010. pp. 274, 479. ISBN 978-601-7259-20-4.
  9. ^ Первый Президент Республики Казахстан Нурсултан Назарбаев. Хроника деятельности. 2000 год (PDF) (in Russian). Astana: Деловой Мир Астана. 2010. pp. 144, 230. ISBN 978-601-7259-17-4.
  10. ^ Sysoev, Gennadi (2004-05-07). "Kazakhstan's Democratic Choice, the leading party of the opposition, is officially registered". Fergananews.Com. Retrieved 2020-09-10.
  11. ^ KAZAKHSTAN - Decision Makers - Daniyal Akhmetov. All Business
  12. ^ Kazakhstan, South Korea Vow To Boost Ties Archived 2006-09-28 at the Wayback Machine BakuTODAY
  13. ^ Kazakhstan, Tatarstan Discuss Joint Economic Projects RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  14. ^ Kazakhstan moves to name new PM United Press International
  15. ^ Oil-rich Kazakhstan's prime minister resigns USA Today
  16. ^ "Kazakhstan appoints new PM". Television New Zealand. 10 January 2007. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  17. ^ ТОГУЗБАЕВ, Казис (2009-06-18). "Даниал Ахметов оставил за собой в армии взрывы бомб и шлейф коррупционных скандалов". Радио Азаттык (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-09-10.
  18. ^ tengrinews.kz (2010-12-24). "Даниал Ахметов возглавил компанию в сфере экологической энергетики". Главные новости Казахстана - Tengrinews.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-09-10.
  19. ^ Konyrova, K. (2011-12-28). "Kazakh former PM appointed to new position". Trend.Az. Retrieved 2020-09-10.
  20. ^ "Даниал Ахметов назначен акимом Восточно-Казахстанской области". www.forbes.kz (in Russian). 2014-11-11. Retrieved 2020-09-10.
  21. ^ "Даниал Ахметов стал акимом Восточно-Казахстанской области". Радио Азаттык (in Russian). 2014-11-11. Retrieved 2020-09-10.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Berdibek Saparbayev
Akim of East Kazakhstan Region
2014–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Imangali Tasmagambetov
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
2003-2007
Succeeded by
Karim Massimov