Daniel Joseph Levitin, FRSC (born December 27, 1957) is an American-Canadian cognitive psychologist, neuroscientist, writer, musician, and record producer. Levitin holds three academic appointments: he is James McGill Professor Emeritus of psychology and behavioral neuroscience at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, where he is an Associate member in music theory, computer science, neurology and neurosurgery, and education; Founding Dean of Arts & Humanities at The Minerva Schools at KGI; and a Distinguished Faculty Fellow at the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. From 2000 to 2017, he was Director of the Laboratory for Music Perception, Cognition, and Expertise at McGill. An accomplished public speaker, his TED talk has been viewed more than 16 million times. He is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, a fellow of the Psychonomic Society, and a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (FRSC). He has appeared frequently as a guest commentator on NPR and CBC.
Daniel J. Levitin
Levitin in 2015
|Born||December 27, 1957|
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
Berklee College of Music
Stanford University (B.A., 1992)
University of Oregon (MSc, 1993; PhD, 1996).
|Known for||Levitin effect, This Is Your Brain on Music, The World in Six Songs, The Organized Mind, A Field Guide to Lies|
|Awards||See "Awards" section|
|Fields||Music cognition, cognitive neuroscience of music, cognitive psychology|
|Academic advisors||Roger Shepard, Michael Posner, Douglas Hintzman, John R. Pierce, Stephen Palmer|
|Notable students||Catherine Guastavino, Susan Rogers, Parag Chordia|
Levitin is the author of four consecutive #1 best-selling books, This Is Your Brain on Music: The Science of a Human Obsession (2006), The World in Six Songs: How the Musical Brain Created Human Nature (2008), The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload (2014) and A Field Guide to Lies: Critical Thinking in the Information Age (2016). He has published scientific articles on absolute pitch, music cognition, and neuroscience.
Levitin worked as a music consultant, producer and sound designer on albums by Blue Öyster Cult, Chris Isaak, Joni Mitchell and Joe Satriani among others; produced punk bands including MDC and The Afflicted; and served as a consultant on albums by artists including Steely Dan, Stevie Wonder, and Michael Brook; and as a recording engineer for Santana, Jonathan Richman, O.J. Ekemode and the Nigerian Allstars, and The Grateful Dead. Records and CDs to which he has contributed have sold in excess of 30 million copies.
Biography and educationEdit
Born in San Francisco, the son of Lloyd Levitin, a businessman and professor, and Sonia Levitin, a novelist. Levitin was raised in Daly City, Moraga, and Palos Verdes, California. He graduated after his junior year at Palos Verdes High School and attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he studied applied mathematics; he enrolled at the Berklee College of Music before dropping out of college to join a succession of bands, work as a record producer, and help found a record label, 415 Records. He returned to school in his thirties, studying cognitive psychology/cognitive science first at Stanford University where he received a BA degree in 1992 (with honors and highest university distinction) and then to the University of Oregon where he received an MSc degree in 1993 and a PhD degree in 1996. He completed post-doctoral fellowships at Paul Allen's Silicon Valley think-tank Interval Research, at the Stanford University Medical School, and at the University of California, Berkeley. His scientific mentors included Roger Shepard, Michael Posner, Douglas Hintzman, John R. Pierce, and Stephen Palmer. He has been a visiting professor at the University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University, Dartmouth College, and Oregon Health Sciences University.
As a cognitive neuroscientist specializing in music perception and cognition, he is credited for fundamentally changing the way that scientists think about auditory memory, showing through the Levitin Effect, that long-term memory preserves many of the details of musical experience that previous theorists regarded as lost during the encoding process. He is also known for drawing attention to the role of cerebellum in music listening, including tracking the beat and distinguishing familiar from unfamiliar music.
Outside of his academic pursuits, Levitin has worked on and off as a stand-up comedian and joke writer, performing at the Democratic National Convention in San Francisco with Robin Williams in 1984, and at comedy clubs in California; he placed second in the National Lampoon stand-up comedy competition regionals in San Francisco in 1989, and has contributed jokes to Jay Leno, Arsenio Hall, as well as the nationally syndicated comic strip Bizarro, some of which were included in the 2006 compilation Bizarro and Other Strange Manifestations of the Art of Dan Piraro (Andrews McMeel).
Levitin began playing piano at age 4, and took up clarinet at age 8, and bass clarinet and saxophone at age 12. From ages 12 – 14 he wrote arrangements for and conducted the school pep band, jazz band, and concert band at Joaquin Moraga Junior High School, in Moraga, CA, performing at civic functions and on the local CBS television affiliate, KPIX Channel 5. He continued playing saxophone (tenor and baritone) in high school, and at age 17 performed on baritone with the big band backing up Mel Tormé at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium. Levitin took up guitar at age 16, and has been a member of a number of bands, including The Alsea River Band (lead guitar), The Mortals (bass), Judy Garland (bass), The Shingles (lead guitar), Slings & Arrows (bass), JD Buhl (bass and guitar) —and also played on recording sessions for Blue Öyster Cult, the soundtrack to Repo Man, and True West. He continues to perform regularly and has appeared on saxophone with Sting, Ben Sidran, and Bobby McFerrin, on guitar with Rosanne Cash, Blue Öyster Cult, Rodney Crowell, Michael Brook, Gary Lucas, Victor Wooten, Steve Bailey, Peter Case, Peter Himmelman, Lenny Kaye, Jessie Farrell, and David Byrne; and on vocals with Renée Fleming, Neil Young and Rosanne Cash. In Fall 2017 he toured the West Coast with singer-songwriter Tom Brosseau. He began writing songs at age 17 and his songwriting has been praised by a number of top songwriters including Diane Warren, and Joni Mitchell who said of them "Dan is really good at what he does, and creates rich images with his words and music."
Music producing and engineeringEdit
|Birth name||Daniel Joseph Levitin|
|Born||December 27, 1957|
|Genres||Rock, new wave, punk, jazz, folk rock, country|
|Instruments||Tenor saxophone, guitar, bass, vocals|
|Years active||1980 to present|
|Labels||415 Records, Columbia Records, Sony Music, Warner Bros. Records, Infrasonic Records, TwinTone Records|
|Associated acts||Blue Öyster Cult, The Afflicted, Santana, The Grateful Dead, Chris Isaak, Steely Dan, Joe Satriani, The Mortals, The Alsea River Band, MDC, Jonathan Richman and The Modern Lovers, Neil Young, Renée Fleming|
In the late 1970s, Levitin consulted for M&K Sound as an expert listener assisting in the design of the first commercial satellite and subwoofer loudspeaker systems, an early version of which were used by Steely Dan for mixing their album Pretzel Logic (1974). Following that, he worked at A Broun Sound in San Rafael, California, building speaker cabinets for The Grateful Dead, for whom he later worked as a consulting record producer. Levitin was one of the golden ears used in the first Dolby AC audio compression tests, a precursor to MP3 audio compression. From 1984–1988, he worked as Director and then Vice President of A&R for 415 Records in San Francisco, becoming President of the label in 1989 before the label was sold to Sony Music. Notable achievements during that time included producing the punk classic Here Come the Cops by The Afflicted (named among the Top 10 records of 1985 by GQ magazine); engineering records by Jonathan Richman and the Modern Lovers, Santana, and the Grateful Dead; and producing tracks for Blue Öyster Cult, the soundtrack to Repo Man (1984), and others. Two highlights of his tenure in A&R were discovering the band The Big Race (which later became the well-known soundtrack band Pray for Rain); and for having had the chance to, but not signing M.C. Hammer.
After 415 was sold, he formed his own production and business consulting company, with a list of clients including AT&T, several venture capital firms, and every major record label. As a consultant for Warner Bros. Records he planned the marketing campaigns for such albums as Eric Clapton's Unplugged (1992) and k.d. lang's Ingénue (1992). He was a music consultant on feature films such as Good Will Hunting (1997) and The Crow: City of Angels (1996), and served as a compilation consultant to Stevie Wonder's Song Review: A Greatest Hits Collection (1996), and to As Time Goes By (2003) and Interpretations: A 25th Anniversary Celebration (1995; updated and released as a DVD in 2003) by The Carpenters. Levitin returned to the studio in 2002, producing three albums for Quebec blues musician Dale Boyle: String Slinger Blues (2002), A Dog Day for the Purists (2004), and In My Rearview Mirror: A Story From A Small Gaspé Town (2005), the latter two of which won the annual Lys Blues Award for best Blues album. He helped Joni Mitchell with the production of her three most recent albums, Shine, Love Has Many Faces: A Quartet, A Ballet, Waiting to Be Danced, and Starbuck's Artist's Choice: Joni Mitchell.
In 1998, Levitin helped to found MoodLogic.com (and its sister companies, Emotioneering.com and jaboom.com), the first Internet music recommendation company, sold in 2006 to Allmusic group. He has also consulted for the United States Navy on underwater sound source separation, for Philips Electronics, and AT&T. He served as an occasional script consultant to The Mentalist from 2007–2009.
Levitin began writing articles in 1988 for music industry magazines Billboard, Grammy, EQ, Mix, Music Connection, and Electronic Musician, and was named contributing writer to Billboard′s Reviews section from 1992 to 1997. He has also written op-eds, reviews and essays for The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and The Atlantic.
Levitin is the author of This Is Your Brain on Music: The Science of a Human Obsession, (Dutton/Penguin 2006; Plume/Penguin 2007) which spent more than 12 months on the New York Times and the Globe and Mail bestseller lists. It was nominated for two awards (The Los Angeles Times Book Prize for Outstanding Science & Technology Writing and the Quill Award for the Best Debut Author of 2006), named one of the top books of the year by Canada's The Globe and Mail and by The Independent and The Guardian, and has been translated into 16 languages.
The World in Six Songs: How the Musical Brain Created Human Nature (Dutton/Penguin 2008) debuted on the Canadian and the New York Times bestseller lists, and was named by the Boston Herald and by Seed Magazine as one of the best books of 2008; it was also nominated for the World Technology Awards. His book sales have made Levitin the #1 bestselling scientist of the last ten years.
A Field Guide to Lies was published by Dutton/Penguin Random House in 2016, and released in paperback in March 2017 under the revised title Weaponized Lies. It appeared on numerous best-seller lists in the U.S., Canada and the U.K., and is the most acclaimed of Levitin's four books, receiving the National Business Book Award, the Mavis Gallant Prize for Non-Fiction, the Axiom Business Book Award, and was a finalist for the Donner Prize.
In popular cultureEdit
Two documentary films were based on This Is Your Brain on Music, The Music Instinct (2009, PBS), which Levitin co-hosted with Bobby McFerrin, and The Musical Brain (2009, CTV/National Geographic Television) which he co-hosted with Sting. He appeared in Artifact (film), a 2012 documentary film directed by Jared Leto. His television and film appearances have reached more than 50 million viewers worldwide.
Levitin had a cameo appearance in The Big Bang Theory at the invitation of the producers, in Season 8, Episode 5, "The Focus Attenuation," during the opening scene, sitting at a table in the Caltech cafeteria over Sheldon's right shoulder.
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- Finalist, Donner Prize (2017), A Field Guide to Lies.
- Winner, National Business Book Award (2017), A Field Guide to Lies.
- Silver Medal, Axiom Business Book Awards, Ethics category (2017), A Field Guide to Lies.
- Winner, Mavis Gallant Prize for Non-Fiction (2016), A Field Guide to Lies.
- Finalist, Los Angeles Times Book Prize (2006), This Is Your Brain on Music, Best Book on Science and Technology.
- Cine Special Jury Prize for Arts & Culture, The Music Instinct (Daniel Levitin, co-host, co-writer and Chief Scientific Consultant), 2010, Washington, D.C.
- Banff World Television Festival, Rockie Award Nominee, The Music Instinct (Daniel Levitin, co-host, co-writer and Chief scientific Consultant), 2010.
- First place, Pariscience Film Festival, The Music Instinct (Daniel Levitin, co-host, co-writer and Chief scientific Consultant), 2009.
- Winner, Gemini Award, Best Sound in an Information/Documentary Program or Series, The Musical Brain (Daniel Levitin, Host and Scientific Consultant), 2009.
- Hugo Television Award, Science/Nature Documentary, 45th Chicago International Film Festival, The Musical Brain (Daniel Levitin, Host and Scientific Consultant), 2009.
- European Acoustics Association (EAA) Award for Outstanding Scientific Results Published in Acta Acustica United With Acustica (with co-recipients C. Guastavino, J-D Pollack, D. Dubois and B. Katz), 2008.
- Nominee, Quill Award, Best Debut Author (2006), This Is Your Brain on Music.
- Awarded sixteen RIAA gold and platinum records.
- Stevie Wonder, Song Review: A Greatest Hits Collection
- Eric Clapton, Unplugged
- Steely Dan, Can't Buy A Thrill
- Steely Dan, Countdown to Ecstasy
- Steely Dan, Pretzel Logic
- Steely Dan, Katy Lied
- Steely Dan, The Royal Scam
- Steely Dan, Aja
- Steely Dan, Gaucho
- Steely Dan, Two Against Nature
- Steely Dan, Gold (Steely Dan album), expanded edition
- Steely Dan, A Decade of Steely Dan
- k.d. lang, Ingenue
- Midnight Oil, Diesel and Dust
- Chris Isaak, Heart Shaped World
- The Crow: City of Angels (soundtrack)
- Best Film Soundtrack award, Sundance Film Festival, 1985, for Architects of Victory
- Gold Medal, Venice Film Festival, 1985, Film Soundtrack Production, for Architects of Victory
- Lys Award, Best Blues Album, 2005, Dale Boyle: In My Rearview Mirror: A Story From A Small Gaspé Town
- Lys Award, Best Blues Album 2004, Dale Boyle and the Barburners: A Dog Day for Purists
- "Top 100 Papers in Cognitive Science" by the Millennium Project for "Absolute Memory for Musical Pitch," Perception and Psychophysics, 1994.
- The Billboard Encyclopedia of Record Producers (1999). New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, E. Olsen, C. Wolff, P. Verna, Editors; D. J. Levitin, Associate Editor.
- Foundations of Cognitive Psychology: Core Readings (2002), Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press
- Foundations of Cognitive Psychology: Core Readings, Second Edition (2010), Boston: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson Publishing
- This Is Your Brain on Music: The Science of a Human Obsession, (2006), New York: Dutton/Penguin. (Released in the U.K. and Commonwealth territories by Atlantic, 2007). (Appeared on the New York Times Bestseller List both in hardcover and paperback)
- The World in Six Songs: How the Musical Brain Created Human Nature (2008), New York: Dutton/Penguin and Toronto: Viking/Penguin. (New York Times Bestseller)
- The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight In The Age Of Information Overload (2014), New York: Dutton/Penguin Random House and Toronto: Allen Lane/Penguin Random House and London: Viking/Penguin Random House.
- A Field Guide to Lies: Critical Thinking in the Information Age (2016), New York: Dutton/Penguin Random House; Toronto: Allen Lane/Penguin Random House; London: Viking/Penguin Random House
Scientific articles (selected)Edit
- Levitin, D. J.; Grafton, S. T. (2016). "Measuring the representational space of music with fMRI: a case study with Sting". NeuroCase. 22 (6): 548–567. doi:10.1080/13554794.2016.1216572. PMID 27687156.
- Chanda, M. L.; Levitin, D. J. (2013). "The neurochemistry of music". Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 17 (4): 179–193. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2013.02.007. PMID 23541122.
- Sridharan, D.; Levitin, D. J.; Menon, V. (2008). "A critical role for the right fronto-insular cortex in switching between central-executive and default-mode networks". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105 (34): 12569–12574. doi:10.1073/pnas.0800005105. PMC 2527952. PMID 18723676.
- Langford, D. J.; Crager, S. E.; Shehzad, Z.; Smith, S. B.; Sotocinal, S. G.; Levenstadt, J. S.; Chanda, M. L.; Levitin, D. J.; Mogil, J. S. (2006). "Social Modulation of Pain as Evidence for Empathy in Mice". Science. 312 (5782): 1967–1970. doi:10.1126/science.1128322. PMID 16809545.
- Levitin, D. J.; Cook, P. R. (1996). "Absolute memory for musical tempo: Additional evidence that auditory memory is absolute". Perception & Psychophysics. 58 (6): 927–935. doi:10.3758/bf03205494.
- J.D. Buhl, Remind Me. Driving Records/CD Baby, 2015. (Producer and Engineer).
- Diane Nalini, Songs of Sweeet Fire. 2006. (Mixing Engineer, Production Consultant).
- Dale Boyle, In My Rearview Mirror: A Story From A Small Gaspé Town. 2005. (Production Consultant)
- Dale Boyle and the Barburners, A Dog Day for the Purists. 2004. (Producer).
- Dale Boyle and the Barburners, String Slinger Blues. 2002. (Producer).
- The Carpenters. As Time Goes By. A&M Records/Universal, 2000. (Consultant on song selection, liner notes writer.)
- Various Artists. Original motion picture soundtrack, Good Will Hunting. Hollywood/Miramax Records, 1998. (A&R Consultant. )
- Stevie Wonder. Stevie Wonder Song Review: A Greatest Hits Collection. Motown, 1996. (Consultant on song selection. Liner notes writer.)
- Steely Dan, Gold, Decade, Gaucho, Aja, The Royal Scam, Katy Lied, Pretzel Logic, Countdown to Ecstasy, Can't Buy A Thrill, MCA, 1992. (Consultant on CD Remastering.)
- kd lang, Ingénue, Reprise, 1992. (Consultant.)
- Eric Clapton, Unplugged, Reprise, 1992. (Consultant.)
- Chris Isaak, Heart Shaped World, Warner Brothers, 1989. (Engineering (Asst), Sound Design (Soundscape)).
- Jonathan Richman and the Modern Lovers, Rockin' and Romance, Twin/Tone (U.S), Sire (U.K.), 1986. (Engineer).
- The Furies, Fun Around The World, Infrasonic, 1986
- Rhythm Riot, Rhythm Riot, EP, Infrasonic, 1987*True West, Drifters, Passport/JEM Records, 1985. (Co-Producer).
- The Big Race, "Happy Animals," from the Soundtrack of the Paramount Film Repo Man, 1985. (Producer, Engineer)
- The Afflicted, Good News About Mental Health, Infrasonic, 1984. (Producer)
- International P.E.A.C.E. Benefit Compilation, R Radical Records, 1984 (Producer of tracks by The Afflicted and MDC), reissued 1997 New Red Archives/Lumberjack Mordam Music Group
|1984||Repo Man||Self, musician|
|1997||Close To You: Remembering the Carpenters||Self, Consultant to the producers||PBS|
|1998||The Carpenters: Harmony and Heartbreak||Consultant to the Producers||A&E Biography|
|2009||The Music Instinct||Self, writer, consultant||PBS Nova|
|The Musical Brain||Self, Writer; Consultant||CTV/National Geographic|
|What Makes a Masterpiece||Self||BBC 4|
- "Executive Turntable". Billboard. January 2000.
- Laboratory for Music Perception, Cognition and Expertise, daniellevitin.com
- "Oliver Sacks meets Jerry Garcia in 'This Is Your Brain on Music' by rocker-turned-neuroscientist Daniel Levitin'". Publishers Weekly. June 5, 2006.
- "Books: Bestsellers: Top selling fiction and non-fiction titles (week of September 21". Maclean's. September 21, 2006.
- "CHARTS Bestsellers (week ending Nov 05, 2006)". The Book Standard. November 5, 2006.
- Parncutt, R.; Levitin, D.J. (2001). "Absolute Pitch". In S. Sadie (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. New York: St. Martins Press. pp. 37–39.
- Levitin, D. J.; Rogers. S.E. (December 2005). "Absolute pitch: Perception, coding, and controversies". Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 9 (1): 26–33. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2004.11.007. PMID 15639438.
- "Flying in a Blue Dream credits". Allmusic. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
- James Sullivan (August 20, 2006). "He's Rocking the World of Neuroscience". Boston Globe. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Ann McIlroy (March 12, 2001). "Dr. Rock 'n' Roll". The Globe and Mail.
- Susan Dominus (March 18, 2007). "Rockin' Boffin". London Daily Telegraph, Seven Magazine.
- "La musique pour maître à penser". Découvrir. November – December 2002.
- "Levitin, Daniel J. 1957–". Contemporary Authors, 2005, at encyclopedia.com. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "Levitin, Daniel J.". Marquis Who's Who in America. New Providence, NJ: Marquis Who's Who LLC. 2002.
- D. J. Levitin (1992). "Absolute memory for musical pitch: Evidence from the production of learned melodies". Perception & Psychophysics. 56 (4): 414–423. doi:10.3758/bf03206733. PMID 7984397.
- D. Huron (2006). "Exploring How Music Works Its Wonders". Cerebrum.
- "Common expressions: Levitin". Webster's Online Dictionary. Webster's. February 18, 2011. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2011.
- James Martin (Summer 2004). "A Mind For Music". McGill News. pp. 1–2.
- Sussman, Deborah (August 21, 2014). "Daniel Levitin on Why Being Organized Is More Important Than Ever Before". Phoenix New Times.
- Stein, Joel (February 11, 2016). "Study Shows Music Brings My Family Closer Together". Time.
- "Levitin, Daniel J. 1957-". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- Levitin, Daniel (2006). This Is Your Brain on Music. New York, Toronto, London: Dutton/Penguin Random House. ISBN 9780452288522.
- "Jazz Legend Mel Tormé to play Santa Monica Civic". Palos Verdes Peninsula News. May 5, 1974.
- http://www.berklee.edu/news/2360/alumni-profile-daniel-levitin-80 retrieved August 31, 2014
- Spoken at McCabe's, Santa Monica, Sept. 8, 2017, after Levitin & Brosseau show there.
- 415 Records
- "Allmusic:Artist:Daniel Levitin". Retrieved September 14, 2006.
- https://www.amazon.com/gp/richpub/syltguides/fullview/R3ASQBLPAK1KEA retrieved August 31, 2014
- http://www.bic.mni.mcgill.ca/PeopleAffiliates/LevitinDan Retrieved August 31, 2014
- http://conductor1.wix.com/label#!affiliates Retrieved August 31, 2014
- http://www.apa.org/research/action/speaking-of-psychology/music-health.aspx Retrieved August 31, 2014
- "Amnesia and the Self That Remains When Memory Is Lost". Retrieved January 14, 2013.
- Feuer, Alan. "New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2007.
- "Pick of the paperbacks 2008". The Guardian. London. December 21, 2008. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- "Vancouver Sun". Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved 2008-08-16.
- "Nielsen Bookscan". Archived from the original on June 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
- "Deals: Week of February 4, 2013".
- https://www.nytimes.com/best-sellers-books/ retrieved August 31, 2014.
- https://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/books-and-media/bestsellers/bestsellers-hardcover-non-fiction-may-25-2013/article4226576/ retrieved August 31, 2014.
- Gayle MacDonald (June 3, 2008). "Listening for the Listener". Globe and Mail.
- "Nielsen Television Ratings". Retrieved April 10, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Thompson, Clive (December 31, 2006). "Music of the Hemispheres". New York Times: Section 2 Arts & Leisure, Page 1.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Daniel Levitin|
- Official website
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- Interview with Levitin regarding This is Your Brain on Music on The Sound of Young America (2006)
- Levitin, Daniel J. 1957–, in: Contemporary Authors, 2005, at encyclopedia.com
- Daniel Levitin on IMDb