Daniel Kellogg (judge)

Daniel Kellogg (February 10, 1791 – May 10, 1875) was an American public official who served as a Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court and in several other positions.

Daniel Kellogg
Daniel Kellogg.jpg
Associate Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court
In office
1845–1850
Preceded byWilliam Hebard
Succeeded byNone (Size of court reduced)
In office
1843–1843
Preceded byWilliam Hebard
Succeeded byWilliam Hebard
United States Attorney for the District of Vermont
In office
1829–1841
Preceded byWilliam A. Griswold
Succeeded byCharles Davis
Personal details
Born(1791-02-10)February 10, 1791
Amherst, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedMay 10, 1875(1875-05-10) (aged 84)
Brattleboro, Vermont, U.S.
Resting placeProspect Hill Cemetery, Brattleboro, Vermont
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Democratic
National Union
Spouse(s)Jane McAfee (d. 1827)
Merab Ann Bradley (d. 1845)
Miranda M. Aldis (d. 1887)
Children4 (including George Bradley Kellogg)
Alma materWilliams College
ProfessionLawyer

Early lifeEdit

Daniel Kellogg was born in Amherst, Massachusetts on February 10, 1791, the son of Daniel and Mercy (Eastman) Kellogg. He graduated from Williams College in 1810, and was a member of Phi Beta Kappa. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Rockingham, Vermont in 1814.[1][2]

CareerEdit

A Democratic-Republican and later a Democrat, Kellogg served as Windham County State's Attorney and Judge of Probate. He also served as secretary to Governors Cornelius P. Van Ness (1823-1826) and Ezra Butler (1826-1828).[3]

Having been active as an officer in the Vermont Militia,[4] Kellogg was appointed adjutant general, and served from 1822 to 1824.[5]

In 1829 President Andrew Jackson appointed Kellogg as United States Attorney for the District of Vermont and he served until the end of the Martin Van Buren administration in 1841. Kellogg also ran unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives in 1833 and 1840.[6][7]

Kellogg served as president of the Vermont Constitutional Convention in 1843.[8] He declined appointment to the Vermont Supreme Court in the same year, and also ran unsuccessfully for governor, losing the election to John Mattocks.[9]

He ran again for governor in 1844 and 1845, losing both times to William Slade.[10][11] Kellogg served in the Vermont House of Representatives in 1845.[12]

In 1845 Kellogg was appointed to the Vermont Supreme Court. He served on the court until resigning in 1850.[13]

Kellogg resumed the practice of law after leaving the court. In 1854 he relocated to Brattleboro. He was president of the Bellows Falls National Bank and a trustee of the Vermont Asylum for the Insane.[14][15]

He was a Unionist during the American Civil War. He served as presidential elector in 1864, and cast his ballot for Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson.[16] He also served in the Vermont State Senate from 1865 to 1866.[17]

Death and burialEdit

 
Daniel Kellogg's grave marker.

Kellogg died in Brattleboro on May 10, 1875.[18] He was buried at Prospect Hill Cemetery in Brattleboro.[19]

HonorsEdit

In 1853 Kellogg received an honorary Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) degre from the University of Vermont.[20]

LegacyEdit

Daniel Kellogg's law library is included in the Stephen Row Bradley and William Czar Bradley Papers, which were donated to the University of Vermont by William Bradley Willard in 2002.[21]

FamilyEdit

Kellogg was first married to Jane McAfee of Rockingham. After her 1827 death he married Merab Ann Bradley of Westminster, the daughter of Congressman William Czar Bradley and granddaughter of Senator Stephen Row Bradley.[22]

After Merab Bradley Kellogg's death in 1845 Daniel Kellogg married Miranda M. Aldis of St. Albans, who survived him. Miranda Kellogg was the daughter of Vermont Chief Justice Asa Aldis, and sister of Associate Justice Asa O. Aldis.[23]

Kellogg's children included Henry (1823-1844); George B. (1825-1875); Sarah B. (1831-1909); Daniel, Jr. (1834-1918).[24]

Henry Kellogg graduated from Williams College in 1843 and was a law student in the office of William Czar Bradley when he drowned while swimming in the Connecticut River.[25]

George Bradley Kellogg was an attorney who served as Adjutant General of Vermont from 1854 to 1859 and Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st Vermont Cavalry Regiment during the American Civil War.[26]

Daniel Kellogg, Jr. resided in Brattleboro and held local offices including Postmaster.[27]

Sarah B. Kellogg married Henry A. Willard, the proprietor of the famed Willard Hotel in Washington, D.C.[28]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Henry Burnham, Brattleboro, Windham County, Vermont: Early History, with Biographical Sketches of Some of its Citizens, 1889, page 164
  2. ^ Phi Beta Kappa Society of Williams College, Phi Beta Kappa of Massachusetts History, 1903, page 6
  3. ^ Hiram Carleton, Genealogical and Family History of the State of Vermont, Volume 1, 1903, page 286
  4. ^ Vermont Genealogy, Vermont Genealogy magazine, Volumes 5-6, 2000, pages 102, 151
  5. ^ Vermont State Archives and Records Administration, List of Portraits of Vermont Adjutants General, 1822 - 1967, accessed August 18, 2013
  6. ^ Jacob G. Ullery, Men of Vermont Illustrated, 1894, page 182
  7. ^ Benjamin Perley Poore, The Political Register and Congressional Directory, 1878, page 425
  8. ^ Vermont Constitutional Convention, Journal of the Convention, 1843, page 8
  9. ^ Prentiss Cutler Dodge, Encyclopedia of Vermont Biography, page 35
  10. ^ Vermont General Assembly, Journal of the Vermont Senate, 1845, page 245
  11. ^ Austin Jacobs Coolidge, John Brainard Mansfield, History and Description of New England: Vermont, 1860, page 966
  12. ^ Vermont General Assembly, Journal of the Vermont House of Representatives, 1845, page 132
  13. ^ Vermont State Archives and Records Administration, Justices of the Supreme Court, 1778 – Present Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine, 2011, page 4
  14. ^ Hamilton Child, Gazetteer and Business Directory of Windham County, Vt., 1724-1884, 1884, pages 126, 292
  15. ^ Vermont General Assembly, Vermont Legislative Documents, Volume 4, 1874, page 41
  16. ^ Vermont General Assembly, Vermont Legislative Directory, 1886, page 75
  17. ^ Vermont General Assembly, Journal of the Senate of the State of Vermont, 1867, page 4
  18. ^ Vermont Asylum for the Insane, Annals for Fifty Years, 1887, page 287
  19. ^ Henry Kellogg Willard, A Memorial to Henry Augustus Willard and Sarah Bradley Willard, 1925, page 98
  20. ^ University of Vermont, General Catalogue, 1901, page 224
  21. ^ Prudence Doherty, University of Vermont, Lecture Spotlights Library of Allen Brothers' Ally, April 11, 2002
  22. ^ Henry Burnham, Brattleboro, Windham County, Vermont, page 164
  23. ^ Jacob G. Ullery, Men of Vermont Illustrated, page 182
  24. ^ Hamilton Child, Gazetteer and Business Directory of Windham County, page 120
  25. ^ Jessie Haas, Westminster, Vermont, 1735-2000, 2012, page 158
  26. ^ Theta Delta Chi Fraternity, The Shield, Volume 5, 1889, page 3
  27. ^ United States Congress, Journal of the U.S. Senate, Volume 37, Issues 3-38, 1887, page 20
  28. ^ J. T. White, The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Volume 22, 1932, page 450

External resourcesEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Nathan Smilie
Democratic nominee for Governor of Vermont
1843, 1844, 1845
Succeeded by
John Smith
Military offices
Preceded by
David Fay
Vermont Adjutant General
1822–1824
Succeeded by
Isaac Fletcher