Daniel Kálmán Biss (born 1977 in Akron, Ohio) is an American mathematician and member of the Illinois Senate from the 9th district, serving since January 2013. The district includes Chicago's northern suburbs, including Evanston, Glencoe, Glenview, Golf, Morton Grove, Northbrook, Northfield, Skokie, Wilmette, and Winnetka. Biss previously served in the Illinois House of Representatives from 2011 to 2013.
|Member of the Illinois Senate
from the 9th district
|Preceded by||Jeffrey Schoenberg|
|Member of the Illinois House of Representatives
from the 17th district
May 2011 – January 2013
|Preceded by||Elizabeth Coulson|
|Succeeded by||Laura Fine|
August 27, 1977 |
Akron, Ohio, U.S.
|Education||Harvard University (BA)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MA, PhD)
Personal life, education and mathematical careerEdit
Biss was born into a family of musicians: his brother is the noted pianist Jonathan Biss, his parents are the violinists Paul Biss and Miriam Fried, and his grandmother was the Russian-born cellist Raya Garbousova.
Biss received his undergraduate degree from Harvard University, graduating summa cum laude in 1998, and his Ph.D. at MIT in 2002, both in mathematics. He won the 1999 Morgan Prize for his outstanding research as an undergraduate, and was a Clay Research Fellow from 2002 to 2007. His doctoral advisor was Michael J. Hopkins. He was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in the fall of 2003.
Biss created and wrote the mathematics behind the plot in An Abundance of Katherines, a novel by Vlogbrothers co-creator and author John Green. He is periodically consulted on matters of a mathematical nature by Green on his web series.
Prior to running for State Representative, Biss was an Assistant Professor of Mathematics at the University of Chicago. He published several papers about Grassmannian manifolds in prestigious journals, including the Annals of Mathematics, that later were discovered to contain a flaw which rendered the proofs invalid. In 2008, Biss published retractions in the journals.
In the Annals of Mathematics he argued that there is "no difference between studying real vector bundles and matroid bundles." Nikolai Mnëv, a mathematician at the Steklov Institute of Mathematics at St. Petersburg in Russia, found that the proof written by Biss in his article was "seriously flawed". When Mnëv found the flaw, Biss did not immediately retract it; it took nearly four years. In his one-page retraction in July 2009 in the Annals of Mathematics, Biss wrote, "The author would like to thank Nikolai Mnëv for drawing his attention to this error."
Illinois House of RepresentativesEdit
- Appropriations – Elementary & Secondary Education
- Personnel & Pensions
- Consumer Protection
- Small Business Empowerment & Workforce Development
- International Trade & Commerce
- Appropriations – Higher Education
|2008||Daniel Biss||25,959||48.52%||Elizabeth Coulson||27,540||51.48%|
|2010||Daniel K. Biss||23,134||54.78%||Hamilton Chang||19,096||45.22%|
|2012||Daniel Biss||68,064||66.63%||Glenn Farkas||34,081||33.37%|
According to a 2008 Political Courage Test, Daniel Biss supports carbon emissions limits. Biss is pro-choice, supporting legal abortion. He supports allowing high school graduates to pay in-state tuition at public universities regardless of immigration status, as well as state funding to raise the salaries of teachers. He received a 0% rating by the NRA in 2010. Biss has expressed support of labor unions and has received $20,000 from AFSCME, the second largest donation to a state legislator. Biss also supports legalizing marijuana in Illinois.
In 2013, Biss cosponsored SB 1, a bill that significantly reduced pension plans for retired state employees in an attempt to reduce debts in the state retirement system. In May 2015, the Illinois Supreme Court found the law unconstitutional. In rejecting the consitutionality of SB-1, the Illinois Supreme Court stated:“These modifications to pension benefits unquestionably diminish the value of the retirement annuities the members…were promised when they joined the pension system. Accordingly, based on the plain language of the Act, these annuity-reducing provisions contravene the pension protection clause’s absolute prohibition against diminishment of pension benefits and exceed the General Assembly’s authority,” the ruling states.
In March 2017, Biss sponsored SB1424, a bill proposing a system of matching state funds for small-donor political contributions  and SB 780, a bill proposing to elect a number of statewide offices by ranked-choice ballot. He also co-sponsored SB 1933, a bill by State Sen. Andy Manar to allow for automatic voter registration when applying for an Illinois drivers’ license. 
Biss supports universal health care and advocates specifically for a state-level single-payer healthcare system. In June 2017, Biss voted to reinforce the Affordable Care Act in Illinois by preventing insurance companies from discriminating against customers with pre-existing conditions.
On November 10, 2011, Biss announced his intent to run for the Illinois Senate seat held by retiring Senator Jeffrey Schoenberg. He won the election on November 6, 2012, receiving over 66% of the vote.
On March 20, 2017, Biss announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Illinois for the 2018 election on a Facebook Live video, attacking incumbent governor Bruce Rauner and Illinois House Speaker Mike Madigan. Biss joined a growing field of Democratic contenders, including businessman Chris Kennedy and Chicago alderman Ameya Pawar.
- "Hoopes Prizes Awarded to Undergraduates and Thesis Advisers". Harvard Gazette. 28 May 1998. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- Biss, Daniel K. (October 2000). "A Generalized Approach to the Fundamental Group" (PDF). The American Mathematical Monthly. Mathematical Association of America. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- State Sen. Daniel Biss announces Democratic bid for governor
- Swinkels, Niels (June 12, 2013). "Jonathan Biss: A Super, Human, Musical Mission". San Francisco Classical Voice. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
- Giovetti, Olivia (January 18, 2011). "Jonathan Biss". Time Out New York. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
- Szpiro, George G. (2010). "20: Brilliant but Fallible". A mathematical medley: fifty easy pieces on mathematics. American Mathematical Society. pp. 97–99.
- Daniel Biss, Clay Mathematics Institute
- Institute for Advanced Study: A Community of Scholars
- Nir, Oaz (2008). "Book Review: An Abundance of Katherines" (PDF). Notices of the AMS. American Mathematical Society. 55 (9): 1096–98. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- Green, John (2006). An Abundance of Katherines. Dutton. ISBN 0-525-47688-1.
- Comment by Laura Anderson on September 21, 2007 to Chicago Reader article "John Edwards and -- Daniel Biss?" -- Anderson's account of the events
- Error were discovered variously between 2005 (Anderson) and April 2006 (Mnev), Mnev posted September 2007, Biss submitted errata November 2008 (Annals) and December 2008 (Advances), which were published July 2009 (Annals) and March 2009 (Advances)
- Wong, Willie. (2016-05-02). “In 2003 a startling breakthrough was made…” StackExchange (Match).
- "Nikolai Mnev Homepage". www.pdmi.ras.ru. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- "Doron Zeilberger's 112nd Opinion". www.math.rutgers.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- Biss, Daniel K. (July 2009). "Erratum to "The homotopy type of the matroid Grassmannian"" (PDF). Annals of Mathematics. 2nd. 170-1. doi:10.4007/annals.2009.170.493. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- "Representative Daniel Biss (D)". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- "Election Results". Cook County Board of Elections. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- "Daniel Biss' Issue Positions". Project Vote Smart. Philipsburg, Montana: One Common Ground. 2008.
- "Daniel K. Biss' Political Summary on Issue: Guns". Project Vote Smart. Philipsburg, Montana: One Common Ground. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- "Biss Kicks Off Campaign With 150 Strong" (PDF) (Press release). Evanston, Illinois: Daniel Biss for State Representative. September 14, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 21, 2014.
- "Wage increases slow, but not campaign contributions". Journal Standard (online ed.). Freeport, Illinois. Illinois Statehouse News. November 9, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- "Capitol Fax.com - Your Illinois News Radar » Where do the candidates stand on marijuana?". capitolfax.com. Retrieved 2017-04-03.
- "SB 1 - Amends State Employee Pension Plans - Key Vote". Project Vote Smart. Philipsburg, Montana: One Common Ground. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Pearson, Rick; Geiger, Kim (8 May 2015). "Illinois Supreme Court rules landmark pension law unconstitutional". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Illinois General Assembly - Bill Status for SB1424". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
- "Illinois General Assembly - Bill Status for SB0780". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
- "Illinois General Assembly - Bill Status for SB1933". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
- Miller, Rich (1 August 2017). "Biss, Pawar respond *** Pritzker outlines Medicaid buy-in idea". capitolfax.com. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- "The truth about single-payer". Daniel Biss for Governor. 5 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Dugyala, Rishika (14 June 2017). "Biss joins fight to prevent denial of pre-existing conditions in Illinois". The Daily Northwestern. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Svitek, Patrick (November 10, 2011). "State Rep. Biss to seek Schoenberg's state Senate seat". The Daily Northwestern.
- Chang, Chi-an (November 7, 2012). "Biss Wins 9th State Senate District Race". Patch Media. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
- Pearson, Rick (22 September 2015). "City Clerk Mendoza gets major union backing in state comptroller bid". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
- Biss, Daniel. "Comptroller Campaign Update". Biss for Illinois (Press release). Evanston, Illinois. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- Pearson, Rick (March 20, 2017). "State Sen. Daniel Biss announces Democratic bid for governor". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
- Schulte, Sarah (20 March 2017). "State Sen. Biss says he's running for Illinois governor". ABC7 Chicago. Retrieved 20 March 2017.