Dancing with the Stars (American season 8)

Season eight of Dancing with the Stars premiered on Monday, March 9, 2009, on the ABC network.

Dancing with the Stars
Season 8
Promotional poster, featuring pro dancer Edyta Śliwińska
Hosted by
Judges
Celebrity winnerShawn Johnson
Professional winnerMark Ballas
Country of originUnited States
No. of episodes21
Release
Original networkABC
Original releaseMarch 9 (2009-03-09) –
May 19, 2009 (2009-05-19)
Season chronology
← Previous
Season 7
Next →
Season 9

The show generally followed the format of previous seasons, with thirteen couples, although there were some changes, including two new dances, the Argentine tango and Lindy Hop, and an occasional dance-off between the bottom two couples, in order to determine who would be eliminated.

Olympic gymnast Shawn Johnson and Mark Ballas were crowned the champions, while Gilles Marini and Cheryl Burke finished in second place, and Melissa Rycroft and Tony Dovolani finished third.[1]

Cast edit

Couples edit

This season featured thirteen celebrity contestants. This season was originally advertised as the first American season where a husband and wife would compete against each other: rodeo champion Ty Murray and singer-songwriter Jewel. However, Jewel fractured both of her tibiae and was unable to compete.[2] She was replaced by Holly Madison. Murray chose to continue on the show, while Jewel appeared during the season as a special musical guest. Nancy O'Dell, then co-host of Access Hollywood, was also originally announced to be on the show, but was forced to withdraw from the competition due to a torn meniscus, which required surgery.[2] She was replaced by Melissa Rycroft, who had won season 13 of The Bachelor.

Celebrity Notability Professional partner Status
Belinda Carlisle Singer-songwriter Jonathan Roberts Eliminated 1st
on March 17, 2009
Denise Richards Actress Maksim Chmerkovskiy Eliminated 2nd
on March 24, 2009
Holly Madison Playboy model & reality television personality Dmitry Chaplin Eliminated 3rd
on March 31, 2009
Steve Wozniak Apple co-founder Karina Smirnoff Eliminated 4th
on March 31, 2009
David Alan Grier Actor & comedian Kym Johnson Eliminated 5th
on April 7, 2009
Steve-O Jackass star Lacey Schwimmer Eliminated 6th
on April 14, 2009
Lawrence Taylor NFL linebacker Edyta Śliwińska Eliminated 7th
on April 21, 2009
Chuck Wicks Country singer Julianne Hough Eliminated 8th
on April 28, 2009
Lil' Kim Rapper Derek Hough Eliminated 9th
on May 5, 2009
Ty Murray Rodeo cowboy Chelsie Hightower Eliminated 10th
on May 12, 2009
Melissa Rycroft The Bachelor contestant Tony Dovolani Third place
on May 19, 2009
Gilles Marini Actor Cheryl Burke Runners-up
on May 19, 2009
Shawn Johnson Olympic artistic gymnast Mark Ballas Winners
on May 19, 2009
Future appearances

Shawn Johnson, Gilles Marini, and Melissa Rycroft later competed in the All-Stars season, where Johnson was paired with Derek Hough, Marini was paired with Peta Murgatroyd, and Rycroft remained with Tony Dovolani.

Host and judges edit

The show was again co-hosted by Tom Bergeron and Samantha Harris. Len Goodman, Bruno Tonioli and Carrie Ann Inaba returned as judges.

Scoring chart edit

The highest score each week is indicated in bold green with a dagger (†), while the lowest score each week is indicated in italicized red with a double-dagger (‡).

Color key:

  Winners
  Runners-up
  Third place
  Bottom two
  Eliminated
Dancing with the Stars (season 8) - Weekly scores
Couple Pl. Week
1 2 1+2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Night 1 Night 2
Shawn & Mark 1st 23 24 47 27 25 26 26 28 27+25=52 27+29=56 30+26=56 28+30=58 +30=88[a]
Gilles & Cheryl 2nd 24 27 51 27 30 29 26 27 27+28=55 29+27=56 30+30=60 30+28=58 +30=88[b]
Melissa & Tony 3rd 23 26 49 27 29 25 27 29 21+25=46 27+30=57 28+27=55 29+27=56 +30=86[c]
Ty & Chelsie 4th 14 20 34 23 25 21 18 24 24+28=52 25+21=46[d] 25+23=48[e]
Lil' Kim & Derek 5th 21 23 44 25 27 26 28 26 28+28=56 25+27=52[e]
Chuck & Julianne 6th 20 20 40 23 22 23 23 27 26+25=51[e]
Lawrence & Edyta 7th 16 20 36 20 19 20[d] 22 21[e]
Steve-O & Lacey 8th 17 14 31 15 15[d] 18 16[e]
David & Kym 9th 19 17 36 24 22 22[e]
Steve & Karina 10th 13 17 30[d] 10 12[e]
Holly & Dmitry 11th 18 18 36 17[d] 16[e]
Denise & Maks 12th 18 21 39 16[e]
Belinda & Jonathan 13th 17 18 35[e]
Notes
  1. ^ This couple finished in first place.
  2. ^ This couple finished in second place.
  3. ^ This couple finished in third place.
  4. ^ a b c d e This couple was in the bottom two, but was not eliminated.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j This couple was eliminated.

Weekly scores edit

Individual judges scores in charts below (given in parentheses) are listed in this order from left to right: Carrie Ann Inaba, Len Goodman, Bruno Tonioli.

Week 1 edit

Each couple performed either the cha-cha-cha or waltz. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Couple Scores Dance Music
Lil' Kim & Derek 21 (7, 7, 7) Cha-cha-cha "Nasty" — Janet Jackson
Belinda & Jonathan 17 (6, 6, 5) Waltz "What the World Needs Now Is Love" — Jackie DeShannon
Lawrence & Edyta 16 (6, 5, 5) Cha-cha-cha "Twenty-Five Miles" — Edwin Starr
Steve-O & Lacey 17 (6, 5, 6) Waltz "Vito's Waltz" — 101 Strings Orchestra
Gilles & Cheryl 24 (8, 8, 8) Cha-cha-cha "Addicted to Love" — Robert Palmer
Chuck & Julianne 20 (6, 7, 7) Waltz "Are You Lonesome Tonight?" — Elvis Presley
Holly & Dmitry 18 (6, 6, 6) Cha-cha-cha "Just Dance" — Lady Gaga, feat. Colby O'Donis
Ty & Chelsie 14 (5, 4, 5) Cha-cha-cha "Train in Vain" — The Clash
Shawn & Mark 23 (8, 8, 7) Waltz "It is You (I Have Loved)" — Dana Glover
Steve & Karina 13 (5, 4, 4) Cha-cha-cha "You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet" — Bachman-Turner Overdrive
David & Kym 19 (6, 7, 6) Waltz "You Light Up My Life" — Debby Boone
Denise & Maks 18 (6, 6, 6) Cha-cha-cha "Nothin' but a Good Time" — Poison
Melissa & Tony 23 (8, 7, 8) Waltz "Moon River" — Andy Williams

Week 2 edit

Each couple performed either the quickstep or salsa. The two couples in the bottom two competed against each other in a dance-off to determine which would also be eliminated. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Due to an injury, Steve-O was unable to dance on the live show, so his rehearsal footage was shown and scored instead.[3]

Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Holly & Dmitry 18 (6, 6, 6) Quickstep "We Are in Love" — Harry Connick Jr. Safe
David & Kym 17 (6, 5, 6) Salsa "El Cumbanchero" — Angel Meléndez and the 911 Mambo Orchestra Safe
Denise & Maks 21 (7, 7, 7) Quickstep "We Go Together" — from Grease Safe
Belinda & Jonathan 18 (6, 6, 6) Salsa "Higher" — Gloria Estefan Bottom two
Ty & Chelsie 20 (7, 6, 7) Quickstep "Life Is a Highway" — Rascal Flatts Safe
Shawn & Mark 24 (8, 8, 8) Salsa "Las Muchachas" — Johnny Pacheco Safe
Steve & Karina 17 (6, 5, 6) Quickstep "Oh, Boy!" — Buddy Holly Bottom two
Chuck & Julianne 20 (6, 7, 7) Salsa "Say Hey (I Love You)" — Michael Franti & Spearhead Safe
Lawrence & Edyta 20 (7, 6, 7) Quickstep "As Long as I'm Singing" — The Brian Setzer Orchestra Safe
Steve-O & Lacey 14 (5, 4, 5) Salsa "Cobrastyle" — Teddybears Safe
Lil' Kim & Derek 23 (8, 7, 8) Quickstep "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" — Marilyn Monroe Safe
Melissa & Tony 26 (9, 8, 9) Salsa "The Cup of Life" — Ricky Martin Safe
Gilles & Cheryl 27 (9, 9, 9) Quickstep "Kryptonite" — 3 Doors Down Safe
Dance-off
Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Belinda & Jonathan 17 (5, 6, 6) Salsa "Higher" — Gloria Estefan Eliminated
Steve & Karina 17 (6, 5, 6) Quickstep "Oh, Boy!" — Buddy Holly Safe

Week 3 edit

Each couple performed either the foxtrot or samba. The two couples in the bottom two competed against each other in a dance-off to determine which would also be eliminated. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Denise & Maks 16 (5, 6, 5) Samba "Take a Picture" — Filter Bottom two
Chuck & Julianne 23 (8, 7, 8) Foxtrot "All I Want To Do" — Sugarland Safe
Holly & Dmitry 17 (5, 6, 6) Samba "Bananza (Belly Dancer)" — Akon Bottom two
Steve-O & Lacey 15 (5, 5, 5) Foxtrot "I'm Yours" — Jason Mraz Safe
Lawrence & Edyta 20 (7, 6, 7) Samba "I Can't Get Next To You" — The Temptations Safe
Shawn & Mark 27 (9, 9, 9) Foxtrot "More Than This" — Norah Jones Safe
Gilles & Cheryl 27 (9, 9, 9) Samba "El Matador" — Los Fabulosos Cadillacs Safe
David & Kym 24 (8, 8, 8) Foxtrot "Come Rain or Come Shine" — Natalie Cole Safe
Steve & Karina 10 (4, 3, 3) Samba "Jump in the Line (Shake, Senora)" — Harry Belafonte Safe
Melissa & Tony 27 (9, 9, 9) Foxtrot "Recipe for Love" — Harry Connick Jr. Safe
Lil' Kim & Derek 25 (8, 8, 9) Samba "Remedio P'al Corazon" — Alberto Plaza Safe
Ty & Chelsie 23 (8, 8, 7) Foxtrot "Come Dance with Me" — Frank Sinatra Safe
Dance-off
Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Holly & Dmitry 18 (6, 6, 6) Samba "Bananza (Belly Dancer)" — Akon Safe
Denise & Maks 20 (6, 7, 7) Samba "Take a Picture" — Filter Eliminated

Week 4 edit

Each couple performed either the Argentine tango or Lindy Hop. Two couples were eliminated at the end of the night. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Couple Scores Dance Music Result
David & Kym 22 (8, 7, 7) Lindy Hop "Bandstand Boogie" — Barry Manilow Safe
Lil' Kim & Derek 27 (9, 8, 10) Argentine tango "Taquito Militar" — Conjunto Tipico Del Tango Safe
Chuck & Julianne 22 (8, 7, 7) Lindy Hop "Summertime Blues" — Brian Setzer Safe
Lawrence & Edyta 19 (7, 5, 7) Argentine tango "Suite Punta Del Este" — Ástor Piazzolla Safe
Ty & Chelsie 25 (9, 8, 8) Lindy Hop "You and Me and the Bottle Makes 3 Tonight (Baby)" — Big Bad Voodoo Daddy Safe
Steve & Karina 12 (4, 4, 4) Argentine tango "Cité Tango" — Gotan Project Eliminated
Melissa & Tony 29 (10, 9, 10) Lindy Hop "Brown Derby Jump" — Cherry Poppin' Daddies Safe
Holly & Dmitry 16 (5, 6, 5) Argentine tango "Libertango" — Bond Eliminated
Steve-O & Lacey 15 (5, 5, 5) Lindy Hop "Dance Little Sister" — The Rolling Stones Bottom three
Gilles & Cheryl 30 (10, 10, 10) Argentine tango "Assassin's Tango" — John Powell Safe
Shawn & Mark 25 (8, 8, 9) Lindy Hop "Ready Teddy" — Little Richard Safe

Week 5 edit

Each couple performed either the paso doble or Viennese waltz. The two couples in the bottom two competed against each other in a dance-off to determine which would also be eliminated. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Chuck & Julianne 23 (7, 8, 8) Viennese waltz "Feels Like Today" — Rascal Flatts Safe
Lawrence & Edyta 20 (6, 7, 7) Paso doble "Granada" — Agustín Lara Bottom two
Shawn & Mark 26 (9, 8, 9) Viennese waltz "Ordinary Day" — Vanessa Carlton Safe
Melissa & Tony 25 (8, 8, 9) Paso doble "Poker Face" — Lady Gaga Safe
David & Kym 22 (7, 8, 7) Viennese waltz "I Put a Spell on You" — Screamin' Jay Hawkins Bottom two
Gilles & Cheryl 29 (10, 9, 10) Paso doble "Habanera" — Charlotte Church Safe
Steve-O & Lacey 18 (6, 6, 6) Viennese waltz "Complainte de la Butte" — Rufus Wainwright Safe
Ty & Chelsie 21 (7, 7, 7) Paso doble "Barracuda" — Heart Safe
Lil' Kim & Derek 26 (9, 8, 9) Viennese waltz "I'll Be" — Edwin McCain Safe
Dance-off
Couple Scores Dance Music Result
David & Kym 24 (8, 8, 8) Viennese waltz "I Put a Spell on You" — Screamin' Jay Hawkins Eliminated
Lawrence & Edyta 20 (6, 7, 7) Paso doble "Granada" — Agustín Lara Safe

Week 6 edit

Each couple performed either the jive or rumba. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Ty & Chelsie 18 (6, 6, 6) Jive "The Girl's Gone Wild" — Travis Tritt Safe
Shawn & Mark 26 (8, 9, 9) Rumba "Slow Dancing in a Burning Room" — John Mayer Safe
Lawrence & Edyta 22 (7, 7, 8) Jive "Ain't That Peculiar" — Marvin Gaye Safe
Melissa & Tony 27 (9, 9, 9) Rumba "If I Were a Boy" — Beyoncé Safe
Lil' Kim & Derek 28 (10, 8, 10) Jive "Jailhouse Rock" — Elvis Presley Safe
Steve-O & Lacey 16 (7, 4, 5) Rumba "Fall for You" — Secondhand Serenade Eliminated
Gilles & Cheryl 26 (9, 8, 9) Jive "Dance, Dance" — Fall Out Boy Safe
Chuck & Julianne 23 (8, 7, 8) Rumba "She Will Be Loved" — Maroon 5 Safe

Week 7 edit

Each couple performed one unlearned dance, and they all participated in a group swing dance. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Melissa & Tony 29 (10, 9, 10) Argentine tango "Mi Confesión" — Gotan Project Safe
Lawrence & Edyta 21 (7, 7, 7) Waltz "Open Arms" — Journey Eliminated
Lil' Kim & Derek 26 (9, 8, 9) Rumba "Lost Without U" — Robin Thicke Safe
Chuck & Julianne 27 (9, 9, 9) Samba "Bailá, Bailá" — Angela Via, feat. Joe Budden Safe
Ty & Chelsie 24 (8, 8, 8) Waltz "Strawberry Wine" — Deana Carter Safe
Shawn & Mark 28 (9, 9, 10) Cha-cha-cha "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)" — Michael Jackson Safe
Gilles & Cheryl 27 (9, 9, 9) Viennese waltz "I Go to Sleep" — The Pretenders Safe
Chuck & Julianne
Gilles & Cheryl
Lawrence & Edyta
Lil' Kim & Derek
Melissa & Tony
Shawn & Mark
Ty & Chelsie
No scores
received
Group
Swing
"The Clapping Song" — Shirley Ellis

Week 8 edit

Each couple performed one unlearned dance, plus participated in a group dance. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Due to an injury, Melissa Rycroft was unable to perform her jive or participate in the team dance on the live show. Lacey Schwimmer filled in for her on the team dance, while Rycroft's rehearsal footage for her jive was shown and scored instead.[4][5]

Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Gilles & Cheryl 27 (9, 9, 9) Lindy Hop "Go Daddy-O" — Big Bad Voodoo Daddy Safe
Lil' Kim & Derek 28 (9, 9, 10) Paso doble "El gato montés" — Manuel Penella Safe
Chuck & Julianne 26 (9, 9, 8) Cha-cha-cha "I'm Outta Love" — Anastacia Eliminated
Shawn & Mark 27 (10, 8, 9) Samba "Get Down on It" — Kool and the Gang Safe
Melissa & Tony 21 (7, 7, 7) Jive "We Got the Beat" — The Go-Go's Safe
Ty & Chelsie 24 (9, 7, 8) Salsa "Vehicle" — The Ides of March Safe
Chuck & Julianne
Lacey & Tony
Shawn & Mark
25 (8, 8, 9) Team Mambo "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" — Beyoncé
Gilles & Cheryl
Lil' Kim & Derek
Ty & Chelsie
28 (9, 9, 10) Team Tango "Womanizer" — Britney Spears

Week 9 edit

Each couple performed two unlearned dances. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Shawn & Mark 27 (9, 9, 9) Quickstep "Friend Like Me" — Robin Williams Safe
29 (10, 9, 10) Paso doble "Gotta Get thru This" — Daniel Bedingfield
Ty & Chelsie 25 (8, 9, 8) Argentine tango "Amor que se baila" — Otros Aires Bottom two
21 (7, 7, 7) Rumba "Free Fallin'" — Tom Petty
Lil' Kim & Derek 25 (8, 9, 8) Waltz "When I Need You" — Leo Sayer Eliminated
27 (9, 9, 9) Salsa "Por Arriba, Por Abajo" — Ricky Martin
Gilles & Cheryl 29 (10, 9, 10) Foxtrot "Fever" — Peggy Lee Safe
27 (9, 9, 9) Rumba "Sexual Healing" — Marvin Gaye
Melissa & Tony 27 (9, 9, 9) Viennese waltz "Angel" — Sarah McLachlan Safe
30 (10, 10, 10) Samba "Jaleo" — Ricky Martin

Week 10 edit

Each couple performed two unlearned dances. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Melissa & Tony 28 (9, 10, 9) Quickstep "I Got Rhythm" — Ella Fitzgerald Safe
27 (9, 9, 9) Cha-cha-cha "Save the Last Dance for Me" — Ben E. King
Gilles & Cheryl 30 (10, 10, 10) Waltz "Come Away with Me" — Norah Jones Safe
30 (10, 10, 10) Salsa "I Know You Want Me (Calle Ocho)" — Pitbull
Shawn & Mark 30 (10, 10, 10) Argentine tango "Asi se Baila el Tango" — Bailongo Safe
26 (9, 8, 9) Jive "Reet Petite" — Jackie Wilson
Ty & Chelsie 25 (8, 9, 8) Viennese waltz "Tuesday's Gone" — Lynyrd Skynyrd Eliminated
23 (8, 7, 8) Samba "Concrete and Clay" — Unit 4 + 2

Week 11: Finals edit

On the first night, each couple competed in a group paso doble, where they each received their own set of scores, and then performed their freestyle routines. On the second night, each couple performed their favorite dance of the season. Couples are listed in the order they performed.

Night 1
Couple Scores Dance Music
Shawn & Mark 28 (9, 9, 10) Group
Paso doble
"So What" — Pink
Melissa & Tony 29 (10, 9, 10)
Gilles & Cheryl 30 (10, 10, 10)
Shawn & Mark 30 (10, 10, 10) Freestyle "Do Your Thing" — Basement Jaxx
Melissa & Tony 27 (9, 9, 9) Freestyle "Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)" — C+C Music Factory
Gilles & Cheryl 28 (9, 10, 9) Freestyle "Flashdance (What a Feeling)" — Irene Cara
Night 2
Couple Scores Dance Music Result
Shawn & Mark 30 (10, 10, 10) Cha-cha-cha "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)" — Michael Jackson Winners
Melissa & Tony 30 (10, 10, 10) Samba "Jaleo" — Ricky Martin Third place
Gilles & Cheryl 30 (10, 10, 10) Argentine tango "Assassin's Tango" — John Powell Runners-up

Dance chart edit

The couples performed the following each week:

  • Week 1: One unlearned dance (cha-cha-cha or waltz)
  • Week 2: One unlearned dance (quickstep or salsa)
  • Week 3: One unlearned dance (foxtrot or samba)
  • Week 4: One unlearned dance (Argentine tango or Lindy Hop)
  • Week 5: One unlearned dance (paso doble or Viennese waltz)
  • Week 6: One unlearned dance (jive or rumba)
  • Week 7: One unlearned dance & swing group dance
  • Week 8: One unlearned dance & team dance
  • Week 9: Two unlearned dances
  • Week 10: Two unlearned dances
  • Week 11 (Night 1): Group paso doble & freestyle
  • Week 11 (Night 2): Favorite dance of the season

Color key:

  No scores received.
Dancing with the Stars (season 8) - Dance chart
Couple Week
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Night 1 Night 2
Shawn & Mark Waltz Salsa Foxtrot Lindy Hop Viennese waltz Rumba Cha-cha-cha Group Swing[a] Samba Team
Mambo
Quickstep Paso doble Argentine tango Jive Group
Paso doble
Freestyle Cha-cha-cha
Gilles & Cheryl Cha-cha-cha Quickstep Samba Argentine tango Paso doble Jive Viennese waltz Lindy Hop Team
Tango
Foxtrot Rumba Waltz Salsa Freestyle Argentine tango
Melissa & Tony Waltz Salsa Foxtrot Lindy Hop Paso doble Rumba Argentine tango Jive Team
Mambo
Viennese waltz Samba Quickstep Cha-cha-cha Freestyle Samba
Ty & Chelsie Cha-cha-cha Quickstep Foxtrot Lindy Hop Paso doble Jive Waltz Salsa Team
Tango
Argentine tango Rumba Viennese waltz Samba
Lil' Kim & Derek Cha-cha-cha Quickstep Samba Argentine tango Viennese waltz Jive Rumba Paso doble Team
Tango
Waltz Salsa
Chuck & Julianne Waltz Salsa Foxtrot Lindy Hop Viennese waltz Rumba Samba Cha-cha-cha Team
Mambo
Lawrence & Edyta Cha-cha-cha Quickstep Samba Argentine tango Paso doble Jive Waltz
Steve-O & Lacey Waltz Salsa Foxtrot Lindy Hop Viennese waltz Rumba
David & Kym Waltz Salsa Foxtrot Lindy Hop Viennese waltz
Steve & Karina Cha-cha-cha Quickstep Samba Argentine tango
Holly & Dmitry Cha-cha-cha Quickstep Samba Argentine tango
Denise & Maksim Cha-cha-cha Quickstep Samba
Belinda & Jonathan Waltz Salsa
Notes
  1. ^ No scores were received for this dance.

References edit

  1. ^ May 20, Annie Barrett Updated; EDT, 2009 at 04:00 PM. "Dancing with the Stars season finale recap: Shawn and Mark Flip Out". EW.com. Retrieved September 14, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ a b theseat42f (March 6, 2009). "Jewel And Nancy O'Dell Withdraw From Season 8 Of Dancing With The Stars | Seat42F". seat42f.com. Retrieved September 14, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ "Steve-O misses 'Dancing' due to injury". Digital Spy. March 17, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  4. ^ "Dancing with the Stars: Melissa Rycroft Injured - Rehearsal Footage". Peoplemag. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  5. ^ "Melissa Injured, Misses 'Dancing'". Extra. Retrieved September 14, 2022.

External links edit