Dalle Khursani (Nepali: डल्ले खुर्सानी), Akabare Khursani, red cherry pepper chilli or simply Dalle is a variety of chilli pepper primarily cultivated in Nepal, Indian state of Sikkim, and Darjeeling and Kalimpong districts of Indian state of West Bengal.[1] Its pungency ranges between 100,000 and 350,000 SHU (Scoville heat units), similar to the Habanero chilli pepper.[2]

Dalle Khursani
SpeciesCapsicum annuum
CultivarDalle Khursani
OriginNepal & India
Heat Very hot
Scoville scale100,000 – 350,001 SHU

Dalle Khursani are the only known polyploidal variety of pepper.[3]

In 2020, Indian state of Sikkim received a Geographic Indication (GI) tag for the pepper. The GI tag was further extended to Darjeeling and Kalimpong districts on 14 September 2021.[4][5]

Etymology edit

The name Dalle Khursani literally translates to ‘round chillies’ in Nepali, owing to its physical attributes. In Nepal, it is also called Akabare Khursani (lit. king of chillies) or Jyanmara Khursani (lit. murderer chillies).[1][6]

Dalle Khursani and Tama (Fermented Bamboo Shoot) achaar, a popular Nepali pickle

Serving methods edit

  • Whole chilli: as a relish eaten with Dal bhat.[2]
  • Chopped: used in various vegetable and meat curries.
  • Paste: as chutneys and sauces for Momo.
  • Pickle: Dalle Achaar
  • Fermented: fermented with yak–buttermilk

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Dalle Khursani: Sikkim's Red Hot Chilli Pepper". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  2. ^ a b "Dalle Khursani - When You Don't Feel Spicy Enough!". NDTV Food. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  3. ^ Jha, Timir Baran; Bhowmick, Biplab Kumar (July 2021). "Conservation of floral, fruit and chromosomal diversity: a review on diploid and polyploid Capsicum annuum complex in India". Molecular Biology Reports. pp. 5587–5605. doi:10.1007/s11033-021-06355-4. Retrieved 19 May 2024.
  4. ^ "Chilli earns hill-district duo GI tag, honour for 'Dalle Khursani' belts". Telegraph India.
  5. ^ "One of the world's spiciest chillies — Sikkim's Dalle Khursani — to get GI tag". The Print. 5 September 2020.
  6. ^ "पिरो अकबरे खुर्सानीको गुलियो फाइदा :: शिलापत्र संवाददाता :: Shilapatra शिलापत्र - खबरको स्थायी ठेगाना". shilapatra.com. Retrieved 2022-09-23.