Dallas, Oregon

Dallas is a city and the county seat of Polk County, Oregon, United States. The population was 14,583 at the 2010 census.[7]

Dallas, Oregon
Polk County Courthouse
Polk County Courthouse
Location in Polk County, Oregon
Coordinates: 44°55′16″N 123°18′59″W / 44.92111°N 123.31639°W / 44.92111; -123.31639Coordinates: 44°55′16″N 123°18′59″W / 44.92111°N 123.31639°W / 44.92111; -123.31639
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyPolk
Incorporated1874
Government
 • MayorBrian Dalton[1]
Area
 • Total4.91 sq mi (12.71 km2)
 • Land4.91 sq mi (12.71 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
325 ft (99.1 m)
Population
 • Total14,583
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
16,979
 • Density3,460.86/sq mi (1,336.26/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific)
ZIP code
97338
Area code(s)503 and 971
FIPS code41-17700[5]
GNIS feature ID1162930[6]
WebsiteCity of Dallas

Dallas is along Rickreall Creek, about 15 miles (24 km) west of Salem, at an elevation of 325 feet (99 m) above sea level. It is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

Dallas was settled in the 1840s on the north side of Rickreall Creek and was originally named "Cynthian" or "Cynthiana".[8] A 1947 Itemizer-Observer article[9] states: "[T]he town was called Cynthiana after Cynthiana, Ky., so named by Mrs. Thos. Lovelady." The History of Polk County Oregon, 1987, Page 12, states: "To Mrs. Thomas J. Lovelady was given the honor of naming the new settlement and she selected the name after her home town of Cynthiana, Kentucky."

Another source claims that the origin of the name may have been Jesse Applegate's wife, Cynthia Ann.[8] However, she lived in the Salt Creek area of northern Polk County and, according to the 1850 Federal Census, had already left Polk County by 1850.

Dallas post office was established in 1852.[8]

In 1856, the town was moved more than a mile south because of an inadequate supply of water.[8]

Dallas was in competition with Independence to be the county seat and the citizens of Dallas raised $17,000 in order to have a branch of the narrow gauge railroad come to their town, thus securing the honor.[8] The line was built from 1878–80.[8] A more suitable name for a county seat was needed, and since George Mifflin Dallas was vice-president under James K. Polk, for whom the county was named, "Dallas" was a natural choice.[8]

Dallas was incorporated as a town in 1874 and as a city in 1901.[citation needed]

Gerlinger familyEdit

Louis Gerlinger, Sr. incorporated the Salem, Falls City and Western Railway Company late in October 1901 and announced plans to build a railroad from the Willamette River at Salem to the mouth of the Siletz River on the Oregon Coast, a distance of 65 miles (105 km).[10]

In 1902, Louis's son George T. Gerlinger organized a group of investors to build railroad lines in the area.

On May 29, 1903, the first train ran from Dallas to Falls City. At the end of June, passenger trains began regularly scheduled trips to and from Dallas and Falls City each day; the 9-mile (14 km), 40-minute, one-way trip cost 35 cents.

Willamette Industries was founded in Dallas in 1906. At that time the company name was Willamette Valley Lumber Company.[11] Louis Gerlinger, Sr. was president of the new company and H. L. Pittock, vice president. George T. Gerlinger served as secretary and manager while F. W. Leadbetter was treasurer. George Cone served as director and mill superintendent.[10] In 1967, Willamette Valley Lumber and several others merged to become Willamette Industries.[12]

In March 2002, Willamette Industries was officially acquired by Weyerhaeuser Company in a hostile takeover. In early 2009, Weyerhaeuser's Mill formally closed down its Dallas operation. Also Gerlinger Carrier Company in Dallas, Oregon that was taken over by Towmotor.

GeographyEdit

 
Dallas High School

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.81 square miles (12.46 km2), all of it land.[13]

ClimateEdit

Dallas has a mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) with warm to very warm, dry summers with cool mornings, and cold, rainy winters. Occasionally frigid weather will reach the Willamette Valley due to very cold continental air from Canada being driven over the Cascades by a low-pressure system to the south, as occurred repeatedly in January 1950 when temperatures reached as low as −11 °F or −23.9 °C on the 31st and 68.0 inches (1.73 m) of snow fell. However, snowfall is generally very rare, with an annual mean of 4.9 inches or 0.12 metres and a median of zero.

Rainfall is generally heavy during the winter months, averaging over 6.50 inches (170 mm) from November to February, when rain falls on around seventeen days in an average month, and on all but one day in November 1983.[14] The wettest month has however been December 1996 with 21.93 inches (557.0 mm) and the wettest “rain year” from July 1973 to June 1974 with 80.01 inches (2,032.3 mm). As with most of Oregon, the driest “rain year” was from July 1976 to June 1977 and saw only 23.78 inches (604.0 mm).

Spring arrives slowly with pleasant afternoon temperatures and less heavy rainfall by April, although showers are common until into June. High summer in July and August is very warm in the afternoon and generally dry, with no rain falling for 79 days between June 23 and September 9 of 1967, which saw the hottest month on record in August 1967 where the mean maximum was 92.1 °F (33.4 °C). Low humidity and pleasant mornings make this season comfortable, although airflows from the hot continent can bring spells of sweltering and arid weather, with 106 °F or 41.1 °C reached on July 19 of 1956 and on August 8 of 1981. On average, eighteen afternoons will top 90 °F or 32.2 °C but only two can expect to reach 100 °F or 37.8 °C, while 62 mornings fall below freezing, but only two spells in January-February 1950 and December 1972 have ever seen temperatures as low as 0 °F or −17.8 °C.

Climate data for Dallas, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
71
(22)
90
(32)
88
(31)
98
(37)
102
(39)
106
(41)
106
(41)
104
(40)
91
(33)
76
(24)
66
(19)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 45.3
(7.4)
49.7
(9.8)
55.2
(12.9)
60.4
(15.8)
66.9
(19.4)
73.0
(22.8)
80.9
(27.2)
81.5
(27.5)
76.7
(24.8)
64.7
(18.2)
50.7
(10.4)
44.2
(6.8)
62.4
(16.9)
Average low °F (°C) 33.1
(0.6)
34.8
(1.6)
36.9
(2.7)
39.4
(4.1)
43.7
(6.5)
47.8
(8.8)
50.4
(10.2)
49.8
(9.9)
47.0
(8.3)
41.2
(5.1)
37.2
(2.9)
33.2
(0.7)
41.2
(5.1)
Record low °F (°C) −11
(−24)
−2
(−19)
10
(−12)
24
(−4)
27
(−3)
31
(−1)
35
(2)
34
(1)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
9
(−13)
−2
(−19)
−11
(−24)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 7.82
(199)
6.66
(169)
5.33
(135)
3.24
(82)
2.21
(56)
1.41
(36)
0.50
(13)
0.67
(17)
1.44
(37)
3.28
(83)
7.79
(198)
8.78
(223)
49.13
(1,248)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 17.7 15.5 16.4 12.8 10.3 7.2 3.3 3.5 6.5 10.4 17.5 17.6 138.7
Source: [15]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880670
189084826.6%
19001,27149.9%
19102,12467.1%
19202,70127.2%
19302,97510.1%
19403,57920.3%
19504,79333.9%
19605,0725.8%
19706,36125.4%
19808,53034.1%
19909,42210.5%
200012,45932.2%
201014,58317.0%
2019 (est.)16,979[4]16.4%
Sources:[5][16][17][18][19]

The median income in 2000 for a household in the city was $35,967, and the median income for a family was $45,156. Males had a median income of $34,271 versus $22,941 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,734. About 7.8% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 14,583 people, 5,747 households, and 3,952 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,031.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,170.6/km2). There were 6,137 housing units at an average density of 1,275.9 per square mile (492.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.6% White, 0.2% African American, 2.0% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 5.9% of the population.

There were 5,747 households, of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.2% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 18.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

MediaEdit

The Polk County Itemizer-Observer is a weekly newspaper published in Dallas since 1875. KWIP (880 AM) is the only radio station currently licensed to the city.

InfrastructureEdit

Dallas' only hospital is West Valley Hospital. Oregon Route 223 is the only state highway that serves the city.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mayor - Dallas, OR - Official Website". www.ci.dallas.or.us.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 266. ISBN 978-0875952772.
  9. ^ quoted in 100 Years in Polk County: A Centennial Background
  10. ^ a b Catherine A. Baldwin (1982). Making the Most of the Best: Willamette Industries' Seventy-Five Years. (Portland, OR: Willamette Industries, 172 p.).
  11. ^ "Weyerhaeuser tries to take over Willamette Forest Industries". www.bio.net.
  12. ^ "SEC 10K for 1999".
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  14. ^ "NOW Data". National Weather Service, Portland, Oregon.
  15. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
  16. ^ "Population-Oregon" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  17. ^ "Population-Oregon" (PDF). 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  18. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  19. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  20. ^ Markoff, John (December 20, 2004). "A Toy With a Story". The New York Times.
  21. ^ "Gerlinger Carrier Company - straddle carriers for industry". Gerlingercarrier.com. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  22. ^ The Packages - Google Boeken. 1919. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  23. ^ Journals of the Senate and House of the ... Legislative Assembly. State Printing Department. 1915. p. 96.
  24. ^ "Artifacts Along U. S. 99 West | Oregon history by Kenneth Munford". Bentoncountymuseum.org. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  25. ^ "Mark O. Hatfield Library: Mark O. Hatfield Biography". Library.willamette.edu. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  26. ^ "Former Oregon Star Confident of Victory". Register-Guard. October 24, 1961. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  27. ^ "Jordan Poyer Biography". ESPN.
  28. ^ Dahl, Bill. "Johnnie Ray". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2012.

External linksEdit