Dalkey (// DAW-kee; Irish: Deilginis, meaning "thorn island") is an affluent suburb of Dublin, and a seaside resort southeast of the city, and the town of Dún Laoghaire, in the historic County Dublin, Ireland. It was founded as a Viking settlement and became an active port during the Middle Ages. According to chronicler John Clyn (c.1286–c.1349), it was one of the ports through which the plague entered Ireland in the mid-14th century. In modern times, Dalkey has become a seaside suburb that attracts some tourist visitors.
Suburb (village core)
Castle Street, Dalkey
|Elevation||26 m (85 ft)|
|Eircode (Routing Key)|
|Area code(s)||01 (+3531)|
|Irish Grid Reference|
One of Dublin's wealthiest districts, it has been home to writers and celebrities including Jane Emily Herbert, Maeve Binchy, Robert Fisk, Hugh Leonard, Bono, the Edge, Van Morrison and Enya. Dalkey lies within the jurisdiction of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Council.
Dalkey lies by the coast, between Dún Laoghaire (and Sandycove and Glasthule) and Killiney. Off the coast are Dalkey Island (up to the 18th century, also "St. Begnet's Island"), Malden Rock, Clare Rock, Lamb Island, and, further offshore, The Muglins, which have their own lighthouse. The town is on fairly level land, but the district rises to Dalkey Hill (140 m), the northern peak of a ridge which continues to Killiney Hill to the southwest; the two hills are now contained within the public park known as Killiney Hill Park. Along the coast are the natural harbour at Bullock, a couple of small inlets, Sorrento Point just east of the town proper, and the northern park of Killiney Bay.
Dalkey Island is home to a colony of seals, and a herd of wild goats also lives on the island. Birdwatch Ireland have established a colony of Roseate Terns on Maiden Rock just north of Dalkey Island. A pod of three bottlenose dolphins also frequents the waters around Dalkey Island. There are red squirrels and sparrow hawks on Killiney Hill.
There are several small harbours on the coast of Dalkey. Bulloch Harbour is the biggest; it is towards the northern part of Dalkey at Harbour Road and is a declared seal sanctuary. Coliemore Harbour is smaller and in the southern part of Dalkey at Coliemore Road. In the Middle Ages, Coliemore was the main harbour for Dublin City. Bulloch Harbour is still a working harbour with boats that fish for lobster and crab, and mackerel in season. It is also used by locals and tourists who hire boats for nearby fishing, sightseeing and for getting to Dalkey Island.
Dalkey Quarry is a disused granite quarry, stone from which was used during the 19th century to build Dún Laoghaire Harbour, and is now a rock climbing location within Killiney Hill Park. During the building of the harbour, the quarry was connected to Dún Laoghaire via a metal tramway known as 'The Metals', some parts of which are still visible in some parts of Dalkey. Dalkey granite was also shipped by sea to Kylemore Abbey in Connemara, County Galway for the facade of the Abbey. Granite from Dalkey quarry was also used for building The Thames Embankment in London, All Saint's Church in Raheny and many other buildings.
Culture and tourismEdit
Dalkey's main street, Castle Street, has a 10th Century church and two 14th Century Norman castles, one of which, Goat's Castle, houses the local Heritage Centre (the other, Archbold's Castle, is private property). There are several scenic and historical walks and tours. Dalkey Hill offers views over Dublin city, Dublin Bay, and towards the Dublin and Wicklow Mountains.
Deilg Inis Living History Theatre Company run live theatre performances every half-hour at Dalkey Castle and Heritage Centre.
Boats are available to hire at Bulloch Harbour on Harbour Road and Yacht trips around Dalkey Island can be taken from nearby Dún Laoghaire Harbour. Dalkey Quarry is a rock climbing and abseiling venue. Killiney Hill is also used as a launch site for para-gliders.
Dalkey has a number of pubs and restaurants.
Dalkey Book Festival was set up to "celebrate and foster literary talent" in and around the town. The festival takes place over a weekend in mid-June every year. Festival directors, David McWilliams and Sian Smyth, work with the support of a team of volunteers and the Dalkey Business Group to run the festival. Festival contributors have included Salman Rushdie, Amos Oz, Seamus Heaney, Gabriel Byrne, Edna O'Brien, Roddy Doyle, Maeve Binchy, Joseph O'Connor, Tim Pat Coogan, Derek Landy, Jennifer Johnston, Robert Fisk, Eamon Morrissey, John Waters, Matt Cooper, Julian Gough, Dawn O'Porter and Sinéad Cusack.
The village also hosts the "Dalkey Lobster Festival" in late August, which "showcases local seafood and global jazz musicians".
There are 5 schools in Dalkey:
- Loreto Primary School caters for boys from junior infants through first class, and for girls from junior infants through sixth class.
- Loreto Abbey Secondary School caters for girls from first year through sixth year.
- Harold Boys' National School caters for boys from second class through sixth class.
- Saint Patrick's National School caters for boys and girls from junior infants through sixth class.
- Castle Park School is an independent school for boys and girls from Montessori to the end of primary school.
Cuala CLG, a Gaelic Athletic Association sports club, and Dalkey United, an association football club, are both based at Hyde Park. Early in his soccer career, Paul McGrath played for Dalkey United. In the 1940s, the town produced another international footballer, Peter Farrell. It has set up an athletics club, the Dalkey Dashers. Dalkey Rowing Club is based at Coliemore Harbour and Kayaking is taught at Bulloch. Dalkey Sea Scouts keep two old sailing boats at Bulloch Harbour.
Swimming and divingEdit
The Vico Bathing Place and Whiterock Beach, accessed off Vico Road, offer sea swims. Both have changing shelters.
Sandycove Beach and the adjacent 'Forty Foot' bathing place are a short distance away, beside the Joyce Tower.
Dalkey Sound and the islands beyond are used as scuba diving locations.
The current Dalkey railway station was opened on 10 July 1854. The station is served by the DART electric rail system which affords quick access to and from Dublin City Centre. Clifftop views of Dalkey Island and Killiney Bay are afforded as the train emerges from a short tunnel just south of Dalkey Station.
An Aircoach service with a stop at Hyde Road links the area with Dublin Airport. Go-Ahead Ireland and Dublin Bus services 7D, 59 and 111 link the area with the nearby seaside town of Dún Laoghaire and the city centre.
Dalkey is the original hometown of two Irish writers: novelists Maeve Binchy and playwright Hugh Leonard. It is also the setting for Flann O'Brien's novel The Dalkey Archive. Several well-known Irish and international music figures — including U2 members Bono and The Edge, Enya, Chris de Burgh and Van Morrison — have also bought residences in the area. Film director Neil Jordan lives in the town.
Singer Lisa Stansfield is a former resident.
George Bernard Shaw has a close association with the area. He lived in Torca Cottage on Dalkey Hill from 1866 to 1874.
Matt Damon, his wife and their three youngest daughters resided in Dalkey during the COVID-19 pandemic. Damon had arrived in Dalkey to shoot scenes in The Last Duel, a medieval drama directed by Ridley Scott, just before production on the film was suspended in mid-March.
One of the patron saints of Dalkey is St. Begnet, a probable 7th century figure. A ruined church and a holy well on Dalkey Island are named for her, as is another ruined church near the town centre.
King of DalkeyEdit
This putative elective monarchy is a tradition of the people of Dalkey. The freemen of Dalkey inherited the right to elect this King through the boredom of young bloods in Dublin in 1787. They formed a club into which they roped wits, poets and thinkers. They summoned "Pimlico Parliament" - named after the Liberties, Dublin, and from an assembly room they hurled broadsides at the country's humbug and the pomposity of Dublin Castle and its hacks.
The full title is "King of Dalkey, Emperor of the Vikings, Prince of the Holy Island of Magee, Baron of Bulloch, Seigneur of Sandycove, Defender of the Faith and Respector of All Others, Elector of Lambay and Ireland's Eye, and Sovereign of the Most Illustrious Order of the Lobster and Periwinkle." During the years twenty knee-breeched courtiers in 18th century costume attended the King of Dalkey on Coronation Day. In later times the costumes were hired from a theatrical costumiers in Dublin.
More than 420 attended the regal procession, carnival and coronation on 20 August 1797 as Stephen Armitage (pawnbroker and printer) became "King Stephen the First, King of Dalkey". Then came the 1798 Rising and its ensuing political unrest, that interrupted this putative cultural monarchy. However, the tradition was revived in 1850, 1934, in 1965 as part of a week-long festival, again in 1983, and still continues. The current King is the local sacristan, Finbarr Madden.
Local tradition says that Hugh Dempsey was crowned "King of Dalkey" about 1780. On the south side of the old church lies another stone which says: "This stone was erected by Mr. Murtagh Dempsey of the City of Dublin in Memory of his affectionate son Hugh Dempsey blockmake of said City who departed this Life April 7th 1790."
- "Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2011. Note: The figure given is the sum of the populations of the Dalkey-Avondale, Dalkey-Bullock, Dalkey-Coliemore, Dalkey Hill and Dalkey Upper sections of the area.
- Carswell, Simon (6 May 2017). "Homeless in South County Dublin". The Irish Times. Dublin, Ireland.
- "Deprivation Maps for Ireland". Deprivation Index. Trutz Haase. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
- "Popular Dalkey bistro for over €575,000". Irish Times. 5 February 2014.
Dalkey has become .. one of Dublin's most affluent suburbs
- "Rich and famous make their homes in Dalkey". Irish Times. 4 July 1998.
- "Rich and famous make their homes in Dalkey". The Irish Times. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
- "Robert Fisk: Celebrated Middle East correspondent of The Independent dies aged 74". The Independent. 1 November 2020.
- Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Council – Killiney Hill Park
- Studio, ClaPat. "Ken The Ferryman". kentheferryman.com. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- "Kylemore Abbey & Walled Garden - Oughterard Tourism". www.oughterardtourism.com. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
- "Dalkey Lobster Festival | Your Essential Guide 2017". Ireland's Seafood Festivals | Essential Guide. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- Irish Underwater Council – Dalkey Sound, Dalkey Island, The Muglins
- "Dalkey station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 31 August 2007.
- "Industrial Heritage Ireland". Archived from the original on 30 December 2005. Retrieved 3 February 2008.
- Diaz, Johnny (13 May 2020). "Matt Damon Dishes About His Irish Lockdown in Radio Interview". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
- "KINGS OF DALKEY (1787 to the present day)". www.dalkeyhomepage.ie. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
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