King Daeso (대소왕, 帶素王) (60 BC – 22 AD) (ruled 7 BC–22 AD) was the third ruler of the ancient Korean kingdom of Dongbuyeo.

Daeso
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationDaeso Wang
McCune–ReischauerTaeso Wang

Early lifeEdit

Daeso was the first son of King Geumwa, and the grandson of Dongbuyeo's founder and first ruler, Hae Buru. As the eldest son of Geumwa, he was made Crown Prince of Dongbuyeo.

Goguryeo's founder, Jumong's exceptional skill at archery gave cause for tremendous jealousy and envy from Daeso and his six brothers. Jumong knew that his continuing presence in Dongbuyeo placed him in real danger, so he decided to flee to Jolbon Buyeo. In 37 BC, Jumong established Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. In 7 BC, King Geumwa died, elevating Daeso to the throne of Dongbuyeo.[1]

War with GoguryeoEdit

As king, Daeso gathered enough military power to attack Goguryeo. Before attacking, however, he sent an envoy to Goguryeo's King Yuri, ordering him to send a royal hostage to Dongbuyeo. Goguryeo rejected the order leading to the first Goguryeo-Dongbuyeo war to occur in 6 AD. Daeso directly led a 50,000-man army into Goguryeo, but was forced to retreat when heavy snow began to fall. After this defeat, Daeso had to wait seven years before he could seek to regain what he had lost from the first war with Goguryeo. In 13 AD, Daeso led his armies into Goguryeo once again. This time, Muhyul, crown prince of Goguryeo, led the armies of Goguryeo in a well-planned ambush and slaughtered virtually all of Daeso's army. Only Daeso and a few of his men escaped back to Dongbuyeo.

Death and aftermathEdit

After the death of Goguryeo's King Yuri, Crown Prince Muhyul rose to the throne to become King Daemusin. In 21 AD, King Daemusin led an army and invaded Dongbuyeo, eventually killing Daeso, but he didn't destroy Dongbuyeo. Instead, in 22 AD the third son of King Yuri, Dojin, was given responsibility for Dongbuyeo but with its territory being absorbed into the kingdom of Goguryeo.

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

Preceded by
Geumwa of Dongbuyeo
Rulers of Dongbuyeo
(Dongbuyeo)

7 BCE –22
Succeeded by
Dojin of Dongbuyeo

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "대소왕" [Daeso Wang]. terms.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2019-06-03.