Dactylorhiza romana

Dactylorhiza romana, the Roman dactylorhiza, is a species of orchid. It is native to the Mediterranean Region of southern Europe and northern Africa, the range extending eastward to Iran and Turkmenistan.[1][2][3][4][5]

Roman dactylorhiza
Dactylorhiza romana Mg-k t0301025.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Genus: Dactylorhiza
D. romana
Binomial name
Dactylorhiza romana
(Sebast.) Soó (1962)
  • Orchis romana Sebast.
  • Dactylorhiza sambucina subsp. romana (Sebast.) Bornm.
  • Dactylorchis romana (Sebast.) Verm.
  • Orchis georgica (Klinge) Medw.
  • Orchis flavescens K.Koch
  • Dactylorchis flavescens (K.Koch) Verm.
  • Dactylorhiza flavescens (K.Koch) Holub
  • Dactylorhiza ruprechtii Aver.
  • Orchis guimaraesii (E.G.Camus) Rivas Goday
  • Orchis sulphurea Link, invalid
  • Dactylorhiza sulphurea (Link) Franco, invalid
  • Orchis lucana Spreng.
  • Orchis markusii Tineo
  • Orchis natalis Tineo
  • Orchis sicula Tineo
  • Orchis pseudosambucina Ten.
  • Orchis siciliensis (Klinge) A.W.Hill
  • Dactylorhiza libanotica (Mouterde) Aver.
  • Dactylorhiza sicula (Tineo) Aver.
  • Dactylorhiza cantabrica H.A.Pedersen
  • also many more names at the subspecies and variety levels

Three subspecies are recognized:[1]

  • Dactylorhiza romana subsp. georgica (Klinge) Soó ex Renz & Taubenheim - Turkey, Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia (country), Azerbaijan, southern Russia), Iran, Turkmenistan
  • Dactylorhiza romana subsp. guimaraesii (E.G.Camus) H.A.Pedersen - Spain, Portugal, Algeria, Morocco
  • Dactylorhiza romana subsp. romana - Italy, Greece, the Balkans, Turkey, Crimea, Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Orchide romana, Dactylorhiza romana (Sebast.) Soó
  3. ^ Pedersen, H.A. (2006). Systematics and evolution of the Dactylorhiza romana/sambucina polyploid complex (Orchidaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 152: 405-434.
  4. ^ Petrova, A.S., Vladimirov, V. & Stoyanov, Y. (2009). Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. transsilvanica (Orchidaceae): new for the Bulgarian flora. Phytologia Balcanica 15: 389-392.
  5. ^ Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V. & Kit Tan (2012). New floristic records in the Balkans: 18. Phytologia Balcanica 18: 69-92.