The Daco-Roman mixing theory, as an origin for the Romanian people, was formulated by the earliest Romanian scholars, beginning with Dosoftei from Moldavia, in the 17th century, followed in the early 1700s in Transylvania, through the Romanian Uniate clergy and in Wallachia, by the historian Constantin Cantacuzino in his Istoria Țării Rumânești dintru început (History of Wallachia from the beginning), and continued to amplify during the 19th and 20th centuries.
- Regalianus was a Roman usurper and became himself emperor for a brief period of time.
- Aureolus was a Roman military commander and would-be usurper against Gallienus.
- Constantine I was a Roman emperor who ruled between AD 306 and 337. He was the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity.
- Ulpia Severina (fl. 3rd century), the wife of the Emperor Aurelian whose nomen Ulpius was widespread in all the provinces along the Danube may have been from Dacia.
- (in English) Kelley L. Ross The Vlach Connection and Further Reflections on Roman History
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- MacKendrick, Paul Lachlan (2000). The Dacian Stones Speak. The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-4939-2.