DSB Class EA
The DSB Class EA was the first electric locomotive in Denmark, introduced in 1984. Twenty-two were built for DSB, about half were acquired by Deutsche Bahn in 2001 when it took over the freight business of DSB.
|DSB Class EA|
Between 2007 and 2010 some began freight services in Bulgaria, as of 2017 only five units remain with DSB. The units were withdrawn in December 2020.
Background, design and constructionEdit
The first stretch of railway in Denmark was electrified in March 1986; DSB needed an electric locomotive that could be used as a combined freight/passenger unit. The locomotive was based on the German Class 120. The customisation included a re-designed body (adapted to DSB's new locomotive design first used on the Class ME), and adaption to the Danish overhead wire voltage (25 kV 50 Hz, as opposed to the 15 kV 16+2⁄3 Hz voltage used in Germany and other Scandinavian countries).
The locomotives were manufactured by a consortium of companies led by BBC, ABB, Siemens Henschel, Thyssen-Henschel, EB Strømmen and ABB Scandia. The locomotives can work in push pull mode and in multiple.
The bodies of the first two locomotives were manufactured by Henschel in Germany, the remaining units by Scandia.
Initially the locomotives worked on passenger trains in Zealand, after the opening of the Great Belt Fixed Link in 1997 the locomotives were used on services on Funen and Jutland. After the introduction of the IR4 trains the locomotives were mostly used on passenger services.
In 2007, five locomotives were sold to private Bulgarian gas firm Bulmarket for use on its liquified gas trains.
In 2010 DB Schenker Bulgaria began running trains in Bulgaria, using ex DSB EA locomotives it had inherited from Railion; the locomotives received class number 86 whilst retaining the original locomotive number.
DSB EA 3004 and 3010 was withdrawn from service in May 2020 due to bad condition. DSB then had three EAs left 3007, 3020 and 3022. 3007 was only for reserve for 3020 and 3022 which were in better condition. The EA locos only drove on specific train departures Monday to Friday. They were not in service at weekends. DSB had ordered new locomotives, DSB EB (Siemens Vectron) to replace the EA and the first 3 arrived in mid-September 2020. After the EB had gone through test runs, they took over one the EA runs which meant the EA-locos only had one run Monday to Friday. The EA run had four departures two in the morning and two in the afternoon between Østerport - København H (Copenhagen C) - Ringsted. Friday the 11th December 17:57 o´clock (5:57pm) the last EA passenger-towed train (Towed by EA 3020) departed from Ringsted station and arrived at Østerport at 18:58 o´clock (6:58pm). After the arrival the locomotive drove to the workshop for the day. Saturday the 12th December EA 3020 and EA 3022 drove a test run with a wagon from the workshop to Korsør via Høje Taastrup and back to the workshop via the new highspeed track over Køge Nord (Køge North), It was the first, only and last time the EA had driven on the new highspeed track by itself. After the test run, they were withdrawn from service and put for sale with 3007 and 3010.
Thursday 18th February 2021 the last 4 EA-locos was officially sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria to join the rest of the EA series except of EA 3004 which is stored in Denmark Railway Museum
List of locomotivesEdit
|Number||Name||Entered service||History and notes|
|3001||H C Ørsted||1984||First electric train in Denmark 20 March 1986. Repainted in DSB blue livery 2006. Scrapped in January 2017.|
|3002||Niels Bohr||1984||Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007 as 86001|
|3003||Heinrich Wenck||1985||Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007 as 86003|
|3004||Ole Rømer||1985||Received DSB blue livery 2006, ZWS communication system 2015, Received DSB Red livery 2017, Withdrawn from service May 2020 due to bad condition, sold to Danish Railway Museum in 2020.|
|3005||William Radford||1985||Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007 86002|
|3006||Valdemar Poulsen||1985||Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007|
|3007||Kirstine Meyer||1985||Received DSB blue livery 2006, ZWS communication system 2014, Received DSB Red livery 2017, Withdrawn from service the 13rd December 2020 and for sale. Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2021.|
|3008||Otto Busse||1986||Out of service 2004 (used for spares), sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007|
|3009||Anker Engelund||1986||Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2007|
|3010||Søren Hjorth||1986||Received DSB blue livery 2006, ZWS communication system 2015, Received DSB Red livery 2017, Withdrawn from service May 2020 due to bad condition and for sale from 13rd December. Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2021.|
|3011||Thomas B Thrige||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3011 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Romania as 465001 in 2009|
|3012||A R Angelo||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3012 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Romania as 465002 in 2009|
|3013||Wilhelm Hellesen||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3013 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2010|
|3014||C E Krarup||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3014 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2010|
|3015||Nielsine Nielsen||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3014 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria.|
|3016||A W Hauch||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3016 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2009|
|3017||Emil Chr Hansen||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3017 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2010|
|3018||Niels Finsen||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3018 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Romania as 465004 in 2009|
|3019||P O Pedersen||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3019 in 2001, transferred to DB Schenker Bulgaria 2010|
|3020||G F Ursin||1992||In storage 2004-5, received blue DSB livery 2006 and returned to service, ZWS communication system 2015, Received DSB Red livery 2017, Drove the last EA passenger-towed train Friday the 11th. December 2020, Withdrawn from service the 13rd December 2020 and for sale. Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2021.|
|3021||P W Lund||1992||Becomes Railion Denmark EA 3021 in 2001, shipped to Romania 2009|
|3022||Søren Frich||1992||Received DSB blue livery 2006, ZWS communication system 2015, Received DSB Red livery 2017, Withdrawn from service the 13rd December 2020 and for sale. Sold to Bulmarket, Bulgaria 2021.|
- , www.jernbanen.dk
- DSB Litra EA , www.jernbanen.dk
- Electric Locomotives Reference List[permanent dead link] , "Electric Locomotive EA 3000 for Danish State Railways DSB", p.14 , webdoc.siemens.it
- Poulsen, John. Danske Statbaners Motormateriel 1925-2007. Bane Bøger, 2008. p. 234
- Strækningslokomotiver , section "Litra EA 3001-3022." , www.dsb.dk
- Railion recruits another member Railway Gazette International' 1 January 2001
- Steckbrief DSB EA 3001-3022 , www.sebtus.de
- Bulmarket Purchased 5 Used Locomotives from Danmark Archived 11 September 2012 at archive.today , 16 August 2007 , www.rzd-partner.com
- DB Schenker Rail Bulgaria begins independent operations Archived 21 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine , 31 May 2010 , www.eyefortransport.com
- Railion EA 3013 , www.jernbanen.dk
- Lauritsen, Tom (1997). Danske lokomotiver og motorvogne 1997 (in Danish). Frank Stenvalls Förlag. pp. 7–8. ISBN 91-7266-141-0.
- New work for Bulmarket ex Danish electrics Today's Railways Europe issue 148 April 2008 page 45
- Railion EA 3011 , www.jernbanen.dk
- Railion EA 3012 , www.jernbanen.dk
- Chris Bailey; Miroslav Georgiev (October 2010). "DB Schenker EAs at work". Today's Railways Europe (178): 57.
- Railion EA 3014 , www.jernbanen.dk
- Railion EA 3016 , www.jernbanen.dk
- Railion EA 3017 , www.jernbanen.dk
- Railion EA 3018 , www.jernbanen.dk
- Railion EA 3019 , www.jernbanen.dk
- Railion EA 3021 , www.jernbanen.dk
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