Czerweny Electrónica

(Redirected from Czerweny computers)

Tadeo Czerweny S.A.[1][2][3] is an Argentinian manufacturer of transformers and other high-power electrical equipment founded by Tadeo Czerweny in 1958.[2]

Czerweny Electrónica
IndustryHome Computer
Founded1985 (1985)
Defunct1986 (1986)
OwnersTadeo Czerweny S.A.

In 1985 they entered microcomputer field as Czerweny Electrónica, by marketing three rebranded Timex Sinclair models assembled in Argentina:[4][5] the CZ 1000[6][7][8], CZ 1500[9][10][8] and CZ 2000.[11]

These machines had their hardware supplied by Timex Portugal, the portuguese branch of Timex Sinclair.[5] Since Czerweny computers used Timex Sinclair chips and ROMs, their compatibility was close to 100% relative to the original Sinclair machines.[8] They also look similar to the original Timex models. The CZ 1000 was a relabeled Timex Sinclair 1000, the CZ 1500 was similar to the Timex Sinclair 1500 and the CZ 2000[12] is a Spectrum compatible in a Timex Sinclair 1500 case.[8]

Afterwards, imported components were replaced with locally produced variants, and extra modifications were added, like a joystick port, composite monitor output and a restart button.[5] This gave origin to new models, released in 1986 with original Czerweny cases: CZ 1000 Plus,[13][14][8][3] CZ 1500 Plus[15][8], CZ Spectrum[16][17] and CZ Spectrum Plus.[18][19] About 4000 machines were produced each month.[5] Czerweny models competed in Argentina with the Brazilian TK 83, 85, 90x and genuine Sinclair machines, but were more successful.

The Paraná, Entre Rios province factory was destroyed by a fire in 1986, eventually ending Czerweny computer production.[5]

Machines edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Tadeo Czerweny History". Tadeo Czerweny. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  2. ^ a b "Czerweny Electronica, Argentina". Kio's Sinclair ZX Computers Archive. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  3. ^ a b c "CZ – 1000 Plus". Museo de Informática de la República Argentina (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  4. ^ Owen, Chris (2003). "South American clones". Planet Sinclair. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  5. ^ a b c d e Tomoyose, Guillermo (2016-04-05). "La historia de Czerweny CZ Spectrum, la computadora Sinclair con sello argentino". LA NACION (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  6. ^ a b "Czerweny CZ-1000". Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  7. ^ a b "Czerweny Electronica CZ 1000". Kio's Sinclair ZX Computers Archive. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Zangoni, Néstor (2005-01-07). "CZERWENY Series (CZ) Argentina (Z80A)". MicroHobby Web independiente para usuarios de ordenadores Sinclair y compatibles (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  9. ^ a b "Czerweny CZ 1500". Center for Computing History. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  10. ^ a b "Czerweny Electronica CZ 1500". Kio's Sinclair ZX Computers Archive. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  11. ^ a b "Czerweny CZ-2000". Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  12. ^ a b "Czerweny CZ 2000". Sinclair Collection Site.
  13. ^ a b "Czerweny CZ-1000 Plus". Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  14. ^ a b "Czerweny Electronica CZ 1000plus". Kio's Sinclair ZX Computers Archive. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  15. ^ a b "Czerweny Electronica CZ 1500plus". Kio's Sinclair ZX Computers Archive. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  16. ^ a b "Czerweny Spectrum". Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  17. ^ a b "Czerweny CZ Spectrum". Sinclair Collection Site.
  18. ^ a b "Czerweny Spectrum Plus". Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  19. ^ a b "Czerweny CZ Spectrum Plus". Sinclair Collection Site.