Cynodonteae is a large tribe of grasses in the subfamily Chloridoideae, with over 800 species.[1][2][3][4]

Cynodonteae
Eleusine indica, closeup.jpg
Goosegrass (Eleusine indica)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Clade: PACMAD clade
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Dumort. (1824)
Genera

94 genera, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Aeluropodieae Nevski ex Bor (1965)
  • Chlorideae Rchb. (1828, unranked)
  • Chlorideae Trin. (1824, nom. illeg.)
  • Hubbardochloinae Auquier (1980)
  • Jouveae Pilg. (1956)
  • Leptureae Dumort. (1824, as Lepiureae)
  • Monermeae C.E. Hubb. (1948, nom. inval.)
  • Nazieae Hitchc. (1920, nom. illeg.)
  • Pappophoreae Kunth (1829)
  • Perotideae C.E. Hubb. (1960)
  • Pommereulleae Bor (1960)
  • Trageae Hitchc. (1927)
  • Triodieae S.W.L. Jacobs (2004)

Like most of the subfamily, species in the tribe are adapted to warm, arid climates and use the C4 photosynthetic pathway, with the exception of Eleusine indica. Some species, such as Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) or goosegrass (Eleusine indica), are widespread weeds, introduced in many countries.

Most of the 94 genera are classified in one of 21 subtribes, but some are still unplaced (incertae sedis) within the tribe.[1]

incertae sedis
Aeluropodinae
Dactylocteniinae
Eleusininae
Orcuttiinae
Orininae
Pappophorinae
Triodiinae
Tripogoninae

Supersubtribe Boutelouodinae

Boutelouinae
Hilariinae
Monanthochloinae
Muhlenbergiinae
Scleropogoninae
Traginae

Supersubtribe Gouiniodinae

Cteniinae
Farragininae
Gouiniinae
Hubbardochloinae
Perotidinae
Trichoneurinae
Zaqiqahinae

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romaschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Teisher, Jordan K.; Clark, Lynn G.; Barberá, Patricia; Gillespie, Lynn J.; Zuloaga, Fernando O. (2017). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae) II: An update and a comparison of two 2015 classifications". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 55 (4): 259–290. doi:10.1111/jse.12262. ISSN 1674-4918. 
  2. ^ Peterson, PM; Romaschenko, K; Johnson, G (September 2010). "A phylogeny and classification of the Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences". American Journal of Botany. 97 (9): 1532–54. doi:10.3732/ajb.0900359. PMID 21616906.
  3. ^ Peterson, PM; Romaschenko, K; Johnson, G (May 2010). "A classification of the Chloridoideae (Poaceae) based on multi-gene phylogenetic trees". Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution. 55 (2): 580–98. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.01.018. PMID 20096795.
  4. ^ Hilu, Khidir; Alice, Lawrence (April 2001). "A Phylogeny of Chloridoideae (Poaceae) Based on matK Sequences". Systematic Botany. 26 (2): 386–405. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.2.386. JSTOR 2666713.