Cycling at the 1960 Summer Olympics – Men's sprint

The men's sprint at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy was held on 26 to 29 August 1960. There were 30 participants from 18 nations.[1] For the first time since 1924, nations were allowed to have more than one competitor each (the limit was raised to two); for the first time since 1924, one nation took multiple medals. Italians Sante Gaiardoni and Valentino Gasparella won gold and bronze, giving Italy a four-Games podium streak with three total gold medals—second all-time behind France's five. Leo Sterckx's silver was Belgium's first medal in the men's sprint.

Men's sprint
at the Games of the XVII Olympiad
Sante Gaiardoni 1960.jpg
Sante Gaiardoni
VenueOlympic Velodrome, Rome
Dates26–29 August 1960
Competitors30 from 18 nations
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Sante Gaiardoni
 Italy
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Leo Sterckx
 Belgium
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Valentino Gasparella
 Italy
← 1956
1964 →

BackgroundEdit

This was the 12th appearance of the event, which has been held at every Summer Olympics except 1904 and 1912. None of the quarterfinalists from 1956 returned. The Italian team was favored, with Valentino Gasparella (the 1958 and 1959 world champion) and Sante Gaiardoni (the 1960 world champion, and runner-up to Gasparella in both previous years).[2]

The British West Indies made its debut in the men's sprint; East and West Germany competed as the United Team of Germany. France made its 12th appearance, the only nation to have competed at every appearance of the event.

Competition formatEdit

Sprint cycling involves a series of head-to-head matches. The 1960 competition involved nine rounds: heats, a two-round repechage, 1/8 finals, another two-round repechage, quarterfinals, semifinals, and finals.[3]

  • Heats: The 37 entrants were divided into 12 heats, most of 3 cyclists but one of 4 cyclists. After 7 withdrawals, no heat had more than 3 cyclists; many had 2 and one heat had only 1 competitor. The winner of each heat advanced directly to the 1/8 finals (12 cyclists), while all other cyclists who competed were sent to the first repechage (18 cyclists).
  • Repechage 1: This was a two-round repechage. The first round consisted of 9 heats of 2 cyclists. The winners advanced to the second round of the repechage, while the losers were eliminated. The second round had 3 heats of 3 cyclists each; the top 2 in each heat joined the main competition again at the 1/8 finals (6 cyclists) while the 3rd-place rider in each heat was eliminated.
  • 1/8 finals: The 18 cyclists who advanced through the heats or the first repechage competed in a 1/8 finals round. There were 6 heats in this round, with 3 cyclists in each. The top cyclist in each heat advanced to the quarterfinals (6 cyclists), while the other 2 in each heat went to the second repechage (12 cyclists).
  • Repechage 2: This was another two-round repechage, but with a different format. This repechage began with 4 heats of 3 cyclists each. The top cyclist in each heat advanced to the second round, while the other 2 cyclists in each heat were eliminated. The second round of this repechage featured 2 heats of 2 cyclists each, with the winners advancing to the quarterfinals and the losers eliminated.
  • Quarterfinals: Beginning with the quarterfinals, all matches were one-on-one competitions and were held in best-of-three format. There were 4 quarterfinals, with the winner of each advancing to the semifinals and the loser eliminated.
  • Semifinals: The two semifinals provided for advancement to the gold medal final for winners and to the bronze medal final for losers.
  • Finals: Both a gold medal final and a bronze medal final were held.

RecordsEdit

The records for the sprint are 200 metre flying time trial records, kept for the qualifying round in later Games as well as for the finish of races.

World record   Sante Gaiardoni (ITA) 11.0 Rome, Italy 30 July 1960
Olympic record   Dick Ploog (AUS) 11.4 Melbourne, Australia 3 December 1956

Leo Sterckx matched the Olympic record of 11.4 seconds in the last 200 metres of the third heat in round 1. Anésio Argenton tied it as well, in heat 4 of the 1/8 finals. Sterckx broke it with 11.3 seconds in the next heat. Sante Gaiardoni matched Sterckx's new record in the second race of the fourth quarterfinal. Valentino Gasparella dropped the record a further two-tenths of a second, to 11.1 seconds, in the first race of the first semifinal. Gaiardoni matched him in the first race of the final.

ScheduleEdit

All times are Central European Time (UTC+1)

Date Time Round
Friday, 26 August 1960 "afternoon"
 
 
"night"
 
 
Round 1
First repechage heats
First repechage finals
1/8 finals
Second repechage heats
Second repechage finals
Saturday, 27 August 1960 "afternoon" Quarterfinals
Monday, 29 August 1960 "night" Semifinals
Finals

ResultsEdit

Round 1Edit

Heat 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Sante Gaiardoni   Italy 11.7 Q
2 Clyde Rimple   British West Indies N/A R
Mohamed Touati   Tunisia DNS

Heat 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Ron Baensch   Australia 11.7 Q
K. Melby   Denmark DNS
Les Haupt   South Africa DNS

Heat 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Leo Sterckx   Belgium 11.4 Q
2 Anésio Argenton   Brazil N/A R
P. Tache   Romania DNS

Heat 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Mario Vanegas   Colombia 11.7 Q
2 Karl Barton   Great Britain N/A R
V. Oprea   Romania DNS

Heat 5Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Valentino Gasparella   Italy 11.7 Q
2 José María Errandonea   Spain N/A R
3 Martin McKay   Ireland N/A R

Heat 6Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Günter Kaslowski   United Team of Germany 12.0 Q
2 Gilbert De Rieck   Belgium N/A R
3 Cenobio Ruiz   Mexico N/A R

Heat 7Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 André Gruchet   France 11.6 Q
2 Herbert Francis   United States N/A R
3 Muhammad Ashiq   Pakistan N/A R

Heat 8Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Kurt Rechsteiner   Switzerland 11.7 Q
2 Luis Muciño   Mexico N/A R
3 Abdul Razzaq Baloch   Pakistan N/A R

Heat 9Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Lloyd Binch   Great Britain 12.0 Q
2 Imants Bodnieks   Soviet Union N/A R
3 Piet van der Touw   Netherlands N/A R

Heat 10Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Boris Vasilyev   Soviet Union 11.8 Q
2 Francisco Tortellá   Spain N/A R
3 Michael Horgan   Ireland N/A R

Heat 11Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Antoine Pellegrina   France 12.4 Q
2 Aad de Graaf   Netherlands N/A R
Diego Calero   Colombia DNS

Heat 12Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 August Rieke   United Team of Germany 11.9 Q
2 Jackie Simes   United States N/A R
3 Paul Nyman   Finland N/A R
Ian Browne   Australia DNS

First repechage heatsEdit

First repechage heat 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Anésio Argenton   Brazil 12.3 Q
2 Karl Barton   Great Britain N/A

First repechage heat 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Cenobio Ruiz   Mexico 12.4 Q
2 Martin McKay   Ireland N/A

First repechage heat 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Gilbert De Rieck   Belgium 12.4 Q
2 José María Errandonea   Spain N/A

First repechage heat 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Herbert Francis   United States 12.1 Q
2 Abdul Razzaq Baloch   Pakistan N/A

First repechage heat 5Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Luis Muciño   Mexico 12.8 Q
2 Muhammad Ashiq   Pakistan N/A

First repechage heat 6Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Imants Bodnieks   Soviet Union 11.7 Q
2 Michael Horgan   Ireland N/A

First repechage heat 7Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Piet van der Touw   Netherlands 12.1 Q
2 Francisco Tortellá   Spain N/A

First repechage heat 8Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Aad de Graaf   Netherlands 11.6 Q
2 Jackie Simes   United States N/A

First repechage heat 9Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Clyde Rimple   British West Indies 12.5 Q
2 Paul Nyman   Finland N/A

First repechage finalsEdit

First repechage final 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Aad de Graaf   Netherlands 11.8 Q
2 Gilbert De Rieck   Belgium N/A Q
3 Cenobio Ruiz   Mexico N/A

First repechage final 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Imants Bodnieks   Soviet Union 12.5 Q
2 Anésio Argenton   Brazil N/A Q
3 Luis Muciño   Mexico N/A

First repechage final 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Piet van der Touw   Netherlands 11.9 Q
2 Clyde Rimple   British West Indies N/A Q
3 Herbert Francis   United States N/A

1/8 finalsEdit

1/8 final heat 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 August Rieke   United Team of Germany 11.7 Q
2 Piet van der Touw   Netherlands N/A R
3 Boris Vasilyev   Soviet Union N/A R

1/8 final heat 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Antoine Pellegrina   France 11.6 Q
2 Kurt Rechsteiner   Switzerland N/A R
3 Gilbert De Rieck   Belgium N/A R

1/8 final heat 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Lloyd Binch   Great Britain 11.7 Q
2 André Gruchet   France N/A R
3 Clyde Rimple   British West Indies N/A R

1/8 final heat 4Edit

Gasparella "was retroceded from 1st to 3rd place."[4]

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Anésio Argenton   Brazil 11.4 Q
2 Ron Baensch   Australia N/A R
3 Valentino Gasparella   Italy N/A R

1/8 final heat 5Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Leo Sterckx   Belgium 11.3 Q
2 Aad de Graaf   Netherlands N/A R
3 Mario Vanegas   Colombia N/A R

1/8 final heat 6Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Sante Gaiardoni   Italy 11.7 Q
2 Imants Bodnieks   Soviet Union N/A R
3 Günter Kaslowski   United Team of Germany N/A R

Second repechage heatsEdit

Second repechage heat 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Mario Vanegas   Colombia 11.8 Q
2 André Gruchet   France N/A
3 Aad de Graaf   Netherlands N/A

Second repechage heat 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Valentino Gasparella   Italy 11.6 Q
2 Clyde Rimple   British West Indies N/A
3 Boris Vasilyev   Soviet Union N/A

Second repechage heat 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Kurt Rechsteiner   Switzerland 11.5 Q
2 Günter Kaslowski   United Team of Germany N/A
3 Gilbert De Rieck   Belgium N/A

Second repechage heat 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Ron Baensch   Australia 12.1 Q
2 Piet van der Touw   Netherlands N/A
3 Imants Bodnieks   Soviet Union N/A

Second repechage finalsEdit

Second repechage final 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Valentino Gasparella   Italy 11.4 Q
2 Mario Vanegas   Colombia N/A

Second repechage final 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Time Notes
1 Ron Baensch   Australia 11.6 Q
2 Kurt Rechsteiner   Switzerland N/A

QuarterfinalsEdit

Quarterfinal 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Valentino Gasparella   Italy 1 12.0 1 11.7 N/A Q
2 Antoine Pellegrina   France 2 N/A 2 N/A

Quarterfinal 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Ron Baensch   Australia 1 12.2 1 12.0 N/A Q
2 August Rieke   United Team of Germany 2 N/A 2 N/A

Quarterfinal 3Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Leo Sterckx   Belgium 1 11.9 1 11.7 N/A Q
2 Lloyd Binch   Great Britain 2 N/A 2 N/A

Quarterfinal 4Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Sante Gaiardoni   Italy 1 11.6 1 11.3 N/A Q
2 Anésio Argenton   Brazil 2 N/A 2 N/A

SemifinalsEdit

Semifinal 1Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Leo Sterckx   Belgium 2 N/A 1 11.3 1 11.5 Q
2 Valentino Gasparella   Italy 1 11.1 2 N/A 2 N/A B

Semifinal 2Edit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
1 Sante Gaiardoni   Italy 1 11.6 1 12.8 N/A Q
2 Ron Baensch   Australia 2 N/A 2 N/A B

FinalsEdit

Bronze medal finalEdit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
  Valentino Gasparella   Italy 1 12.2 1 12.0 N/A
4 Ron Baensch   Australia 2 N/A 2 N/A

Gold medal finalEdit

Rank Cyclist Nation Race 1 Race 2 Race 3
Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time
  Sante Gaiardoni   Italy 1 11.1 1 11.5 N/A
  Leo Sterckx   Belgium 2 N/A 2 N/A

Final classificationEdit

Rank Cyclist Nation
  Sante Gaiardoni   Italy
  Leo Sterckx   Belgium
  Valentino Gasparella   Italy
4 Ron Baensch   Australia
5 Anésio Argenton   Brazil
Lloyd Binch   Great Britain
Antoine Pellegrina   France
August Rieke   United Team of Germany
9 Kurt Rechsteiner   Switzerland
Mario Vanegas   Colombia
11 André Gruchet   France
Günter Kaslowski   United Team of Germany
Clyde Rimple   British West Indies
Piet van der Touw   Netherlands
15 Imants Bodnieks   Soviet Union
Aad de Graaf   Netherlands
Gilbert De Rieck   Belgium
Boris Vasilyev   Soviet Union
19 Herbert Francis   United States
Luis Muciño   Mexico
Cenobio Ruiz   Mexico
22 Muhammad Ashiq   Pakistan
Abdul Razzaq Baloch   Pakistan
Karl Barton   Great Britain
José María Errandonea   Spain
Michael Horgan   Ireland
Martin McKay   Ireland
Paul Nyman   Finland
Jackie Simes   United States
Francisco Tortellá   Spain

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cycling at the 1960 Rome Summer Games: Men's Sprint". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 28 July 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Sprint, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  3. ^ Official Report, p. 326
  4. ^ Official Report, p. 328.