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Cusco Quechua (Quechua: Qusqu qhichwa simi) is a dialect of Southern Quechua spoken in Cusco and the Cusco Region of Peru.

Cusco Quechua
Qusqu runasimi
Native toPeru
Native speakers
(1.5 million cited 1989)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
quz – Cusco
qve – Eastern Apurímac
Glottologcusc1236  Cusco[2]
east2551  Eastern Apurímac[3]

It is the Quechua variety used by the Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua in Cusco, which also prefers the Spanish-based five-vowel alphabet.[4] On the other hand, the official alphabet used by the ministry of education has only three vowels.[5]

PhonologyEdit

Cuzco Quechua has three vowels: /a, i, u/.[6]

Consonants
Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Stop plain p t t͡ʃ k q
aspirated t͡ʃʰ
ejective t͡ʃʼ
Fricative s ʃ x χ h
Nasal m n ɲ
Approximant plain j w
lateral l ʎ
Flap ɾ

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cusco at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
    Eastern Apurímac at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Cusco Quechua". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eastern Apurímac Quechua". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Nancy Hornberger & Kendall King, "Authenticity and Unification in Quechua Language Planning" Language, Culture and Curriculum 11 3 (1998): 390 - 410. http://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1059&context=gse_pubs
  5. ^ Nonato Rufino Chuquimamani Valer. Yachakuqkunapa Simi Qullqa - Qusqu-Qullaw Qhichwa Simipi Archived 2011-08-24 at the Wayback Machine (Quechua-Quechua-Spanish dictionary). Lima: Ministerio de Educación, 2005.
  6. ^ "SAPhon – South American Phonological Inventories". linguistics.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2018-08-10.