Curborough and Elmhurst

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Curborough and Elmhurst is a civil parish[2] in Lichfield District, Staffordshire, England. The hamlets of Curborough and Elmhurst, that make up the parish, lie just north of the City of Lichfield, and are separated from each other by the West Coast Main Line. The parish council is a joint one with Farewell and Chorley.[3] Curborough's name derives from Old English. The words for mill stream in Old English were 'cweorn burna,' and likely referred to Curborough brook.

Curborough and Elmhurst
Civil parish
Curborough Hall Farm Craft Centre - geograph.org.uk - 433520.jpg
Coordinates: 52°42′30″N 1°49′30″W / 52.70833°N 1.82500°W / 52.70833; -1.82500Coordinates: 52°42′30″N 1°49′30″W / 52.70833°N 1.82500°W / 52.70833; -1.82500
CountryEngland
Primary councilLichfield
CountyStaffordshire
RegionWest Midlands
StatusParish
Main settlementsCurborough, Elmhurst
Government
 • TypeParish Council, with Farewell and Chorley
 • UK ParliamentLichfield
Population
 (2011[1])
 • Total203

GeographyEdit

The northern, eastern and southern boundaries of Curborough and Elmhurst run along Full, Curborough and Circuit Brooks, the western boundary runs partly along Bilson Brook, and partly along the A51.

The subsoil is Keuper Marl (Mercia Mudstone) with a band of Keuper Sandstone (Bromsgrove Sandstone) along the western boundary. There are stretches of Alluvium along Full, Curborough and Bilson Brooks. The land lies at its highest in the south where Binns Farm stands at 387 ft (118m). It falls away steeply on the north to Bilson Brook. On the east it slopes down more gently to 246 ft (75m) on the northern boundary near New Farm and to 231 ft (70m) on the eastern boundary at Curborough Farm.

HistoryEdit

An early resident of Curborough was Dr. Zachary Babington, prebendary of Curborough in 1584[4] and later precentor of Lichfield Cathedral and diocesan chancellor. Babington built an estate called Curborough Hall, where he died in 1613. His son William,[5] a lawyer married to Ellen (Littleton) Babington,[6] succeeded him to Curborough Hall estate and farm, and was in turn succeeded by a son Zachary, a lawyer with a practice at Lichfield. The Curborough Hall estate later fell to three heiresses of the Babington family, one of whom married Theophilus Levett,[7] town clerk of Lichfield, whose son John Levett, briefly an MP inherited the home. By 1925, the last of the Levett heirs, Theophilus Basil Percy Levett, sold the farm out of the family.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Names and codes for Administrative Geography". Office for National Statistics. 31 December 2008. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2009.
  3. ^ "Parish clerk contact details". Lichfield District Council. 2009. Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 16 September 2009.
  4. ^ Prebendaries of Curborough, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541-1857, Volume 10, Joyce M. Horn, 2003, British History Online
  5. ^ "Zachary Babington, Whittington District History Society, Whittington, Staffordshire". Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
  6. ^ The English Baronetage, Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the English Baronets Now Existing, Arthur Collins, Printed for Thomas Wotton, London, 1741
  7. ^ A Survey of Staffordshire Containing the Antiquities of That County, Sampson Erdeswicke, Thomas Harwood, Printed for John Nichols and Son, Westminster, 1820
  8. ^ A History of the County of Stafford, Vol. 14, M.W. Greenslade (ed.), 1990, British History Online