Cura (software)

Cura is an open source slicing application for 3D printers.[2] It was created by David Braam who was later employed by Ultimaker, a 3D printer manufacturing company, to maintain the software. Cura is available under LGPLv3 license.[3] Cura was initially released under the open source Affero General Public License version 3, but on 28 September 2017 the license was changed to LGPLv3.[4] This change allowed for more integration with third-party CAD applications.[5] Development is hosted on GitHub.[3] Ultimaker Cura is used by over one million users worldwide and handles 1.4 million print jobs per week. It is the preferred 3D printing software for Ultimaker 3D printers, but it can be used with other printers as well.[6][5][7]

Cura
Logo for Cura Software.png
Developer(s)David Braam, Ultimaker
Stable release4.8.0 [1] (November 10, 2020; 5 months ago (2020-11-10)[1]) [±]
Written inC++, Python, QML
Operating systemWindows, macOS, Linux
Available in15 languages
List of languages
English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Polish, Finnish, Brazilian Portuguese, Portuguese, Russian, Turkish, Simplified Chinese, Korean, Japanese
Type3D printer slicing application
LicenseFree and open-source LGPLv3
Websiteultimaker.com/software/ultimaker-cura

Technical specificationsEdit

 
View of STL file in Ultimaker Cura

Ultimaker Cura works by slicing the user’s model file into layers and generating a printer-specific g-code. Once finished, the g-code can be sent to the printer for the manufacture of the physical object.[8]

The open source software, compatible with most desktop 3D printers, can work with files in the most common 3D formats such as STL, OBJ, X3D, 3MF as well as image file formats such as BMP, GIF, JPG, and PNG.[8]

Major software versionsEdit

  • 7 June 2016: Ultimaker announced the new Cura major release 2.1.2, superseding the previous 15.04.6 version (note the non-sequentiality in the major version numbers).[9]
  • September 2016: Version 2.3 was a major release. It includes new printing profiles, slicing features, as well as increasing speed. It also supported the dual extrusion possible with the Ultimaker 3 model[10]
  • 17 October 2017: Version 3.0 updated the user interface and allowed for CAD integration. This was the first version with plugin support.[11]
  • November 2017: Cura Connect was released to enable users to control, monitor, and configure a group of network-enabled 3D printers from a single interface.[12]
  • October 2018: Beginning with version 3.5, all files are saved in the 3MF format for improved compatibility with other 3D software. Hotkeys were introduced as well as a searchable profile guide. [13]
  • November 2018: Version 3.6 introduced material profile support for materials made by major manufacturers such as BASF, DuPont, Clariant, and other members of the Materials Alliance Program[14] consortium.[15]
  • March 2019: Version 4.0 made significant changes to the user interface. In support of plugin capabilities, a star-based rating system was incorporated to allow users to rate plugins. Cloud-backup functionality was added as well as support for more third-party printers.[16]

PluginsEdit

 
Screen of Cura on an Apple computer

Release 3.0 introduced plugin capability. Users can develop their own plugins or use plugins commercially available. Plugins simplify workflow for users by allowing them to quickly perform tasks like opening a file from a menu or exporting a file from an application.[17] Starting with Release 4.0, users can rate plugins using a star system. [16]

Current plugins include: SolidWorks, Siemens NX, HP 3D Scanning, MakePrintable, AutoDesk Inventor.[18][19][20][21]

Media coverageEdit

On August 31, 2014 Cura was included in a review of 3D slicing software by Think3DPrint3D[22]

In the summer of 2015, Ultimaker released Cura 2.0.[23][24][25]

On January 1, 2018, All3DP named Cura one of the best 3D slicer software tools.[8]

In 2019, Cura was named one of the top free 3D printing tools by the industry blog, G2[26]

Cura was named Software Tool of the Year at the international 2019 3D Printing Industry Awards ceremony[27] in London.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Release 4.8.0 · Ultimaker/Cura · GitHub". GitHub.com. Ultimaker. Retrieved 4 Feb 2021.
  2. ^ "Cura home page". Ultimaker. Ultimaker. Retrieved 31 December 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b "Cura Github development page". GitHub. Retrieved 18 October 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Changing AGPLv3 to LGPLv3". GitHub. Retrieved 18 October 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b "Ultimaker Cura and Cura Connect launch at TCT 2017". Retrieved 2018-05-17.
  6. ^ "Which 3rd party printers are supported?". Ultimaker. Ultimaker. Retrieved 31 December 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ MANUFACTUR3D (2019-07-01). "Ultimaker Moves to New Headquarters as Company Expands on Global Scale". MANUFACTUR3D. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  8. ^ a b c "17 Best 3D Slicer Software Tools for 3D Printers (Most are Free) | All3DP". All3DP. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  9. ^ "Cura 2.1.2 has been released".
  10. ^ "Cura 2.3 Update: New Features, Major Improvements on the 3D Slicer | All3DP". All3DP. 2016-09-02. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  11. ^ "Ultimaker launches Cura 3.0 slicing software". Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  12. ^ Davies, Sam (2017-11-07). "Ultimaker announces availability of Cura Connect". TCT Magazine. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
  13. ^ Watkin, Hanna (2018-10-09). "Cura 3.5 Update: New Slicing Features and Improved UX | All3DP". All3DP. Retrieved 2018-10-10.
  14. ^ "Ultimaker Announces Alliance Partnership Program for Engineering Materials at RAPID | 3DPrint.com | The Voice of 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing". 3dprint.com. 2018-04-24. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  15. ^ Griffiths, Laura (2018-11-15). "Ultimaker introduces optimised 3D printing material profiles for BASF, Clariant, DuPont and more". TCT Magazine. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  16. ^ a b "Ultimaker Cura 4.0 Released with Improved User Interface and Updated Custom Mode Panel". All3DP. 2019-03-19. Retrieved 2019-03-26.
  17. ^ "Cura 3.0 Brings Shiny UI, Fractal Infill Patterns, and 3rd Party Plugins | All3DP". All3DP. 2017-10-17. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  18. ^ 4DR, DEVELOP3D, X3D Media Ltd. 465C Hornsey Road, 1st floor, Unit 7, London N19. "DEVELOP3D blog - Ultimaker Cura software adds 3rd-party CAD integration and 3D print farm management". DEVELOP3D. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
  19. ^ "MakePrintable Integrates with Cura — MakePrintable.com". MakePrintable.com. 2017-10-23. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
  20. ^ Davies, Sam (2018-03-15). "Ultimaker integrates HP 3D scanning technology with Cura 3D printing software". TCT Magazine. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
  21. ^ "5 Must-Have Cura Plugins to Pimp Your Printing". All3DP. 2019-01-12. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  22. ^ "Slicing software printed support review - evaluating Slic3r, Cura and Meshmixer". blog.think3dprint3d.com. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  23. ^ "Cura Gets a Facelift: Ultimaker Releases Overhaul on Cura Software | 3DPrint.com | The Voice of 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing". 3dprint.com. 2015-06-30. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  24. ^ "Ultimaker releases the latest version of their free Cura software". 3ders.org. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  25. ^ "Big Updates for 3D Printing Slicers | Make:". Make: DIY Projects and Ideas for Makers. 2015-07-10. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  26. ^ Gigante, Michael. "8 Best Free 3D Printing Software to Try in 2019". learn.g2.com. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  27. ^ "2019 3D Printing Industry Awards winners announced". 3D Printing Industry. 2019-06-11. Retrieved 2019-07-08.

External linksEdit