Story of CuraEdit
In crossing a river, Cura gathered clay and, engrossed in thought, began to mold it. When she was thinking about what she had already made, Jove arrived on the scene. Cura asked him to grant it spiritus, "breath" or "spirit." He grants her request readily, but when she also asked to give her creation her own name, he forbade it, insisting that it had to carry his name. While the two were arguing, Tellus (Earth) arose and wanted it to have her name because she had made her body available for it.
The judgment is finally rendered by Saturn. He determines that since the spiritus was granted by Jove, he should have it in death; Tellus, or Earth, would receive the body she had given; because Cura, or Care, had been the creator, she would keep her creation as long as it lived. To resolve the debate, homo, "human being," would be the name, because it was made from humus, earth.
The story attracted the attention of Heidegger, a modern philosopher, who observed, "The double sense of cura refers to care for something as concern, absorption in the world, but also care in the sense of devotion." Heidegger regards the fable as a "naive interpretation" of the philosophical concept that he terms Dasein, "being-in-the-world" in Section 42 of Being and Time. Heidegger's use of this fable in casting the female Cura as creator has been seen as an inversion of the equivalent Christian myth, in which woman is created last, with the centrality of Cura as a challenge to the Western concept of self-sufficiency and "atomization" of the individual.
- Heidegger, Martin; John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson (trans.) (2008). Being and Time. New York: Harper Perennial. pp. 235–244. ISBN 9780061575594.
- For the Latin as well as an English translation, see Martin Heidegger, History of the Concept of Time: Prolegomena, translated by Theodore Kisiel (Indiana University Press, 1985, originally published 1979), pp. 302–303 online.
- Katrin Froese, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Daoist Thought: Crossing Paths In-between (SUNY Press, 2006), p. 188 online.
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