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Ctimene (Thessaly)

Coordinates: 39°03′59″N 21°59′01″E / 39.06646°N 21.98373°E / 39.06646; 21.98373

Map showing ancient Thessaly. Ctimene is shown in the lower left in Dolopia.

Ctimene or Ktimene (Ancient Greek: Κτιμένη), was a town and polis[1] in ancient Thessaly, on the borders of Dolopia and Phthia, near the Lake Xynias.[2][3] It is cited by Apollonius of Rhodes as the place of origin of one of the argonauts, Eurydamas, and relates it to the tribe of the Dolopes.[4]

Livy relates that the retreat of Philip V of Macedon after the Battle of the Aous (198 BC) allowed the Aetolians to occupy much of Thessaly, and these latter devastated the town called Cymene and its neighbour, Angeia.[5] William Smith treats the reference to Cymene as a probable corruption of Ctimene.[2] Stephanus of Byzantium mentions a tradition that Ctimene had been given by Peleus to Phoenix.[6] The editors of the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World identify the site of Ctimene with the modern village of Rentina,[7] which is tentative accepted by others.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Thessaly and Adjacent Regions". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 708. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  2. ^ a b   Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Ctimene". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
  3. ^ Apollonius of Rhodes. Argonautica. 1.67.
  4. ^ Apollonius of Rhodes. Argonautica. 1.68.
  5. ^ Livy. Ab Urbe Condita Libri (History of Rome). 32.13.
  6. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v. Κτιμένη.
  7. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 55, and directory notes accompanying.
  8. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.