Csongrád County (former)

Csongrád (Hungarian: Csongrád, Serbian: Čongrad or Чонград) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present-day Csongrád-Csanád County, is now part of Hungary, except a very small area which belongs to Serbia. The capital of the county was Szentes.

Csongrád County
Comitatus Csongradiensis  (Latin)
Csongrád vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Tschongrad  (German)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(11th century-1538)
County of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
(1538-1552)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1715-1786, 1790-1946)
Coat of arms of Csongrád
Coat of arms
Csongrad.png
CapitalCsongrád;
Szeged (1241-1773);
Szegvár (1773-1883);
Szentes (1883-1946)
Area
 • Coordinates46°39′N 20°16′E / 46.650°N 20.267°E / 46.650; 20.267Coordinates: 46°39′N 20°16′E / 46.650°N 20.267°E / 46.650; 20.267
 
• 1910
3,569 km2 (1,378 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
325568
History 
• Established
11th century
• Ottoman conquest
1552
• County recreated
1715
• Merged into Békés-Csanád-Csongrád County
1 June 1786
• County recreated
26 April 1790
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
11 April 1941
• Monarchy abolished
1 February 1946
Today part of Hungary
(3,462 km2)
 Serbia
(107 km2)

NameEdit

The name Csongrád/Čongrad is Slavic by origin. In Slavic languages, this name means "a black city" (čon/čorni = black, grad = city/town). Indeed, the county was named after a town of Csongrád.

GeographyEdit

Csongrád county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Békés, Csanád, Torontál and Bács-Bodrog. The river Tisza flowed through the county. Its area was 3,544 km² around 1910.

HistoryEdit

Csongrád county arose in the 11th century as one of the first counties of the Kingdom of Hungary. It was taken by the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century, and reconquered by the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary at the end of the 17th century.

In 1920, the Treaty of Trianon assigned a small part of the territory of the county - a small area around Horgos (now Horgoš, Vojvodina) in northern Délvidék - to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Yugoslavia in 1929). The rest remained in Hungary. During World War II, Hungary annexed the territory lost, but after the end of the war the previous borders were restored.

In 1950, the southern part of Csanád County (which contained then the Hungarian part of the pre-1920 Torontál County and the south-western part of the pre-1920 Csanád County) was added to Csongrád county, which was however renamed to Csongrád-Csanád County in 4 June 2020.

DemographicsEdit

1900Edit

In 1900, the county had a population of 296,111 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910Edit

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 325,568 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Csongrád county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Csongrád Csongrád
Tiszáninnen Kiskundorozsma
Tiszántúl Mindszent
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Hódmezővásárhely
Szeged
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Szentes
 
County Hall, Szentes

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25.