Crystal Palace line

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The Crystal Palace Line[1][2] is a railway line in London which runs from Balham Junction to Beckenham Junction. The engineer's reference for this line is BBJ.[3]

Crystal Palace Line
Hugh llewelyn 456 005 (6453225583).jpg
A Southern Class 456 entering Crystal Palace station in 2009
Overview
StatusOperational
OwnerNetwork Rail
LocaleGreater London
TerminiBalham
Beckenham Junction
Stations7
Service
TypeSuburban rail
SystemNational Rail
Operator(s)Southern
Thameslink (non-stop)
Rolling stockClass 377
Class 455
Class 700
History
Opened1856-1858
Technical
Number of tracks1-2
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC Third Rail
Operating speed60 mph (97 km/h) maximum
Route map
Crystal Palace line.png
(Click to expand)

RouteEdit

The line runs from Balham Junction on the Brighton Main Line route into London Victoria to Beckenham Junction, via Streatham Hill and Crystal Palace. The line has a junction with the Portsmouth Line[2][1] at Norwood, and again meets the Brighton Main Line, this time the line into London Bridge, just beyond Crystal Palace. The line runs alongside the London Tramlink between Birkbeck and Beckenham, and has junctions with the Mid-Kent Line and the Chatham Main Line where it terminates at Beckenham Junction.

HistoryEdit

 
A 1908 Railway Clearing House map of lines in South London, with the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway and Beckenham extension wending its way across the middle.

The first part of the line, between New Wandsworth and Crystal Palace (Low Level), opened 1 December 1856 as the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway. In 1857 the route was extended to Norwood. On 3 May 1858 the company opened an extension from Bromley Junction (near Norwood Junction) to Shortlands railway station (then called Bromley) via Beckenham Junction station. The following year the original line from Pimlico to Norwood Junction was sold to the London Brighton and South Coast Railway, and the section from Bromley Junction to Shortlands to the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, but the WEL&CPR continued to provide its own passenger services. The two halves were reunited in 1921 as part of the Southern Railway following enactment of the Grouping Act.

ServicesEdit

Southern provides most services, with trains from London Victoria running through to the terminus at Beckenham Junction, or London Bridge via Sydenham junction[4] and the Brighton Main Line.

The line also provides a diversionary route for Thameslink services avoiding London Bridge – usually this is only in the peaks or during the night, but the Thameslink Programme engineering works have made it necessary for some Bedford to Brighton services to take this route throughout the day. These generally do not stop at any of the stations on the line.

The section beyond Beckenham Junction to Birkbeck is partly converted for Tramlink, with trams running from Beckenham to Croydon and Wimbledon.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The Kent Sussex Wessex Route Sectional Appendix; LOR SO689 Seq002" (PDF). Network Rail. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b Railway Track Diagrams #5 - Southern & TFL. Quail Maps. February 1998. p. 4. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  3. ^ Quail/Trackmaps, volume 5
  4. ^ Railway Track Diagrams #5 - Southern & TFL. Quail Maps. February 1998. p. 4. Retrieved 29 August 2017.

Further readingEdit

  • Jackson, A.A. (1978). London's Local Railways. David & Charles.