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Crystal City is a city in Jefferson County, Missouri, United States. The population was 4,855 at the 2010 census.[7] It was 4,247 at the 2000 census.

Crystal City, Missouri
Nickname(s): 
Crystal Clear town
Location of Crystal City, Missouri
Location of Crystal City, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°13′18″N 90°22′57″W / 38.22167°N 90.38250°W / 38.22167; -90.38250Coordinates: 38°13′18″N 90°22′57″W / 38.22167°N 90.38250°W / 38.22167; -90.38250
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountyJefferson
Incorporated1911
Government
 • MayorThomas V. Schilly
Area
 • Total4.57 sq mi (11.84 km2)
 • Land4.56 sq mi (11.81 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
432 ft (132 m)
Population
 • Total4,855
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
4,823
 • Density1,100/sq mi (410/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63019
Area code(s)636
FIPS code29-17632[4]
GNIS feature ID0736291[5]
Websitehttp://www.crystalcitymo.org
[6]

Crystal City and its neighbor Festus are often collectively known as the "Twin Cities"; however, they are incorporated separately.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Crystal City was originally called New Detroit.[8] A post office called Crystal City has been in operation since 1872.[9]. In the 1860s, Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company opened a glass manufacturing plant, which is the origin of the city's name. Currently, the PPG plant stands abandoned and in a state of decay. In the early 2000s, the state of Missouri forced Doe Run Company to purchase 160 homes in Herculaneum after it was found over 56% of children within a quarter mile of the plant had high levels of lead in their blood [10]. This prompted greater concern when Crystal City engaged in discussions over building a $1 billion dollar iron-ore smelter on the lands of the abandoned factory.

GeographyEdit

Crystal City is located at 38°13′18″N 90°22′57″W / 38.22167°N 90.38250°W / 38.22167; -90.38250 (38.221699, -90.382510).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.57 square miles (11.84 km2), of which 4.56 square miles (11.81 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1880460
18901,104140.0%
19202,243
19303,05736.3%
19403,41711.8%
19503,4992.4%
19603,6785.1%
19703,8986.0%
19803,618−7.2%
19904,08813.0%
20004,2473.9%
20104,85514.3%
Est. 20164,823[3]−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,855 people, 1,894 households, and 1,228 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,064.7 inhabitants per square mile (411.1/km2). There were 2,078 housing units at an average density of 455.7 per square mile (175.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.2% White, 3.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 1,894 households of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 25.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,247 people, 1,622 households, and 1,111 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,136.7 people per square mile (438.4/km²). There were 1,769 housing units at an average density of 473.5 per square mile (182.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.11% White, 5.34% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.49% of the population.

There were 1,622 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,117, and the median income for a family was $45,288. Males had a median income of $41,111 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,816. About 12.6% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.6% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Crystal City 47 Public Schools operates one elementary school and Crystal City High School.[13]

The town has a lending library, the Crystal City Public Library.[14]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Crystal City, Missouri (City-Data.com)
  7. ^ U.S. Census Bureau - Crystal City, U.S. Census Bureau
  8. ^ "Jefferson County Place Names, 1928–1945 (archived)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  9. ^ "Post Offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  10. ^ Garrison, Chad (January 16, 2008). "Smelterville". Riverfront times. Riverfront Times. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Crystal City 47 School District". Greatschools. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Missouri Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Retrieved 25 March 2018.

External linksEdit