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1993 cruise missile strikes on Iraq

The cruise missiles strike on Iraq in June 1993 were ordered by U.S. President Bill Clinton as both a retaliation and a warning triggered by the attempted assassination by alleged Iraqi agents on former U.S. President George H. W. Bush while on a visit to Kuwait from 14–16 April 1993.[1]

1993 cruise missile strikes on Iraq
Part of Iraqi no-fly zones conflict and the Persian Gulf Conflicts
Date26 June 1993
Location
Result Intelligence headquarters in Baghdad destroyed
Belligerents
 United States Iraq Iraq
Commanders and leaders
United States Bill Clinton
United States Colin Powell
Iraq Saddam Hussein
Strength
1 cruiser
1 destroyer
23 cruise missiles
N/A
Casualties and losses
None Unknown
9 civilians killed (Iraqi sources)

BackgroundEdit

On the night of 13 April 1993, a day before George H. W. Bush was scheduled to visit Kuwait City to commemorate the international coalition victory against Iraq in the Persian Gulf War, Kuwaiti authorities arrested 17 persons suspected in the plot to kill Bush using explosives hidden in a Toyota Landcruiser.

The Kuwaitis recovered the Landcruiser, which contained between 80 and 90 kilograms of plastic explosives, composed mostly of RDX, connected to a detonator (the Bush device or Bush explosive device). They also recovered ten cube-shaped plastic explosive devices with detonators (the cube-bombs) from the Landcruiser.[2]

Clinton was convinced the attack was masterminded by the Iraqi Intelligence Service by two alleged pieces of evidence. First, the suspects in the plot made detailed confessions to FBI agents in Kuwait[1] However, the defendants retracted the confessions and said they had been beaten into a fabricated confession.[3]

Second, FBI and CIA bomb experts claimed the captured car bombs to be made in Iraq, including a 175-pound car bomb found in Kuwait City on 14 April.[2] However, these explosives were mass produced throughout the Middle East and not only Iraq.[3]

In October 1993, New Yorker investigative journalist Seymour Hersh assailed the US government’s case as "seriously flawed', noting that seven bomb experts had told him that the devices were mass-produced and probably not even manufactured in Iraq.[3] Ultimately, an analysis by the CIA's Counter Terrorism Center concluded the assassination plot was most likely fabricated by Kuwaiti authorities. CIA analysts concluded that the Kuwaiti government "may have then decided to claim this (smuggling) operation was directed against Bush" in explaining the origins of the alleged assassination plot.[4][5]

Cruise missile attack on BaghdadEdit

Pres. Clinton's Address on Iraq (1993)

Between 1AM and 2AM local time on 26 June/June 27, 1993, 23 Tomahawk cruise missiles were launched by two US Navy warships into downtown Baghdad. These hit a building which was believed to be the headquarters of the Iraqi Intelligence Service in the Mansour district of Baghdad. Iraq claimed that nine civilians were killed in the attack and three civilian houses destroyed. The missiles were fired from the destroyer USS Peterson in the Red Sea and the cruiser USS Chancellorsville in the Persian Gulf.[6]

Mission objectiveEdit

Secretary of Defense, Les Aspin, stated in a June 27, 1993, interview with The Washington Post:[1]

"What we're doing is sending a message against the people who were responsible for planning this operation. . . . {If} anybody asks the same people to do it again, they will remember this message."

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Von Drehle, David & Smith, R. Jeffrey (27 June 1993). "U.S. Strikes Iraq for Plot to Kill Bush". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  2. ^ a b "The Bush assassination attempt". Department of Justice/FBI Laboratory report. Retrieved 6 May 2007.
  3. ^ a b c Weiner, Tim (25 October 1993). "Plot by Baghdad to Assassinate Bush is Questioned". The New York Times.
  4. ^ "CIA SAYS IRAQI PLOT TO KILL BUSH MAY BE FICTION". Chicago Tribune. 27 May 1993.
  5. ^ Hersh, Seymour (1 November 1993). "A Case Not Closed". The New Yorker.
  6. ^ "Cruise Missile Strike - June 26, 1993. Operation Southern Watch". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 19 March 2011.

External linksEdit