Crown Prince Hyomyeong

Crown Prince Hyomyeong (18 September 1809 – 25 June 1830), born Yi Yeong, and posthumously honored as King Munjo, was a member of the Joseon Dynasty.

Yi Yeong,
Crown Prince Hyomyeong
이영 효명세자
Prince héritier hyomyeong.jpg
Half-burnt portrait of Crown Prince Hyomyeong
Crown Prince of Joseon
Reign6 July 1812 - 6 May 1830
PredecessorCrown Prince Yi Gong
SuccessorCrown Prince Yi Cheok
Born18 September 1809
Changdeok Palace, Kingdom of Joseon
Died25 June 1830 (1830-06-26) (aged 20)
Changdeok Palace, Kingdom of Joseon
SpouseQueen Sinjeong
IssueHeonjong of Joseon
HouseHouse of Yi
FatherSunjo of Joseon
MotherQueen Sunwon
Crown Prince Hyomyeong
Revised RomanizationHyomyeong Seja
McCune–ReischauerHyomyŏng Seja
Birth name
Revised RomanizationYi Yeong
McCune–ReischauerYi Yŏng

Life and deathEdit

The prince was the eldest son of King Sunjo, husband of Queen Sinjeong and father of King Heonjong.[1]

In 1817, the prince was admitted to the Sungkyunkwan. In 1819, he was titled Crown Prince of Joseon. A genius in literature and the arts, he created several court dances (정재) and used court ritual and the arts to validate and augment the King's control over the government.

Hyomyeong first became active in politics when he was only 18, due to his father being ill. Known to have pursued various political reforms, the prince served as Regent in 1827 until his death 3 years later at age 20.[2]

He did have some enemies amongst his maternal relatives, but avoided nepotism and was a talented writer, composer and choreographer.


The prince was commemorated in an album of six scenes created to celebrate the commencement of his learning at the Songgyungwan, one of a number of documentary paintings (gungjung girokhwa) of the Joseon dynasty.[3]

Among 53 Joseon jeongjaes (정재) or court dances which remain, 26 are his works. His "Chunaengjeon" (Dance of the Spring Nightingale) is the best known and most beloved traditional court dance for its gentle and poetic movements. He was one of the most important people in Korean Court ritual history, along with King Sejong.


  1. Queen Sinjeong of the Pungyang Jo clan (21 January 1809 - 4 June 1890) (신정왕후 조씨)
    1. King Heonjong of Joseon (8 September 1827 – 25 July 1849) (조선 헌종)

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "효명세자". National Culture. Archived from the original on 2016-04-05.
  2. ^ "18살에 급서한 효명세자 '문조'로 거한 대우를 받다". Donga Weekly.
  3. ^ "동궐도에 숨어있는 효명세자에 대한 배려". Kyobo Story.