Crown Holdings

Crown Holdings, Inc., formerly Crown Cork & Seal Company, is an American company that makes metal beverage and food cans, metal aerosol containers, metal closures and specialty packing. Founded in 1892, it is headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[2] As of their annual report for 2020, Crown employs 33,264 people at 192 plants in 39 countries.[2] It claims to manufacture one out of every five beverage cans used in the world, and one out of every three food cans used in North America and Europe. The company is ranked No. 269 in the Fortune 500 list for 2021[3] and is number one in the packaging and container industry for the same list.

Crown Holdings, Inc.
Russell 1000 Component
FounderWilliam Painter
HeadquartersPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Key people
Timothy J. Donahue, CEO and President, Thomas A. Kelly CFO and SVP, John W. Conway, Chairman of the Board
ProductsAerosol Packaging, Beverage Packaging, Food Packaging, Metal Closures, and Speciality Packaging
RevenueIncreaseUS$11.5B (FY 2020)[1]
IncreaseUS$1.2BM (FY 2020)[1]
IncreaseUS$579M (FY 2012)[1]
Total assetsUS$7.5B (FY 2012)[1]
Total equityUS$ 123M (FY 2012)[1]
Number of employees
33,264 [1] (2020)


Cork oak tree planted and dedicated by Jimmie H. Davis at the Crown Cork plant in Louisiana.

William Painter, an Irish-born American, invented the crown cap for bottled carbonated beverages in 1891, and obtained patents 468,226 and 468,258 for it on February 2, 1892. He founded his own manufacturing business, the Crown Cork and Seal Company, in Baltimore and set out on a campaign to convince bottlers that his cap was the right one to use on their products. By 1898, he had created a foot-powered crowner device to sell to bottlers and retailers so that they could seal the bottles with his caps quickly and easily. This helped gain acceptance of his bottle caps. By 1906, Crown had opened manufacturing plants in Brazil, France, Germany, Japan, and the United Kingdom.

In 1927, after a merger with New Process Cork Company, Crown Cork and Seal Company was established in New York City. Crown Cork International Corporation was established in the subsequent year in order to assist subsidiaries engaged in bottle crown and other cork business outside the United States.

By the 1930s Crown was selling half of the world's supply of bottle caps. Crown entered the tin can business in 1936 with the purchase of the Acme Can Company of Philadelphia, which led to the creation of the Crowntainer, a funnel-shaped beer can, the following year.[4]

To address market changes after World War I and Prohibition, Crown then focused heavily on soft drinks. During World War II, Crown produced war products such as the Kork-N-Seal, the Pour-N-Seal, and the Merit Seal, as well as gas mask canisters. John Connelly took over presidency of the company and moved the headquarters from Baltimore to Philadelphia in the late 1950s. In 2003, Crown restructured as a public holding company. In 2005 and 2006 Crown exited the plastics industry with the sale of its Global Plastic Closure and its cosmetics packaging businesses.[4]


  • Americas Division: Headquartered in Philadelphia, PA, and serves North, Central and South America, with 46 plants and 5,600 employees which produce aerosol, beverage, food and specialty packaging, as well as metal closures.[5]
  • European Division: Headquartered in Zug, Switzerland, and serves Europe, Africa and the Middle East with 71 plants and 11,200 employees which produce aerosol, beverage, food and specialty packaging, as well as metal closures.[6]
  • Asia Pacific Division: Headquartered in Singapore, and serves Asia Pacific with 32 plants, 4,300 employees with aerosol, beverage, and food packaging, as well as metalclosures.[7]

Labor practicesEdit

In 2015 The Toronto branch of Crown Packaging was in its 21st month of an ongoing labor dispute with 125 United Steelworkers (USW) Local 9176 workers.[8] The workers have alleged that Crown is bargaining in bad faith by offering a 42%, $9 hourly wage cut, and a 5-year pension freeze, among other concessions. The Toronto plant is highly profitable and has received awards for productivity and safety. USW has filed a complaint with the Ontario Labour Relations, and on 13 March 2015 Ontario labour minister Kevin Flynn announced that mediator Morton Mitchnick had been appointed to conduct an industrial inquiry into the dispute.[9] Crown has been using bused in workers to replace its employees while they strike.[10]

Should the strike be resolved, Crown has stated only 26 of the original workers will continue to have jobs as their positions have since been replaced, a practice known as strikebreaking.[11]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Annual Report". Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b "About Crown". Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Crown Holdings". Fortune. Retrieved 2021-10-29.
  4. ^ a b "History and Timeline - Crown". Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Facts and Figures". Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Facts and Figures". Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Facts and Figures". Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  8. ^ "Steelworkers union targets beer can maker in ongoing labour dispute". 14 October 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  9. ^[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Crack a beer, crack a case of labour rights violations". NOW Toronto Magazine - Think Free. May 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  11. ^[dead link]

External linksEdit