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Malacca was a British Crown colony from 1946 to 1957. It came under British sovereignty after the signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, and had been part of the Straits Settlements until 1946.[1]

Malacca
British Crown Colony
State of the Federation of Malaya
1946–1957
Anthem
God Save the King/Queen
Location of Malacca
Capital Malacca Town
Languages English, Malay, Chinese and Indian languages
Government British Crown colony
Monarchs
 •  1946–1952 George VI
 •  1952–1957 Elizabeth II
Residents-Councillor
 •  1956–1957 Maurice John Hayward (acting)
Historical era Post-war · Cold War
 •  Dissolution of the Straits Settlements 1 April 1946
 •  Independence as part of the Federation of Malaya 31 August 1957
Currency Malayan dollar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Straits Settlements
Federation of Malaya
Today part of  Malaysia

During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945. After the post-war dissolution of the Straits Settlements Penang and Malacca become Crown colonies in the Federation of Malaya, while Singapore became a standalone Crown colony, separate from Malaya.[2] In 1955, Tunku Abdul Rahman held a meeting with the British to discuss the end of British rule in Malacca with a merger with Malayan Union (which was then replaced by Federation of Malaya). On 31 August 1957, when Malaya achieved its independence from the United Kingdom, Malacca was integrated as part of the federation, which later known as Malaysia when it merged with another territories in British Borneo.[3]

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