Cross of Valour (Australia)
The Cross of Valour was established in 1975 as the highest Australian Bravery Award. The awards were established as part of the institution of the Australian Honours System. The Cross of Valour has been awarded to five Australian civilians and, although there has been no Australian military recipient, they would be eligible in situations where normal honours to the military do not apply.
|Cross of Valour|
|Awarded by Australia|
|Awarded for||"acts of conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril"|
|Established||14 February 1975|
|Order of wear|
|Next (higher)||George Cross (GC)(If awarded on or before 4 October 1992) Or the Victoria Cross (VC) (If awarded after 5 October 1992). |
|Next (lower)||Knight/Lady of the Garter (KG/LG)|
|Related||Star of Courage|
Commendation for Brave Conduct
Group Bravery Citation
The Cross of Valour is awarded "only for acts of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril". The award carries the post-nominal initials CV; awards may be made posthumously.
- The Cross of Valour is a gold, straight-armed cross pattée with diminishing rays between the arms. It is ensigned with the Crown of St Edward.
- The obverse has the shield and crest of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms surmounted by a Federation Star. A suspender bar is engraved with the words 'For Valour'.
- The ribbon is 38 mm wide, magenta with a central 16 mm blood-red band. The two reds in the ribbon represent the colours of venous and arterial blood.
List of recipientsEdit
To date, the Cross of Valour has been awarded to five recipients.
- Mr Darrell Tree, Captain of Mount Damper Fire Brigade, SA – Rescued a 3-year-old child from electrocution.
- Senior Constable Allan Sparkes, NSW – Rescued a boy from flooded underground storm water drains.
- Senior Constable Timothy Britten, WA – Entered the bombed Bali nightclub to rescue a badly injured woman, and then continued to search for survivors despite personal injury and ongoing explosions.
The Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs may grant an allowance, called decoration allowance, to a veteran who has been awarded the Cross of Valour if the veteran is in receipt of a pension under Part II of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986 (VE Act) and the award was for gallantry during a war to which the VE Act applies or during warlike operations. So far there have been no awards of the Cross of Valour during wars or warlike operations as required by the VE Act. The allowance has been A$2.10 per fortnight since the Goods and Services Tax in Australia commenced on 1 July 2000.
- Cross of Valour, itsanhonour.gov.au
- The order of wearing Australian honours and awards, Commonwealth Gazette No. S192, 28 September 2007. The GC is a British award and is listed second on the Order of Wear after the Victoria Cross and Victoria Cross for Australia which are deemed equivalent awards and before the Cross of Valour. A note states "all imperial British awards made to Australian citizens after 5 October 1992 are foreign awards and should be worn accordingly". The only living Australian GC recipient received his award in 1978.
- "Cross of Valour Citations". Australian Bravery Association. 14 May 2003. Archived from the original on 5 November 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2009.
- "TREE, Darrell James". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 28 April 1989. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- Tenace, Lisa; Brenton Ragless; Krista St John (April 2005). "Our Local Cross of Valour Winner – Mr Darrell Tree, Mount Damper Brigade Captain" (PDF). FireFront e-news, April/May 2005. South Australian Country Fire Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2007. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- "BOSCOE, Victor Alan". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 11 October 1995. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- "SPARKES, Allan". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 29 April 1998. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- "Courageous policeman saves drowning boy". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 24 April 2006. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- "BRITTEN, Timothy Ian". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- "JOYES, Richard John". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- "After Bali". Four Corners. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2003. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
- "Veteran's Entitlements Act 1986 – Sect 102". Commonwealth Consolidated Acts. Australasian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 17 November 2007.
- Cross of Valour Association of Australia – official website