Croom is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 2,631. It largely consists of former tobacco farms and forests converting to Washington, DC bedroom subdivisions such as nearby Marlton. The main (Jug Bay Natural Area) part of Patuxent River Park is in Croom.
The Patuxent River forms the eastern boundary of Croom
|• Total||91.7 km2 (35.4 sq mi)|
|• Land||88.6 km2 (34.2 sq mi)|
|• Water||3.1 km2 (1.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||29/km2 (74/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||597296|
The community was patented in 1671 as Croome by Christopher Rousby, who had been born about 1642 in the hamlet of Croome in East Riding, Yorkshire. In August, 1814, British forces marched through Croom on their way to the Burning of Washington in the War of 1812.
St. Thomas' Episcopal Church dates to colonial times and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000. Other buildings on the National Register of Historic Places located at Croom are the John W. Coffren House and Store, Bellefields, Brookefield of the Berrys, Mattaponi (John Bowie Jr. House), St. Thomas' Episcopal Parish Historic District, and Waverly.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Croom has a total area of 35.4 square miles (91.7 km2), of which 34.2 square miles (88.6 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), or 3.43%, is water.
Elementary schools serving sections of Croom are Baden, Brandywine, Marlton, Mattaponi, and Patuxent. Most areas are zoned to Gwynn Park Middle School, with some zoned to James Madison Middle School and Kettering Middle School. Most areas are zoned to Frederick Douglass High School in Croom, with some areas to the north zoned to Dr. Henry A Wise, Jr. High School and some to the south zoned to Gwynn Park High School.
- William Duckett Bowie (1803–1873), American politician
- Maryland Governor Robert Bowie (1750-1818)
- William Williams (c. 1793-1814), born Frederick Hall on the Bellefields Plantation who as an escaped slave enlisted in 38th U.S. Infantry Regiment, U.S. Army died from his wounds after the British bombardment of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Croom, Maryland
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Croom CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- "Croom". Historical Marker Project. 3RiverDev. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
Christopher Rousby patented Croome in 1671. Home of Thomas John Claggett (1743-1816). First Episcopal Bishop of Maryland (1792), First Protestant Bishop consecrated in the United States, And first Chaplain of the US Senate. In August 1814 British forces marched through before burning Washington. Croom Post Office established in 1855. By 1873 a stop on the Pope's Creek branch of the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad.
- "Rousby Genealogy". WikiTree. Interesting.com. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/27/11 through 12/30/11. National Park Service. 2012-01-06. Archived from the original on 2015-10-05.
- Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission (June 2010). "Approved Historic Sites and District Plan" (PDF): 153. Retrieved 15 August 2012. Cite journal requires
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Croom CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- "District 5 Station - Clinton." Prince George's County Police Department. Retrieved on September 9, 2018. " 6707 Groveton Drive Clinton, MD 20735". Beat map. See 2010 U.S. Census index map of Clinton CDP: area with police station is on the edge of page 6 with surroundings on page 5.
- "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Croom CDP, MD." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 28, 2018. Pages: 1, 2, 3, and 4.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on August 26, 2018.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on August 26, 2018.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on August 26, 2018.
- Spencer, Richard Henry (1919). Genealogical and Memorial Encyclopedia of the State of Maryland. New York: American Historical Society. p. 392. ISBN 0-8328-5943-5.