Crocker Range (Malay: Banjaran Crocker) is a mountain range in West Coast Division of Sabah, Malaysia that separates the west and east coast of Sabah. At an average height of 1,800 metres (5,900 ft), it is the highest mountain range in the state with the range is named after the British administrator in North Borneo, William Maunder Crocker.
Crocker Range as seen from Ranau–Tamparuli Road.
|Elevation||1,800 m (5,900 ft)|
|Native name||Banjaran Crocker|
|Region||West Coast Division|
|District||Beaufort, Keningau, Papar, Penampang, Ranau, Tambunan, Tenom and Tuaran|
The range is made up of uplifted and folded sedimentary rocks consisted of weathered soft sandstones and shales. The highest point is Mount Alab at 1,964 metres (6,444 ft) located outside the protected park area. Most of the park boundary lies above 300 metres (980 ft) with its lowlands used for cash crops and paddy field. On the east of the range located the Tambunan Valley at 800 metres (2,600 ft) which are mainly terraced paddy fields and groves of bamboos border the north-eastern part of the protected park. The park area is important as a water catchment to supply water into various river in the west coast and interior districts of Sabah including Papar River, Kimanis River, Bongawan River, Membakut River, Padas River and Melalap River that flow west to the park while the Pegalan River, Pampang River, Apin-Apin River, Tendulu River, Melalap River, Liawan River and Tikalod River flow the opposite direction.
The area surrounding Mount Kinabalu has been a state park since 1964 and was the country's first World Heritage Site. Part of the range has been gazetted for protection as Crocker Range National Park since 1984. Through the Bornean Biodiversity and Ecosystems Conservation Programme (BBEC), a technical co-operation existed between the government of Sabah and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to innovate Community Use Zone (CUZ) concept as a management option to address the issues concerning indigenous communities living and utilising resources within the protected areas. Mount Kinabalu, one of the highest mountains in Southeast Asia, is part of this range. In 2014, the mountain range was recognised as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, becoming the second Malaysian site thus designated, after Chini Lake in the Malay Peninsula of Pahang.
The Crocker Range Forest Reserve area has a wide ranges of flora and fauna diversity and having the highest diversity of nocturnal insects in all the 20 forest reserves surveyed within the Heart of Borneo area in Sabah and recorded a number of endemic species.
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