Criminal Investigation Department (India)

A Crime Investigation Department (CID) is a branch of the State Police Services of India responsible for the investigation of crime, based on the Criminal Investigation Departments of British police forces.

Formation and organizationEdit

The first CID was created by the British Government in 1902, based on the recommendations of the Police Commission. At the entrance of the CID office at Gokhale Marg, Lucknow, there is a portrait of Rai Bahadur Pandit Shambhu Nath, King's Police Medalist (KPM) and Member of British Empire (MBE) with a caption "Father of Indian CID".[1][2] In 1929, the CID was split into Special Branch, CID and the Crime Branch (CB-CID).

CID branchesEdit

A CID may have several branches from state to state. These branches include:[3]

Crime Branch CIDEdit

CB-CID is a special wing in a CID headed by the Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) and assisted by the Inspector General of Police (IGP). This branch investigates serious crimes including murder, riot, forgery, counterfeiting and cases entrusted to CB-CID by the state government or the High Court.[4]

In Popular CultureEdit

Based on Mumbai's branch, a television series CID (Indian TV series) aired on Sony TV with a successful run of 20 years. See more information in the article.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "CBCID" (PDF). TN police. Archived from the original (pdf) on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  2. ^ "CID - History". Maharashtra CID. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  3. ^ "CID COMPOSITION". Sikkim police. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  4. ^ "Crime Branch CID". Kerala police. Archived from the original on 4 April 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013.