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The Crimean Oblast (Ukrainian: Кримська область, romanizedKrymsjka oblastj; Russian: Крымская область, romanizedKrymskaja oblastj; Crimean Tatar: Qırım vilâyeti) was an oblast (province) of the former Russian SFSR (1945–1954) and Ukrainian SSR (1954–1991) within the Soviet Union. Its capital was the city of Simferopol.

Crimean Oblast
Кримська область
Крымская область
Oblast of the  Russian SFSR (1945–1954) and  Ukrainian SSR (1954–1991)

Location of Crimea
Crimean Oblast (red) and Ukrainian SSR (beige).
Capital Simferopol
49°21′N 23°30′E / 49.350°N 23.500°E / 49.350; 23.500Coordinates: 49°21′N 23°30′E / 49.350°N 23.500°E / 49.350; 23.500
 •  Crimean ASSR dissolved June 30, 1945
 •  Transferred to Ukrainian SSR February 19, 1954
 •  Autonomy restored February 12, 1991
Area 27,000 km2 (10,425 sq mi)
Today part of


The Crimean Oblast replaced the Crimean ASSR on June 30, 1945.

The oblast was transferred from the Russian SFSR to the Ukrainian SSR on February 19, 1954.

Sevastopol was a closed city due to its importance as the port of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet and was attached to the Crimean Oblast only in 1978.

Following a referendum held on January 20, 1991, the Crimean Oblast was given back its pre-World War II status of Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on February 12, 1991, by the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR.[1] With effect from 6 May 1992, the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was transformed into the Republic of Crimea within Ukraine. 21 September 1994 it was renamed to Autonomous Republic of Crimea by Verkhovna Rada[2]. This name was used for Crimea (with the exception of the city of Sevastopol) in new Ukrainian Constitution of 1996. The status of Sevastopol, due to its strategic importance as the port of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, remained disputed between Ukraine and Russia until 1997 when it was agreed that it should be treated as a "city with special status" within Ukraine.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Day in history - 20 January". RIA Novosti (in Russian). January 8, 2006. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 6, 2007.
  2. ^ Law of the Ukraine N 254/96-ВР