A cream tea (also known as a Devon cream tea, Devonshire tea, or Cornish cream tea) is an afternoon tea consisting of tea, scones, clotted cream (or, less authentically, whipped cream), jam, and sometimes butter. Cream teas are sold in tea rooms throughout England, especially Devon and Cornwall, and in some other parts of the Commonwealth.
|Alternative names||Devonshire tea, Cornish cream tea|
|Place of origin||England|
|Region or state||South West England|
|Serving temperature||Tea: hot|
Jam & cream: ambient
|Main ingredients||Tea, scones, clotted cream, strawberry jam|
The origin of the cream tea is disputed, although there is evidence to suggest that the tradition of eating bread with cream and jam existed at Tavistock Abbey in Devon in the 11th century.[better source needed] The Oxford English Dictionary reports the earliest use of "cream tea" in the sense of the afternoon tea, as opposed to a cup of tea with cream in it, is in the 1964 novel Picture of Millie by Philip Maitland Hubbard, "We just bathe and moon about and eat cream teas." However, the "Foods of England" website has discovered an earlier newspaper cutting, The Cornishman of Thursday, 3 September 1931 (p. 8), which uses the phrase in what appears to be its modern sense.
There are regional variations as to how a cream tea should preferably be eaten.
- The Devonian, or Devonshire, method is to split the scone in two, cover each half with clotted cream, and then add strawberry jam on top. The Devon method is also commonly used in neighbouring counties.
- With the Cornish method, the warm 'bread split' or a 'scone' is first split in two, then spread with strawberry jam, and finally topped with a spoonful of clotted cream. This method is also used elsewhere, notably in London.
Although these distinctions on whether to apply the jam or the clotted cream to the scone first are still claimed by many, cream teas are served and enjoyed both cream first and jam first throughout both counties.
Scones are rarely buttered in commercially available teas. Traditionally it is important that the scones be warm (ideally, freshly baked), and that clotted (rather than whipped) cream and strawberry jam, rather than any other variety, be used. Butter is generally not included, and some sources advise that the tea should not be served with milk.
In Devon, an alternative to the scone found occasionally is the "Devon split" or "Chudleigh", lighter than a scone and smaller than a Cornish split. In Cornwall an alternative was traditionally a "Cornish split", a type of slightly sweet white bread roll, rather than a scone. It is now rare to find this available commercially, even in Cornwall, but splits are still used by many Cornish families in their own homes.
Yet another variation is a "savoury cream tea", with cheese scones; cream cheese instead of clotted cream, and chutney instead of jam. 
In May 2010, a campaign was launched at the Devon County Show to have the name "Devon cream tea" protected within the European Union under Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) rules. The campaign was launched following discussion on BBC Radio Devon.
- "Devonshire tea", OxfordDictionaries.com. Retrieved 19 November 2017
- Salmans, Sandra (5 September 1982). "BRITAIN'S BEST AT TEATIME". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 January 2007.
- "Were cream teas 'invented' in Tavistock?". BBC News. 17 January 2004. Retrieved 28 January 2007.
- "The Foods of England - Cream Tea". www.foodsofengland.co.uk.
- "BBC News Article". BBC News. BBC. 9 June 2010. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
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- "Cornish Splits, some very exciting news and a thank-you", Regula Ysewijn, 16 April 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2017
- O'Brien, Harriet (8 July 2006). "Cornwall: a clean break". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 6 October 2006. Retrieved 28 January 2007.
- Maltwood, Hannah (14 March 2018). "Everything to know about the Cornish split, the original cream tea accompaniment". CornwallLive. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- "Cheese and Chive Scones Recipe - Great British Chefs".
- "Devon cream teas could get EU protected status". BBC News. 19 May 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- Smillie, Susan (20 May 2010). "It's scone wrong". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Kirby, Terry (6 November 2009). "Jam or cream first? The great scone debate …". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "How do you take your cream tea?". BBC Radio Cornwall. 9 June 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Cleave, Paul (20 August 2019). "Origins of the Devon Cream Tea". Taste Buds magazine. We Make Magazines Ltd.
- "The History of The Cornish Cream Tea". Orange Roofs Cornwall Ltd. 28 July 2022.