CrazySexyCool is the second studio album by American girl group TLC. It was released on November 15, 1994, by LaFace and Arista Records. Following the group's record deal, they released their debut album Ooooooohhh... On the TLC Tip in 1992 to positive reviews and commercial success. The following year, the group began working on a follow-up; however, the recording process was unproductive due to personal struggles, notably those of member Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes, who was involved in a volatile romantic relationship and struggling with alcoholism. The album's recording lasted until September 1994, with Lopes being forced to have less input due to being in rehab.

CrazySexyCool
TLC - CrazySexyCool album cover.png
Studio album by
ReleasedNovember 15, 1994 (1994-11-15)
Recorded1993 – September 1994
Studio
Genre
Length56:10
Label
Producer
TLC chronology
Ooooooohhh... On the TLC Tip
(1992)
CrazySexyCool
(1994)
FanMail
(1999)
Singles from CrazySexyCool
  1. "Creep"
    Released: October 31, 1994
  2. "Red Light Special"
    Released: February 21, 1995
  3. "Waterfalls"
    Released: May 29, 1995
  4. "Diggin' on You"
    Released: October 31, 1995

The album saw the group reunite with producers Dallas Austin, Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds and Jermaine Dupri as well as new collaborators Organized Noize and Chucky Thompson, and also featured contributions from Sean "Puffy" Combs who helped with the notable hip hop soul sound. CrazySexyCool featured hip hop beats, funk, deep grooves, propulsive rhythms and smooth production. The album's lyrical content was seen as a departure from the group's debut and was seen as a coming-of-age project which explored themes such as sexuality, romanticism, inexperience, and youthful optimism.

CrazySexyCool was met with critical acclaim and commercial success, peaking at number three on the Billboard 200, where it spent over two years. It has been certified 12-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), making TLC the first girl group in history to be awarded diamond status. CrazySexyCool has since sold over 14 million copies worldwide, becoming the best-selling album by an American girl group. The album has since been featured on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die and was listed as a "New Classic" by Entertainment Weekly in 2008.[1] The album was also ranked as the seventh best diamond-certified album of all time by Billboard.[2]

BackgroundEdit

Debut albumEdit

On February 28, 1991, Tionne Watkins and Lisa Lopes signed production, management, and publishing deals with Pebbitone,[3] with Perri Reid becoming their general manager. The two-member TLC-Skee made its first recorded appearance on a track for LaFace act Damian Dame's self-titled 1991 LP.[4] Pebbles found the third member in Rozonda Thomas, one of Damian Dame's part-time backup dancers.

Thomas was signed to the act in April 1991,[3] at about which time the group's name was shortened to TLC. To maintain TLC's name as an acronym for the girls' names, Watkins became "T-Boz", Lopes became "Left-Eye", and Thomas became "Chilli." The girls were then signed to LaFace in May through the production deal with Pebbitone;[3] their records would be distributed by Arista Records/BMG. TLC was immediately set up to go into the studio with Reid and Edmonds, Dallas Austin, Jermaine Dupri, and Marley Marl producing their first album, Ooooooohhh... On the TLC Tip. The new trio debuted as backing vocalists on "Rebel (With a Cause)", a track on Jermaine Jackson's sole album for LaFace, You Said (1991).[5]

 
L.A. Reid signed TLC and served as executive producer on both the group's debut and its follow-up, CrazySexyCool

Production on Ooooooohhh... On the TLC Tip wrapped up in December 1991.[6] The album became a commercial success, reaching number 14 on the US Billboard 200 and number three on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.[7] According to Nielsen SoundScan, it has sold 2.5 million copies in the US.[8] It was eventually certified four-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for shipping four million copies in the US.[9]

Personal strugglesEdit

Lopes was often vocal about her personal life and difficult past. She readily admitted that she had come from an abusive, alcoholic background and struggled with alcohol problems herself. These problems became headline news in 1994, when she set fire to Andre Rison's tennis shoes in a bathtub, which ultimately spread to the mansion they shared, destroying it. Lopes claimed that Rison had beaten her after a night out, and she set fire to his shoes to get back at him. However, she said burning down the house was an accident. Lopes later revealed that she did not have a lot of freedom within the relationship and was abused mentally and physically, having released all her frustrations on the night of the fire.[10] Lopes, who was sentenced to five years probation and therapy at a halfway house, was never able to shake the incident from her reputation.[11] Her relationship with Rison continued to make headlines, with rumors of an imminent wedding, later debunked by People magazine.[12]

RecordingEdit

 
Doppler Studios was one of the recording studios used during the album's production.

The album's recording began in late 1993 and continued through till September 1994.[13] The album was recorded at numerous studios, including Doppler Studios, Bosstown Recording Studios, KrossWire Studio and GADaddy's; D.A.R.P.Studios in Atlanta Georgia,; the Music Grinder Studios in Hollywood,;and The Hit Factory, in New York.[14]

During the album's recording, Left Eye was forced to have less of an input; during the recording sessions, she had plead guilty to her arson charge and was sent to a rehab facility as punishment. The rehab facility only released her for a couple of recording sessions, during which time she cut just a handful of album-worthy rap verses.[15]

For the album's production and writing, the group worked with producers including Babyface, Dallas Austin, Jermaine Dupri and more. Chilli stated that they had used these producers because they always worked with them stating that they worked with Dallas, Babyface, and Jermaine on the first album "the only thing we had new was Organized Noize."[16]Phife Dawg from A Tribe Called Quest did the interludes, however during the album's recording the band members weren't always in the studio together; sometimes they went in one by one because due to scheduling.[16]

"Waterfalls" was written by group member Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes with Marqueze Etheridge and Organized Noize, who also produced the song. Rozonda "Chilli" Thomas and Tionne "T-Boz" Watkins perform the song with Lopes, who also provides a rap. The background vocals are performed by the members of TLC, as well as Debra Killings and Cee-Lo Green. Speaking of Green's involvement, Watkins said, "He was in Goodie Mob, we grew up together, we go way back. He did and it was amazing! I love his voice."[17] The lyrics of the song reference 1990s issues such as violence associated with illegal drug trade and the HIV/AIDS epidemic.[18] At the end of the second verse, the group sings, "His health is fading and he doesn't know why / Three letters took him to his final resting place." Watkins said that it was important for the group to "get the message across without seeming like preaching."[19]

Music and lyricsEdit

CrazySexyCool was a rebellious and free from the traditional R&B norms that weighed the genre down. That edginess, that swagger can't be replaced without its ties to hip-hop. There's something to be said for how fresh and balanced it sounded, how different it was, and how little it seemed to care about observing R&B convention. To me, that was half the appeal: It was sensual R&B with fiery hip-hop spirit.

— Sheldon Pearce, Consequence of Sound[20]

CrazySexyCool was noted as a departure from the group's debut, and was seen as move from the group's predominantly rap connects. The songs on the album contained sensual R&B sounds built over edgy hip-hop beats; containing propulsive rhythms along with clap-commanding high production, bouncy funk elements and smooth rhythms.[20]

The album's lyrical content was also see as an departure from Ooooooohhh... On the TLC Tip. A reviewer from Entertainment Weekly stated that compared to the lyrical content of their debut, which was seen as "kiddie-cute hip-hop", CrazySexyCool is filled with adult-female sexuality, and "hide- and-seek coyness."[21] It was seen as a coming-of-age sophomore album, according to Sheldon Pearce from Consequence of Sound, who stated the album had themes of "guileless and horny twenty something" lyrics that harmlessly explored sexuality and romanticism with the "naïveté that comes from inexperience and youthful optimism."[20] The album lyrics also touch upon themes of relationships from both the impassioned and erotic sides.[20]

Release and promotionEdit

To promote CrazySexyCool, TLC—along with Boyz II Men, Montell Jordan, and Mary J. Blige—performed in the annual Budweiser Superfest Tour in early 1995, consisting of 23 dates in North America. The Atlanta, Chicago and Indianapolis shows featured an expanded roster of performers, including Blackstreet and Monica.[22]

All four singles from the album reached the top five of the Billboard Hot 100, two of them reaching number one.

Lead single, "Creep", topped the Billboard Hot 100 for four weeks, and was one of the biggest singles of 1995, coming in at number three in Billboard Year-End Hot 100 Singles of 1995. It also reached number one on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.

The second single, "Red Light Special", peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100, and number three on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.

The third single, "Waterfalls", became TLC's most successful song, spending seven weeks at number one. It was also the second-biggest single of 1995 according to Billboard, earning TLC two songs in the top three of the 1995 Billboard year-end chart. Internationally, the song reached the top five in several countries.

"Diggin' on You" was released as the album's fourth and final single, and reached number five on the Billboard Hot 100. It also reached number seven on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.

Critical receptionEdit

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic     [23]
Chicago Tribune    [24]
Christgau's Consumer GuideB+[25]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music     [26]
Entertainment WeeklyB+[21]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide     [27]

CrazySexyCool was met with critical acclaim. In his review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine described the album as a "smooth, seductive collection of contemporary soul reminiscent of both Philly soul and Prince", adding that the material was "consistently strong".[23] Erlewine continued to write that the album is "powered" by new jack swing and hip-hop beats with influences of mid-tempo funk, deep grooves, horns and guitar lines.[23] He also referred to "Waterfalls" as "one of the classic R&B songs of the '90s".[23]

In Rolling Stone's review for The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, the article stated that TLC "emerged with the most effervescent and soulful girl-group R&B anyone had seen since the Supremes."[28]

In 2010, Rolling Stone listed the album at number 43 on their "100 Greatest Albums of the 90s". They stated: "Left Eye, Chilli and T-Boz looked like a one-shot when they first emerged from the nascent Atlanta with 1992's Ain't 2 Proud 2 Beg. But CrazySexyCool was a real shocker, packed bumper to bumper with great songs, sassy vocals and voluptuous beats for burning down the house. 'Creep' celebrates the kicks of illicit lust on the down low, 'Waterfalls' digs deep into Memphis soul and 'If I Was Your Girlfriend' does Prince better than The Artist has all decade. The showstopper: 'Red Light Special', an impossibly steamy make-out ballad that undresses and caresses everyone with ears to hear it. CrazySexyCool established TLC as pop pros who could do it all, combining the body slam of hip-hop and the giddy uplift of a jump-rope rhyme without breaking a nail."[29]

In a 2015 article for Consequence of Sound, music critics Michael Madden and Sheldon Pearce write about how the album has impacted artists well into today's era whose R&B sound has been heavily influenced by strong hip-hop elements. "There should probably be more talk of TLC's role in forging the current R&B landscape, which is heavily, if not entirely, influenced by hip-hop culture now. The two genres have seemingly been grafted onto one another, and there's something of a codependent relationship between the two. To that effect, there's something to be said for that dynamic existing here, too, how the album's sequencing contributes to the music's effectiveness and how it still translates to the modern day."[20]

Commercial performanceEdit

CrazySexyCool debuted at number 15 on the US Billboard 200, selling 77,500 copies in its first week.[30] On the issue dated July 29, 1995, the album peaked at number three with 117,000 units sold.[31] The album was certified 12-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on October 11, 2019,[32] and as of January 2015, it had sold 7.6 million copies in the United States, becoming the best-selling album by a female pop group in the country;[33] it had sold an additional 1.27 million copies through the BMG Music Club as of February 2003.[34] Internationally, it reached number one in New Zealand, as well as the top five in Australia, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. By October 1999, CrazySexyCool had sold over 14 million copies worldwide.[35]

AccoladesEdit

CrazySexyCool was nominated for six Grammy Awards at the 1996 Grammy Awards. "Waterfalls" was nominated for the Record of the Year. Two of the album's nominations were for its songwriters: Dallas Austin for "Creep", and Babyface for "Red Light Special". TLC ended up winning two awards, Best R&B Album and Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals for "Creep".

TLC also received multiple wins and nominations at the Billboard Music Awards, American Music Awards and Soul Train Music Awards, including Artist of the Year at the 1995 Billboard Music Awards. At the 1995 MTV Video Music Awards, TLC won four awards for the video to "Waterfalls", including Video of the Year and the Viewer's Choice Award.

Organization Country Accolade Year Rank Ref.
Billboard United States All 92 Diamond-Certified Albums Ranked from Worst to Best: Critic's Take 2016 7 [2]
Complex United States The Best R&B Albums of '90s 2017 4 [36]
Entertainment Weekly United States The 100 Best Albums from 1983 to 2008 2008 36 [37]
The Face United Kingdom The Face Recordings of the Year 1999 27 [38]
NPR United States The 150 Greatest Albums Made by Women 2017 26 [39]
Q United Kingdom Q Readers Greatest Albums Ever 2003 77 [40]
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame United States The Definitive 200: Top 200 Albums of All-Time 2007 105 [41]
Rolling Stone United States 500 Greatest Albums of All Time 2013 379 [42]
Vibe United States The 150 Albums that Define the Vibe Era 2007 Unranked [43]
WatchMojo Canada Top 10 Important R&B Albums 2017 7 [44]

Track listingEdit

No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."Intro-lude" (featuring Phife) 1:03
2."Creep"Dallas AustinAustin4:28
3."Kick Your Game"
4:14
4."Diggin' on You"BabyfaceBabyface4:14
5."Case of the Fake People"AustinAustin4:04
6."CrazySexyCool – Interlude"
  • Chucky Thompson
  • Combs
1:42
7."Red Light Special"BabyfaceBabyface5:03
8."Waterfalls"
Organized Noize4:39
9."Intermission-lude"Dupri 0:42
10."Let's Do It Again"
  • Babyface
  • Jon-John
4:16
11."If I Was Your Girlfriend"Prince
  • Combs
  • Thompson
  • Austin[a]
4:36
12."Sexy – Interlude"
  • Thompson
  • Combs
1:34
13."Take Our Time"
  • Austin
  • Hennings
4:34
14."Can I Get a Witness – Interlude" (featuring Busta Rhymes)
  • Thompson
  • Combs
2:57
15."Switch"
  • Dupri
  • Seal
  • Lopes
3:30
16."Sumthin' Wicked This Way Comes" (featuring Dre of Outkast)
Organized Noize4:28
Total length:56:10

Notes

  • ^[a] signifies a co-producer
  • The single vinyl LP edition omits "Case of the Fake People" and "Intermission-lude".

Sample credits

PersonnelEdit

Credits adapted from the liner notes of CrazySexyCool.[45]

MusiciansEdit

  • Phife – guest appearance (track 1)
  • Dallas Austin – instruments (track 2); keyboards, drums (track 5); additional keyboards (track 11)
  • Sol Messiah – scratching (tracks 2, 5)
  • Rick Sheppard – MIDI, sound design (tracks 2, 5, 11)
  • Debra Killings – background vocals (tracks 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11, 13, 16)
  • Jermaine Dupri – additional vocals (track 3)
  • LaMarquis "Marq" Jefferson – bass (tracks 3, 8)
  • Babyface – synthesizers, drum programming (tracks 4, 7, 10)
  • T-Boz – background vocals (tracks 4, 7, 10)
  • Chilli – background vocals (tracks 4, 7, 10)
  • Bebé – background vocals (tracks 4, 7, 10)
  • Chucky Thompson – all instruments (tracks 6, 12, 14); keyboards, bass, drums (track 11)
  • Sean "Puffy" Combs – ad-libs (track 6)
  • Dwight Sills – guitar (track 7)
  • Organized Noize – drum programming (tracks 8, 16); keyboards (track 8); keyboard programming (track 16)
  • Kenneth Wright – Wurlitzer keyboards (track 8)
  • Jerry Lloyd – horns (track 8)
  • Ronnie Fitch – horns (track 8)
  • Charles Nix – horns (track 8)
  • Shock – horn arrangements (track 8)
  • Edward Stroud – guitar (track 8)
  • TLC – background vocals (track 8)
  • Thomas "Cee-Lo" Burton – background vocals (tracks 8, 16)
  • Jon-John – synthesizers, drum programming (track 10)
  • Colin Wolfe – additional bass (track 11)
  • Arnold Hennings – keyboards, drums (track 13)
  • Tim Kelley – keyboards (track 13)
  • Shorty B – guitar (track 13)
  • Mike Patterson – MIDI, sound design (track 13)
  • Busta Rhymes – guest appearance (track 14)
  • Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes – ad-libs (track 14)
  • Trey Lorenz – background vocals (track 15)
  • Dre of Outkast – guest appearance (track 16)
  • Sir Dean Gant – keyboards (track 16)
  • Craig Love – guitar (track 16)
  • Martin Terry – guitar (track 16)
  • Carlos Glover – bass (track 16)

TechnicalEdit

  • Jermaine Dupri – recording (tracks 1, 9); mixing (tracks 1, 3, 9, 15); production (tracks 3, 15); remix (track 3)
  • John Frye – recording assistance (tracks 1, 3, 9); mixing assistance (track 8)
  • Phil Tan – mixing (tracks 1, 3, 9, 15); recording (tracks 3, 15)
  • Dallas Austin – production (tracks 2, 5, 13); co-production (track 11); executive production
  • Alvin Speights – recording (tracks 2, 5); mixing (tracks 2, 5, 11)
  • Leslie Brathwaite – recording (tracks 2, 5); mixing (track 13)
  • Carl Glover – recording assistance (tracks 2, 5)
  • Brian Smith – recording assistance (tracks 2, 5, 13)
  • Manuel Seal – co-production (tracks 3, 15)
  • Brian Frye – recording assistance (tracks 3, 15)
  • Babyface – production (tracks 4, 7, 10); executive production
  • Brad Gilderman – recording (tracks 4, 7, 10)
  • Eric Fischer – recording assistance (tracks 4, 7, 10)
  • Lamont Hyde – recording assistance (tracks 4, 7, 10)
  • Dave Way – mixing (tracks 4, 7, 10)
  • Chucky Thompson – production (tracks 6, 11, 12, 14)
  • Sean "Puffy" Combs – production (tracks 6, 11, 12, 14)
  • Rich Travali – recording, mixing (tracks 6, 12, 14)
  • Organized Noize – production (tracks 8, 16)
  • Nealhpogue – recording (track 8); mixing (tracks 8, 16)
  • Bernasky – recording assistance (track 8); mixing assistance (track 16)
  • Rico Lumpkins – recording assistance, mixing assistance (track 8)
  • Mike Wilson – recording assistance (track 8)
  • Jon-John – production (track 10)
  • Nash – recording (track 11)
  • Arnold Hennings – production (track 13)
  • Mike Patterson – recording (track 13)
  • Scott Little – recording assistance (track 13)
  • Ron Gresham – mixing (track 13)
  • NHP Sound, Inc. – recording (track 16)
  • Carlos Glover – recording (track 16)
  • Blake Eiseman – recording (track 16)
  • Alex Lowe – recording assistance (track 16)
  • Herb Powers Jr. – mastering
  • Antonio M. Reid – executive production
  • Sharliss Asbury – project coordination
  • Ivy Skoff – project coordination (tracks 4, 7, 10)

ArtworkEdit

  • Davett Singletary – creative direction
  • Christopher Stern – art direction
  • Dah Len – photography

ChartsEdit

Certifications and salesEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[83] 2× Platinum 140,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[84] Gold 25,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[85] 8× Platinum 800,000^
Japan (RIAJ)[86] 2× Platinum 400,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[87] Gold 50,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[88] Platinum 15,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[89] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[32] 12× Platinum 8,870,000[h]
Summaries
Europe (IFPI)[91] Platinum 1,000,000*
Worldwide N/A 14,000,000[35]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Tracks 1, 3, 9 and 15
  2. ^ Tracks 2, 5, 8, 11 and 13
  3. ^ Tracks 4, 7 and 10
  4. ^ Tracks 6, 12 and 14
  5. ^ a b Tracks 8 and 16
  6. ^ Track 11
  7. ^ Track 16
  8. ^ As of January 2015, CrazySexyCool had sold 7.6 million copies in the United States according to Nielsen SoundScan,[33] which does not count albums sold through clubs like the BMG Music Club,[90] where it had sold 1.27 million copies as of February 2003.[34] Combined, it has sold over 8.87 million copies in the US.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The New Classics: Music". Entertainment Weekly. June 18, 2007.
  2. ^ a b Unterberger, Andrew (September 29, 2016). "All 88 Diamond-Certified Albums Ranked From Worst to Best: Critic's Take". Billboard.
  3. ^ a b c Tionne WATKINS (T'Boz), Lisa Lopes (Left Eye), Rozonda Thomas (Chilli), Debtors. v. LaFace Records, Pebbitone, Inc., Peri Reid d/b/a Pebbitone Music, Movants (In re Watkins) Archived 2013-11-06 at the Wayback Machine, 390 210 BR 394 (Bankr. Court, ND Georgia, 1997) (Cotten, S.). Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  4. ^ Cass, Giles, Heyliger (June 7, 2013). 'Face Time: Damian Dame, "Right Down to It". Popdose. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  5. ^ "Jermaine Jackson — You Said". Discogs. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  6. ^ "OUR GEORGIA HISTORY – TLC". OurGeorgiaHistory.com. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  7. ^ "Ooooooohhh ... On the TLC Tip > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums". AllMusic. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
  8. ^ Caulfield, Keith. "Ask Billboard". Billboard. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
  9. ^ "American certifications – TLC – On the TLC Tip". Recording Industry Association of America.
  10. ^ Reid, Shaheem (April 25, 2007). "Lisa Lopes Documentary Captures Singer's Last Days". MTV News. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
  11. ^ Smolowe, Jill; Morrissey, Siobhan; Westfall, Jill; Cohen, Michael; Wescott, Gail; Rozsa, Lori; Stambler, Lyndon (May 13, 2002). "Sad Rap". People. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
  12. ^ Silverman, Stephen M. (June 7, 2001). "Whither 'Left Eye' Lopes and Rison?". People. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
  13. ^ Krulik, Nancy (August 1, 2002). Lisa Lopes: The Life of a Supernova. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1-4391-0409-3.
  14. ^ "TLC: CrazySexyCool - LaFace - HBIM 1146190 - 730082600927". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  15. ^ Barnes, Tom (June 27, 2014). "12 Facts That Will Change the Way You Listen to TLC's 'CrazySexyCool'". Mic. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  16. ^ a b Davis, Rea Melissa (November 20, 2014). "Exclusive: TLC's Chilli Reflects On CrazySexyCool Album's 20th Anniversary". AllHipHop. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  17. ^ Benjamin, Jeff (October 22, 2013). "TLC Reflect on No. 1 Hit "Waterfalls," Detail Cee Lo's Involvement". Fuse. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  18. ^ Peck, Jamie (June 17, 2011). "Flashback Friday: TLC, 'Waterfalls'". MTV Buzzworthy. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  19. ^ Lambe, Stacy (October 23, 2013). "Behind The Song: TLC's "Waterfalls" + "No Scrubs" + "Unpretty"". VH1. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  20. ^ a b c d e "Dusting 'Em Off: TLC – CrazySexyCool". Consequence of Sound. January 31, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  21. ^ a b "Music Review: 'CrazySexyCool'". Entertainment Weekly. November 18, 1994. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  22. ^ "Budweiser Superfest Tour - CyberTLC World". Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  23. ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "CrazySexyCool – TLC". AllMusic. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  24. ^ Kot, Greg (December 15, 1994). "TLC: CrazySexyCool (LaFace)". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  25. ^ Christgau, Robert (2000). "TLC: CrazySexyCool". Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 0-312-24560-2. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  26. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
  27. ^ Berger, Arion; Walters, Barry (2004). "TLC". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 816–17. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  28. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  29. ^ "100 Best Albums of the Nineties: TLC, 'CrazySexyCool'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
  30. ^ Mayfield, Geoff (December 3, 1994). "Between the Bullets". Billboard. Vol. 106 no. 49. p. 115. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved January 16, 2017 – via Google Books.
  31. ^ Newman, Melinda; Christman, Ed (July 29, 1995). "June Sales A Let Down For Music Stores". Billboard. Vol. 107 no. 30. p. 124. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved January 16, 2017 – via Google Books.
  32. ^ a b "American album certifications – TLC – CrazySexyCool". Recording Industry Association of America. October 11, 2019. Retrieved October 16, 2019. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
  33. ^ a b Caulfield, Keith (January 28, 2015). "Rewinding the Charts: 20 Years Ago, TLC's 'Creep' Crowned the Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  34. ^ a b David, Barry (February 18, 2003). "Shania, Backstreet, Britney, Eminem and Janet Top All-Time Sellers". Music Industry News Network. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  35. ^ a b "LaFace Congratulates the Century's Finest: TLC". Billboard. Vol. 111 no. 40. October 2, 1999. p. 119. ISSN 0006-2510 – via Google Books.
  36. ^ "The 50 Best R&B Albums of the '90s". Complex. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  37. ^ "100 Greatest Albums From 1983 to 2008". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  38. ^ "The Face Recordings of the Year 1995". The Face. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  39. ^ "The 150 Greatest Albums Made By Women". NPR. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  40. ^ "Greatest Albums Ever". Q. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  41. ^ "Definitive 200". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 19, 2009. Retrieved June 24, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  42. ^ "Rolling Stones's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  43. ^ "The 150 Albums that Define the Vibe Era". Vibe. Retrieved April 11, 2019 – via Google Books.
  44. ^ "Top 10 Important R&B Albums". WatchMojo. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  45. ^ CrazySexyCool (liner notes). TLC. LaFace Records. 1994. 73008-26009-2.CS1 maint: others (link)
  46. ^ "Australiancharts.com – TLC – CrazySexyCool". Hung Medien.
  47. ^ "Austriancharts.at – TLC – CrazySexyCool" (in German). Hung Medien.
  48. ^ "Ultratop.be – TLC – CrazySexyCool" (in Dutch). Hung Medien.
  49. ^ "Ultratop.be – TLC – CrazySexyCool" (in French). Hung Medien.
  50. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 8533". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  51. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – TLC – CrazySexyCool" (in Dutch). Hung Medien.
  52. ^ "Hits of the World". Billboard. Vol. 107 no. 40. October 7, 1995. p. 79. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved January 16, 2017 – via Google Books.
  53. ^ "TLC: CrazySexyCool" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
  54. ^ "Le Détail des Albums de chaque Artiste". InfoDisc (in French). Retrieved January 16, 2017. Select "T L C" from the drop-down menu and click "OK".
  55. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – TLC – CrazySexyCool" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts.
  56. ^ "Charts.nz – TLC – CrazySexyCool". Hung Medien.
  57. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – TLC – CrazySexyCool". Hung Medien.
  58. ^ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  59. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – TLC – CrazySexyCool". Hung Medien.
  60. ^ "Swisscharts.com – TLC – CrazySexyCool". Hung Medien.
  61. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  62. ^ "Official R&B Albums Chart Top 40". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  63. ^ "TLC Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard.
  64. ^ "TLC Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  65. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1995" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  66. ^ "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1995". RPM. Vol. 62 no. 20. December 18, 1995. ISSN 0315-5994. Retrieved May 21, 2019 – via Library and Archives Canada.
  67. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 1995". dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  68. ^ "Year End Sales Charts – European Top 100 Albums 1995" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 12 no. 51/52. December 23, 1995. p. 14. OCLC 29800226. Retrieved May 21, 2019 – via American Radio History.
  69. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts – 1995" (in German). Offizielle Deutsche Charts. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  70. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1995". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  71. ^ "Årslista Album (inkl samlingar) – År 1995" (in Swedish). Hitlistan. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  72. ^ "Swiss Year-End Charts 1995". swisscharts.com. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  73. ^ a b "End of Year Album Chart Top 100 – 1996". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  74. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1995". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 6, 2018. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  75. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums – Year-End 1995". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 6, 2018. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  76. ^ "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 50 Albums 1996". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  77. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 1996". dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  78. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1996". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  79. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums – Year-End 1996". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  80. ^ Mayfield, Geoff (December 25, 1999). "Top Pop Albums of the '90s". Billboard. Vol. 111 no. 52. p. YE-20. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved January 16, 2017 – via Google Books.
  81. ^ "Greatest of All Time Billboard 200 Albums". Billboard. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  82. ^ "Greatest of All Time Billboard 200 Albums by Women". Billboard. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  83. ^ Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
  84. ^ "Austrian album certifications – TLC – CrazySexyCool" (in German). IFPI Austria. February 29, 1996. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
  85. ^ "Canadian album certifications – TLC – CrazySexyCool". Music Canada. December 9, 1998. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
  86. ^ "Japanese album certifications – TLC – CrazySexyCool" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved December 28, 2017. Select 1999年2月 on the drop-down menu
  87. ^ "Dutch album certifications – TLC – CrazySexyCool" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved August 23, 2018. Enter CrazySexyCool in the "Artiest of titel" box.
  88. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – TLC – CrazySexyCool". Recorded Music NZ. September 17, 1995. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  89. ^ "British album certifications – TLC – CrazySexyCool". British Phonographic Industry. December 1, 1995. Retrieved June 27, 2012. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type CrazySexyCool in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  90. ^ Caulfield, Keith (January 25, 2008). "Ask Billboard: 'Good' Is Not So Good". Billboard. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  91. ^ "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 1996". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved June 27, 2012.

External linksEdit