Crataegus crus-galli

Crataegus crus-galli is a species of hawthorn known by the common names cockspur hawthorn and cockspur thorn. It is native to eastern North America from Ontario to Texas to Florida, and it is widely used in horticulture.[2][3] It is thought to be the parent, along with Crataegus succulenta, of the tetraploid species Crataegus persimilis.

Crataegus crus-galli
Crataegus crus galli 4.jpg
A cultivated form
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Crataegus
Section: Crataegus sect. Coccineae
Series: Crataegus ser. Crus-galli
Species:
C. crus-galli
Binomial name
Crataegus crus-galli
Synonyms[1]
Synonyms list
    • Crataegus acutifolia Sarg.
    • Crataegus albanthera Sarg.
    • Crataegus arborea Beadle
    • Crataegus barrettiana Sarg.
    • Crataegus calophylla Sarg.
    • Crataegus candens Sarg.
    • Crataegus cherokeensis Sarg.
    • Crataegus consueta Sarg.
    • Crataegus hamata E.J.Palmer
    • Crataegus hannibalensis E.J.Palmer
    • Crataegus infera Sarg.
    • Crataegus leptophylla Sarg.
    • Crataegus limnophylla Sarg.
    • Crataegus ludovicensis Sarg.
    • Crataegus monosperma Sarg.
    • Crataegus pachyphylla Sarg.
    • Crataegus paradoxa Sarg.
    • Crataegus parkiae Sarg.
    • Crataegus permera Sarg.
    • Crataegus phaneroneura Sarg.
    • Crataegus polyclada Sarg.
    • Crataegus pyracanthoidesBeadle
    • Crataegus regalis Beadle
    • Crataegus rubrifolia Sarg.
    • Crataegus rudis Sarg.
    • Crataegus severa Sarg.
    • Crataegus strongylophylla Sarg.
    • Crataegus tantula Sarg.
    • Crataegus tardiflora Sarg.
    • Crataegus tenax Ashe
    • Crataegus tenuispina Sarg.
    • Crataegus truncata Sarg.

DescriptionEdit

This is a small tree growing up to about 10 meters tall and 8 meters wide, rounded in form when young and spreading and flattening as it matures. The leaves are 5 to 6 centimeters long, glossy dark green in color and turning gold to red in the fall. The flowers are white and have a scent generally considered unpleasant. The fruits are small pomes that vary in colour, usually a shade of red.[3] Most wild varieties of the tree are heavily armed in sharp thorns several centimeters long.

CultivationEdit

This species is a popular ornamental tree, especially var. inermis, which lacks thorns. Many other wild forms would be very suitable for landscaping if better known, and yellow-fruited forms exist.[3]

UsesEdit

The fruit is edible and can be made into jelly or crushed to make tea.[4]

ImagesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Phipps, J.B. (2015), "Crataegus crus-galli Linnaeus", in L. Brouillet; K. Gandhi; C.L. Howard; H. Jeude; R.W. Kiger; J.B. Phipps; A.C. Pryor; H.H. Schmidt; J.L. Strother; J.L. Zarucchi (eds.), Flora of North America North of Mexico, Volume 9: Magnoliophyta: Picramniaceae to Rosaceae, New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 538–619 |volume= has extra text (help)
  2. ^ USDA Plants
  3. ^ a b c Phipps, J.B.; O’Kennon, R.J.; Lance, R.W. (2003). Hawthorns and medlars. Cambridge, U.K.: Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0-88192-591-8.
  4. ^ Elias, Thomas S.; Dykeman, Peter A. (2009) [1982]. Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide to Over 200 Natural Foods. New York: Sterling. pp. 237–38. ISBN 978-1-4027-6715-9. OCLC 244766414.

External linksEdit