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Cranbrook, British Columbia

Cranbrook (/ˈkrænbrʊk/ KRAN-bruuk) is a city in southeast British Columbia, Canada, located on the west side of the Kootenay River at its confluence with the St. Mary's River,[3] It is the largest urban centre in the region known as the East Kootenay. As of 2016, Cranbrook's population is 19,259 with a census agglomeration population of 26,083. It is the location of the headquarters of the Regional District of East Kootenay and also the location of the regional headquarters of various provincial ministries and agencies, notably the Rocky Mountain Forest District.

Cranbrook
City
City of Cranbrook
10th Ave Cranbrook
10th Ave Cranbrook
Flag of Cranbrook
Flag
Motto(s): Mountains of Opportunity
Cranbrook is located in British Columbia
Cranbrook
Cranbrook
Location of Cranbrook in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°30′35″N 115°46′0″W / 49.50972°N 115.76667°W / 49.50972; -115.76667Coordinates: 49°30′35″N 115°46′0″W / 49.50972°N 115.76667°W / 49.50972; -115.76667
Country  Canada
Province  British Columbia
Regional District East Kootenay
Established 1898
Incorporation 1905
Government
 • Mayor Lee Pratt[1]
 • Governing body Cranbrook City Council
 • MP Wayne Stetski
 • MLA Tom Shypitka
Area
 • Total 31.95 km2 (12.34 sq mi)
 • Agglomeration 4,568.03 km2 (1,763.73 sq mi)
Elevation 921 m (3,021 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 19,259
 • Density 604.7/km2 (1,566/sq mi)
 • Agglomeration 26,083
 • Demonym Cranbrookite, Cranbrookian
Time zone Mountain Standard (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight (MDT) (UTC-6)
Forward sortation area V1C
Area code(s) 236, 250, 778
Telephone Exchanges 236-363, 250-417, 250-420, 250-421, 250-426, 250-464, 250-489, 250-581, 250-919, 778-261, 778-450, 778-517, 778-520, 778-550, 778-570, 778-687, 778-761, 778-963
NTS Map 082G05
GNBC Code JAIQY
Highways Hwy 3
Hwy 95
Hwy 95A
Hwy 93
Website City of Cranbrook
City Data[2]
Cranbrook's welcome sign

Cranbrook is home to the Canadian Museum of Rail Travel which presents static exhibits of passenger rail cars built in the 1920s for the CPR and in the 1900s for the Spokane International Railway. It is also the home of the Kootenay Ice, a WHL hockey team, who has won the league title three times and the Memorial Cup once.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Originally inhabited by Ktunaxa peoples, the land that Cranbrook now occupies was bought by European settlers, notably Colonel James Baker who named his newly acquired land Cranbrook after his home in Cranbrook, Kent, England.

In 1898, Baker had successfully convinced Canadian Pacific Railway to establish their Crowsnest Pass line through Cranbrook rather than nearby Gold Rush Boom Town Fort Steele. With that accomplishment Cranbrook became the major centre of the region, while Fort Steele declined; however, the latter is today a preserved heritage town.

On November 1, 1905, Cranbrook was incorporated as a city.

Some of the major industries include mining and forestry services, trades, and health care.

GeographyEdit

While much of the city is relatively flat, Cranbrook is surrounded by many rising hills where many residential homes are located.[4] Cranbrook faces the Purcell Mountains to the west and the Rocky Mountains to the north and east. There are many lakes in close proximity to Cranbrook. Some of these lakes include Jim Smith Lake, Wasa Lake, Lazy Lake, Moyie Lake, Monroe Lake, Norbury Lake and Elizabeth Lake. Many of these lakes contain opportunities for boating, fishing and camping. There are public recreational beaches and provincial campgrounds.

ClimateEdit

Cranbrook features a humid continental climate under the Köppen climate classification. Environment Canada reports Cranbrook as having the most sunshine hours of any BC city at approximately 2190.5 hours annually. It is a fairly dry city throughout the year, and when precipitation does fall a good percentage of it will be in the form of snow. Environment Canada also states that the city experiences some of the lightest wind speeds year-round, has few foggy days, and has among the highest average barometric pressure of any city in Canada.[5] Frost-free days average 110 days, typically occurring between May 26 to September 14. Mean daily temperatures range from −8.3 °C (17.1 °F) to 18.2 °C (64.8 °F). However, temperatures can range from −20 °C (−4.0 °F) in the winter to 35 °C (95.0 °F) in the summer months. Overall, its climate is extremely similar to that of Kelowna, in the nearby Okanagan Valley to the west - especially in regard to precipitation patterns and total monthly accumulation. However, Kelowna is significantly warmer throughout all seasons.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Cranbrook was 40.5 °C (105 °F) on August 10th, 2018.[6] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −41.1 °C (−42 °F) on January 19, 1958.[7]

Climate data for Cranbrook International Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1901–present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
13.5
(56.3)
22.4
(72.3)
30.6
(87.1)
34.2
(93.6)
37.4
(99.3)
38.9
(102)
40.5
(104.9)
33.9
(93)
29.4
(84.9)
19.5
(67.1)
13.3
(55.9)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
1.9
(35.4)
7.5
(45.5)
12.9
(55.2)
17.9
(64.2)
21.6
(70.9)
26.2
(79.2)
26.0
(78.8)
19.9
(67.8)
11.7
(53.1)
2.7
(36.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
11.9
(53.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.1
(21)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.0
(35.6)
6.6
(43.9)
11.3
(52.3)
15.0
(59)
18.7
(65.7)
18.2
(64.8)
12.6
(54.7)
5.7
(42.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
−7.2
(19)
6.0
(42.8)
Average low °C (°F) −10.2
(13.6)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
0.3
(32.5)
4.7
(40.5)
8.4
(47.1)
11.2
(52.2)
10.3
(50.5)
5.3
(41.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
−5.2
(22.6)
−11.0
(12.2)
0.1
(32.2)
Record low °C (°F) −41.1
(−42)
−37.2
(−35)
−30.0
(−22)
−17.2
(1)
−12.2
(10)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.0
(23)
−12.2
(10)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−40.0
(−40)
−41.1
(−42)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.5
(1.004)
18.9
(0.744)
22.2
(0.874)
24.6
(0.969)
46.1
(1.815)
62.2
(2.449)
38.3
(1.508)
28.0
(1.102)
31.3
(1.232)
20.1
(0.791)
35.3
(1.39)
32.7
(1.287)
385.3
(15.169)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.5
(0.177)
4.2
(0.165)
10.8
(0.425)
19.9
(0.783)
44.1
(1.736)
62.1
(2.445)
38.3
(1.508)
28.0
(1.102)
30.8
(1.213)
16.5
(0.65)
14.5
(0.571)
5.8
(0.228)
279.5
(11.004)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 25.3
(9.96)
18.2
(7.17)
12.5
(4.92)
5.4
(2.13)
1.5
(0.59)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.6
(0.24)
3.8
(1.5)
23.7
(9.33)
34.4
(13.54)
125.3
(49.33)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.1 8.5 9.2 8.8 11.6 13.6 9.2 8.4 8.4 8.2 11.8 12.8 121.5
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 2.8 2.5 5.4 7.3 11.4 13.6 9.2 8.4 8.4 7.4 5.7 2.3 84.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 10.4 7.2 5.6 2.7 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.2 7.6 12.2 47.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 3pm) 70.6 58.7 47.7 40.9 41.0 42.2 35.7 35.6 41.3 49.7 67.1 73.4 50.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 63.5 106.9 163.2 215.0 256.7 267.8 315.1 302.7 218.2 159.5 69.8 51.9 2,190.5
Percent possible sunshine 23.7 37.5 44.4 52.2 54.0 55.0 64.2 67.7 57.5 47.6 25.5 20.4 45.8
Source: Environment Canada[6][8][9][10][11]

DemographicsEdit

Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[12]
Chinese 180 0.9%
South Asian 155 0.8%
Black 115 0.6%
Filipino 125 0.6%
Latin American 45 0.2%
Southeast Asian 60 0.3%
Arab 25 0.1%
West Asian 20 0.1%
Korean 85 0.4%
Japanese 110 0.6%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 70 0.4%
Total visible minority population 1,000 5.1%
Aboriginal group
Source:[13]
First Nations 660 3.4%
Métis 995 5.1%
Inuit 20 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 1,710 8.7%
European Canadian 16,850 86.1%
Total population 19,560 100%

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

Public schools are run by School District 5 Southeast Kootenay, consisting of seven elementary schools and two middle schools that feed into the city's only high school: Mount Baker Secondary School, home to approximately 1,000 students and 90 staff members. Mount Baker is the largest high school in school district five. Prior to 2004, the middle schools were referred to as junior high schools housing grades 8-10 rather than the current 7-9. However, due to declining enrollment, the school district adopted the new system. There is also a local home-school network.

The following 13 schools are located in Cranbrook.

Post-secondary educationEdit

Cranbrook is home to the main campus of the College of the Rockies, which has over 2,500 full and part-time students from over 21 countries.[14]

TransportationEdit

Cranbrook is at the junction of major highways 3 and 93/95, and due to its close proximity to the borders of Alberta and the United States, it is an important transportation hub. Cranbrook has a major Canadian Pacific Railway yard, which serves as a key gateway for trains arriving from and departing to the United States.

The McPhee Bridge also known as the St. Mary's Bridge rises high above the St. Mary River and is near the Canadian Rockies International Airport and the Shadow Mountain Golf Community. It supports the thousands of people who travel between Kimberley and Cranbrook on highway 95A.

Approximately 9 km (6 mi) north is the Canadian Rockies International Airport, which has recently completed its 12.5 million dollar expansion including the lengthening of its runway from 6000 to 8000 feet in order to accommodate a limited number of international flights and an expansion to the Terminal for more passengers. The airport is served by Air Canada Jazz to Vancouver and Calgary, Pacific Coastal Airlines to Vancouver and Kelowna. On February 11, 1978, Pacific Western Airlines Flight 314, a Boeing 737-200, nearly impacted a snowplow on the runway at the airport in Cranbrook, then lost control and crashed, killing 42 of the 49 people on board.

Cranbrook has a public transit system operated by BC Transit, which runs buses on eight different lines.[15]

Sports and recreationEdit

Western Financial Place (formerly called the RecPlex) is a pool and hockey arena in Cranbrook that opened in 2000 and is home to the Kootenay Ice.[16] A paved, two-lane 28 km (17 mi) trail exists between Cranbrook and Kimberley, BC.[17] This trail constitutes a section of the Trans-Canada Trail and is known as the Rails to Trails. Canadian Pacific Railway donated the rail right-of-way and the teardown of the railway began by CP Rail in 2009.[18] In addition to this trail, there are 2000 acres of wilderness to explore in the community forest.[19]

MediaEdit

Newspapers


Radio stations
Television

Notable peopleEdit

The following notable people come from or were born in Cranbrook:

Sister citiesEdit

Cranbrook is twinned with

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Meet Our Mayor | City of Cranbrook
  2. ^ "Population, Age characteristics, Dwellings, Houses, Language, Education, Work, Industry, Earnings, Income, Immigration, Citizenship, Labor". www.city-data.com. Retrieved November 16, 2015. 
  3. ^ BCGNIS entry "Cranbrook (city)"[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ City of Cranbrook website.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 11, 2006. Retrieved July 10, 2006. 
  6. ^ a b "Daily Data Report for August 2018 - Climate - Environment and Climate Change Canada". climate.weather.gc.ca. Retrieved 12 August 2018. 
  7. ^ "Daily Data Report for January 1958". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 26, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved May 27, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Cranbrook". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 26, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Cranbrook A". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 26, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Cranbrook Airport Auto". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 26, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. December 6, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. October 6, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  14. ^ College of the Rockies website
  15. ^ Cranbrook Transit System.
  16. ^ "Cranbrook Rec Plex Becomes Western Financial Place", Cranbrook, August 1, 2012.
  17. ^ "The Trail", North Star Rails to Trails.
  18. ^ "History of the Trail", North Star Rails to Trails.
  19. ^ Cranbrook Community Forest Society web
  1. ^ Climate data was recorded at Cranbrook from January 1901 to March 1939 and at Cranbrook Airport from February 1938 to present.

External linksEdit