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Cramond Lioness

The Cramond lioness is a Roman-era sculpture recovered in 1997 from the mouth of the River Almond at Cramond in Edinburgh, Scotland.

It depicts a bound male prisoner being killed by a lioness. The upper torso and head of the prisoner are shown, with the giant lioness behind him, sinking her teeth into his skull.

The work is interpreted as a Roman sculpture imported to Scotland to serve as part of the tomb of a Roman military commander or dignitary, and connected to the nearby Cramond Roman Fort. The location of such a tomb, and how the sculpture reached its location in the river are unknown.[1]

The sculpture is housed at the Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh. In 2003, plans were unveiled for the lioness to be housed in a new archaeological centre at the Roman Fort in Cramond,[2] although this proposal was still at the initial planning stage in 2008.[3]


  1. ^ "Cramond Ferry". CANMORE. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland.
  2. ^ "Lion to take pride of place at Roman ruins". The Scotsman. 21 August 2003. Retrieved 2009-12-09.
  3. ^ "Roman fort will be centrepiece of new tourist attraction". The Scotsman. 29 August 2008. Retrieved 2009-12-09.

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